Hearing protectors - Testing - Part 3: Supplementary acoustic test methods

This document specifies supplementary acoustic test methods for hearing protectors with additional electronic functions. The purpose of these tests is to enable assessment of the hearing protector performance as specified in the appropriate product standards.

Gehörschützer - Prüfung - Teil 3: Zusätzliche akustische Prüfverfahren

Dieses Dokument legt zusätzliche akustische Prüfverfahren für Gehörschützer mit elektronischen Zusatz¬funktionen fest. Zweck dieser Prüfungen ist, die Beurteilung der Leistungsfähigkeit des Gehörschützers, wie sie in der jeweiligen Produktnorm festgelegt ist, zu ermöglichen.

Protecteurs individuels contre le bruit - Essais - Partie 3 : Méthodes d'essais acoustiques supplémentaires

Le présent document décrit des méthodes d'essais acoustiques supplémentaires des protecteurs contre le bruit dotés de fonctions électroniques additionnelles. L'objectif de ces essais est de permettre l'évaluation des performances du protecteur contre le bruit telle que spécifiée dans les normes de produit appropriées.

Varovala sluha - Preskušanje - 3. del: Dodatna akustična preskusna metoda

Ta evropski standard določa dodatne akustične preskusne metode za opremo za varovanje sluha. Namen teh preskusov je omogočiti oceno delovanja opreme za varovanje sluha, kot je določeno v ustreznih standardih za izdelke.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
26-Nov-2019
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
27-Nov-2019
Completion Date
27-Nov-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 13819-3:2020
01-januar-2020
Varovala sluha - Preskušanje - 3. del: Dodatna akustična preskusna metoda
Hearing protectors - Testing - Part 3: Supplementary acoustic test method
Gehörschützer - Prüfung - Teil 3: Zusätzliche akustische Prüfverfahren
Protecteurs individuels contre le bruit - Essais - Partie 3 : Méthodes d'essais
acoustiques supplémentaires
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 13819-3:2019
ICS:
13.340.20 Varovalna oprema za glavo Head protective equipment
SIST EN 13819-3:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 13819-3:2020
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SIST EN 13819-3:2020
EN 13819-3
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
November 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.340.20
English Version
Hearing protectors - Testing - Part 3: Supplementary
acoustic test methods

Protecteurs individuels contre le bruit - Essais - Partie Gehörschützer - Prüfung - Teil 3: Zusätzliche

3 : Méthodes d'essais acoustiques supplémentaires akustische Prüfverfahren
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 13 December 2018.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 13819-3:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 13819-3:2020
EN 13819-3:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7

4 Symbols and abbreviations ......................................................................................................................... 9

5 Test conditioning and equipment ............................................................................................................. 9

5.1 Conditioning and testing atmosphere ..................................................................................................... 9

5.2 Occluded-ear simulator ................................................................................................................................ 9

5.3 Head simulator ................................................................................................................................................. 9

5.4 Microphone in Real Ear (MIRE) .................................................................................................................. 9

6 Test signals ..................................................................................................................................................... 10

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 10

6.2 HML test sounds ............................................................................................................................................ 10

6.3 Broadband noise test sound ..................................................................................................................... 10

6.4 Speech signal .................................................................................................................................................. 10

6.5 Entertainment audio test signal ............................................................................................................. 10

7 Test procedures ............................................................................................................................................ 11

7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 11

7.2 Level-dependent hearing protectors .................................................................................................... 11

7.2.1 Introduction ................................................................................................................................................... 11

7.2.2 Level-dependent earmuff .......................................................................................................................... 11

7.2.3 Level-dependent earplug .......................................................................................................................... 12

7.3 Active noise reduction (ANR) hearing protectors ............................................................................ 14

7.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 14

7.3.2 Earmuff with active noise reduction ..................................................................................................... 15

7.4 Hearing protectors with FM radio receiver ........................................................................................ 16

7.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16

7.4.2 Earmuff with FM radio receiver .............................................................................................................. 16

7.4.3 Earplug with FM radio receiver .............................................................................................................. 17

7.5 Hearing protectors with Bluetooth® receiver .................................................................................. 18

7.5.1 Earmuff with Bluetooth® receiver ........................................................................................................ 18

7.5.2 Earplug with Bluetooth® receiver ......................................................................................................... 21

7.6 Hearing protectors with electrical audio input................................................................................. 24

7.6.1 Earmuff with electrical audio input....................................................................................................... 24

7.6.2 Earplug with electrical audio input ....................................................................................................... 26

Annex A (informative) Overview of supplementary acoustic test methods ........................................ 29

Annex B (normative) HML test sounds and pink noise with L = 100 dB and tolerances ............. 31

p,A

Annex C (informative) Calculation example for level-dependent hearing protectors ..................... 33

C.1 Calculation example for level-dependent earmuff .......................................................................... 33

C.2 Calculation example for level-dependent earplugs ......................................................................... 34

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SIST EN 13819-3:2020
EN 13819-3:2019 (E)

Annex D (informative) Calculation example for ANR ................................................................................... 35

Annex E (informative) Uncertainty of measurement and interpretation of test results ................. 36

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 38

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SIST EN 13819-3:2020
EN 13819-3:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 13819-3:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 159 “Hearing

protectors”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by May 2020, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by May 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document has been prepared under a standardization request given to CEN by the European

Commission and the European Free Trade Association.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 13819-3:2020
EN 13819-3:2019 (E)
Introduction
This standard is part of a set of standards for personal hearing protectors.

The EN 13819 series consists of three parts and deals with testing plans of hearing protectors.

— EN 13819-1, Hearing protectors — Testing — Part 1: Physical test methods
— EN 13819-2, Hearing protectors — Testing — Part 2: Acoustic test methods

— EN 13819-3, Hearing protectors — Testing — Part 3: Supplementary acoustic test methods

The product requirements are described in a family of standards:
— EN 352-1, Hearing protectors — General requirements — Part 1: Earmuffs
— EN 352-2, Hearing protectors — General requirements — Part 2: Earplugs

— EN 352-3, Hearing protectors — General requirements — Part 3: Earmuffs attached to head

protection and/or face protection devices

— EN 352-4, Hearing protectors — Safety requirements — Part 4: Level-dependent earmuffs

— EN 352-5, Hearing protectors — Safety requirements — Part 5: Active noise reduction earmuffs

— EN352-6, Hearing protectors — Safety requirements — Part 6: Earmuffs with safety-related audio

input

— EN 352-7, Hearing protectors — Safety requirements — Part 7: Level-dependent earplugs

— EN 352-8, Hearing protectors —Safety requirements — Part 8: Entertainment audio earmuffs

— EN 352-9, Hearing protectors — Safety requirements — Part 9: Earplugs with safety-related audio

input

— EN 352-10, Hearing protectors — Safety requirements — Part 10: Entertainment audio earplugs

This standard also provides informative spreadsheets with
— calculation examples for level-dependent earplugs
— calculation examples for ANR
to allow the user to make own calculations.

CEN is not responsible for errors that may arise or occur with the use of these spreadsheets.

An associated standard, EN 458, covers selection, use, care and maintenance of hearing protectors.

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SIST EN 13819-3:2020
EN 13819-3:2019 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies supplementary acoustic test methods for hearing protectors with additional

electronic functions. The purpose of these tests is to enable assessment of the hearing protector

performance as specified in the appropriate product standards.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 352-2:2002, Hearing protectors — General requirements — Part 2: Earplugs

EN 352-8:- , Hearing protectors — Safety requirements — Part 8: Entertainment audio earmuffs

EN 352-10:- , Hearing protectors — Safety requirements — Part 10: Entertainment audio earplugs

EN 60318-4:2010, Electroacoustics - Simulators of human head and ear - Part 4: Occluded-ear simulator

for the measurement of earphones coupled to the ear by means of ear inserts (IEC 60318-4:2018)

EN ISO 4869-1:2018, Acoustics — Hearing protectors — Part 1: Subjective method for the measurement

of sound attenuation (ISO 4869-1:2018)

EN ISO 4869-2:2018, Acoustics — Hearing protectors — Part 2: Estimation of effective A-weighted sound

pressure levels when hearing protectors are worn (ISO 4869-2:2018)

EN ISO 11904-1:2002, Acoustics - Determination of sound immission from sound sources placed close to

the ear - Part 1: Technique using a microphone in a real ear (MIRE technique) (ISO 11904-1:2002)

EN ISO 11904-2:2004, Acoustics - Determination of sound immission from sound sources placed close to

the ear - Part 2: Technique using a manikin (ISO 11904-2:2004)
IEC 60268-1:1985, Sound system equipment - Part 1: General

ITU-T P.50:1999, SERIES P: TELEPHONE TRANSMISSION QUALITY, TELEPHONE INSTALLATIONS, LOCAL

LINE NETWORKS, Objective measuring apparatus, Artificial voices. Appendix I: Test signals

Under preparation: Stage at time of publication: FprEN 352-8:2018.
Under preparation: Stage at time of publication: FprEN 352-10:2018.
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SIST EN 13819-3:2020
EN 13819-3:2019 (E)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
hearing protector

device, that can be an earmuff or an earplug, worn by a person to prevent harmful effects from noise

and other loud acoustic stimuli
3.2
ear simulator

device for measuring the acoustic output of sound sources where the sound pressure is measured by a

calibrated microphone coupled to the source so that the overall acoustic impedance of the device

approximates that of the normal human ear at a given location and in a given frequency band

[SOURCE: EN 60318-4:2010, 3.4]
Note 1 to entry: The standard EN 60318-4:2010 has replaced HD 443 S1:1983.
3.3
occluded-ear simulator

ear simulator which approximates the acoustic transfer impedance of the inner part of the ear canal,

from the tip of an ear insert to the eardrum
[SOURCE: EN 60318-4:2010, 3.5]
Note 1 to entry: The standard EN 60318-4:2010 has replaced HD 443 S1:1983.
3.4
insertion loss

algebraic difference in decibels between the one-third-octave band sound pressure level, measured by

the microphone of the acoustic test fixture with the hearing protector absent, and the sound pressure

level with the hearing protector present
[SOURCE: EN ISO 4869-3:2007, 3.5]
3.5
sound attenuation

difference, in decibels, between the threshold of hearing with and without the hearing protector in

place for a test subject, for a given test signal

[SOURCE: EN ISO 4869-1:2018, 3.8, modified - “, in decibels,” added after “difference” and “,” added

after “test subject”]
3.6
reference point

fixed spatial location within the test chamber at which the midpoint of a line connecting the test

subject’s or ATF’s ear canal openings is located for MIRE or ATF measurements, and likewise the point

to which all objective measurements of the sound field characteristics are referenced

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SIST EN 13819-3:2020
EN 13819-3:2019 (E)
3.7
acoustic test fixture
ATF
device that approximates certain dimensions of an average adult human head
[SOURCE: EN ISO 4869-3:2007, 3.4]
3.8
head simulator
acoustic test fixture with an occluded ear-simulator
3.9
level-dependent hearing protector

hearing protector fitted with an electronic circuit intended to reproduce lower level external sounds in

the ear canal, while usually restricting reproduction of higher level sounds by means of a level-

dependent gain function
3.10
active noise reduction hearing protector

hearing protector designed to provide additional attenuation of external sounds by means of a noise

cancellation circuit
3.11
hearing protector with electrical audio input

hearing protector designed to provide speech information and warning signals, while providing

attenuation of sounds in excess of limit levels
3.12
entertainment audio hearing protector

hearing protector additionally providing reproduced sound for entertainment purposes

3.13
crest factor
peak amplitude of the signal divided by its rms value in linear scale
3.14
decibel full scale
decibel with respect to digital full scale

Note 1 to entry: The full scale value (0 dB FS) is the rms value of a sine wave whose positive peak just reaches

positive full scale.
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SIST EN 13819-3:2020
EN 13819-3:2019 (E)
4 Symbols and abbreviations
ANR Active Noise Reduction
ATF Acoustic Test Fixture
APV Assumed Protection Value
DUT Device Under Test
MIRE Microphone In Real Ear
rms root mean square
SNR Single Number Rating
SPL Sound Pressure Level
dB FS decibel Full Scale
5 Test conditioning and equipment
5.1 Conditioning and testing atmosphere

All specimens shall be conditioned for 4 h and tested in an environment having a temperature of

(22 ± 5) °C and a relative humidity of not more than 85 %.
5.2 Occluded-ear simulator

The occluded-ear simulator shall be used together with an ear canal extension and a pinna simulator,

when necessary. Different ear canal extensions and pinna simulators may be used. When earplugs are

tested the earplug end shall be positioned at the reference plane according to EN 60318-4:2010,

Figure 1 and the diffuse-field frequency response of EN ISO 11904-2:2004, Table 1 shall be used as

diffuse-field related transfer function.
5.3 Head simulator

The head simulator composed of an occluded-ear simulator built into an acoustic test fixture (ATF) shall

be used to achieve sufficient acoustic attenuation of the test fixture. Different ear canal extensions and

pinna simulators may be used. When earplugs with electronic level-dependent feature are tested (7.2.3)

the individual diffuse-field related transfer function for the specific equipment shall be determined and

used. When other earplugs are tested the earplug end shall be positioned at the reference plane

according to EN 60318-4:2010, Figure 1 and the diffuse-field frequency response of

EN ISO 11904-2:2004, Table 1 shall be used as diffuse-field related transfer function.

5.4 Microphone in Real Ear (MIRE)

The MIRE-technique as described in EN ISO 11904-1:2002 shall be used with the following

modification: in the area of the concha the microphone, including supporting elements and electrical

leads, shall occupy an area not exceeding 25 mm in the plane perpendicular to the centre axis of the ear

canal. The microphone position, as shown in EN ISO 11904-1:2002, Figure 1 a) shall be used, i.e. with an

open ear canal and the microphone membrane showing towards the ear drum and positioned in

between the ear canal entrance and the ear drum, preferably at a distance of a few mm from the ear

canal entrance.

Test subject noise exposure shall be monitored. The microphone, its mounting and electrical leads shall

not introduce leakage, e.g. between the hearing protector and the head.

Alternatively, for safety reason, the occluded ear canal can be used as specified in EN ISO 11904-1:2002,

Figure 1 c).
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SIST EN 13819-3:2020
EN 13819-3:2019 (E)

The measurement and calculation of the diffuse-field correction shall be carried out according to

EN ISO 11904-1:2002 for each test subject.
6 Test signals
6.1 General

Test signals can be realized acoustically as sound or transmitted by other means, for example

electrically. The signal to noise ratio shall be 10 dB across the range of tested frequencies.

6.2 HML test sounds

The test sound at the reference point of the sound field shall be a broadband random noise with

three different spectra in the frequency range 100 Hz to 10 kHz and a defined L – L value:

p,C p,A
— H-oriented noise (Ho) +01,
L – L = −12, dB
p,C p,A
−0,2
— M-noise (M) +0,2
L – L = 2,0 dB
p,C p,A
−0,2
— L-oriented noise (Lo) +04,
L – L = 60, dB
p,C p,A
−0,2
The spectra shall fulfil the spectral shape and tolerances given in Annex B.

NOTE 1 The spectrum of the H-oriented noise has a rising output (+3 dB/octave) between 100 Hz and 10 kHz.

The spectrum of the M-noise has a flat output up to 2 kHz and a falling characteristic above. The spectrum of the L-

oriented noise has a falling output (–3 dB/octave) from 100 Hz to 10 kHz.
The crest factor shall be 5 ± 1.

NOTE 2 In EN ISO 4869-2:2018, H-noise is defined as having an L – L value of –2 dB and L-noise is defined

p,C p,A

as having an L – L value of 10 dB. It has been found that the generation of H and L test noises is complicated

p,C p,A

and for the purposes of this standard, alternative noises of slightly different spectral shape are stated.

6.3 Broadband noise test sound

The test sound at the reference point of the sound field shall be a broadband random noise with the

crest factor 5 ± 1.

If pink noise is used as broadband noise the spectrum shall fulfil the spectral shape and tolerances given

in Annex B.
6.4 Speech signal

The speech test signal according to ITU-T P50_F:1999 (Female speech test signal) shall be used, starting

at time 0,15 s and ending at time 10,75 s. If a longer signal is needed repeat a part of the signal and

verify that the rms does not change by more than ± 0,2 dB.

NOTE The ITU-T P50_F signal includes silent parts at the beginning and at the end. The duration of the signal

is selected to avoid influence of these silent parts.
6.5 Entertainment audio test signal

The test signal shall be broadband random noise with overall spectral shape of long-term speech and

music as referenced in IEC 60268-1:1985. The crest factor shall be 5 ± 1.
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SIST EN 13819-3:2020
EN 13819-3:2019 (E)
7 Test procedures
7.1 General

An overview of the supplementary acoustic test procedures is reported in Annex A.

7.2 Level-dependent hearing protectors
7.2.1 Introduction

The A-weighted equivalent diffuse-field related SPL is measured with the level-dependent function

switched on and operating at full volume for three different external noise spectra. The measurements

are conducted in a range of sound level settings. The HML test sounds according to 6.2 shall be used.

This test procedure does not apply to hearing protectors specific for impulse noise.

7.2.2 Level-dependent earmuff
7.2.2.1 Test method

The SPL effective to the ear comprising the passively attenuated SPL and the sound output of the level-

dependent function shall be measured using the MIRE technique described in 5.4. The measured sound

levels shall be corrected for the diffuse-field frequency response of the test subject to give the A-

weighted equivalent diffuse-field related SPL as a function of the external SPL. If the DUT is fitted with a

volume control, it shall be set to maximum audio output.

Four earmuffs and eight test subjects shall be used. Each of the four earmuff samples shall be tested on

two subjects. Measurements shall be taken on both ears.

Determine the A-weighted equivalent diffuse-field related SPL as a function of the external SPL for each

ear and for each type of test sound specified in 6.2. The measurement shall start at an external SPL of

65 dB(A) and shall increase in steps of 5 dB, ensuring that data points for the A-weighted equivalent

diffuse field related SPL lower and higher than 85 dB(A) are encompassed.

The measurement shall start 10 s after the activation of the test sound or a period specified by the

manufacturer. The measurement time shall be at least 20 s.

If the DUT is battery powered specified fresh batteries shall be fitted. Systems with external power

source (e.g. hearing protector connected to a radio system) shall be operating as specified by the

manufacturer.
7.2.2.2 Calculation procedure

Calculate for each type of external noise spectrum (Ho, M, Lo) and for each of the sixteen ears tested the

external SPL for which the A-weighted equivalent diffuse-field related SPL equals 85 dB(A). Use linear

interpolation between adjacent test values of the external SPL on either side of the 85 dB(A) value.

Calculate for each test sound the mean value and the standard deviation of the interpolated values of

the external SPL for the sixteen ears tested.

Subtract one standard deviation from the mean value of external noise level to obtain the criterion level

for each type of external noise spectrum.

Obtain the criterion levels for H-noise with L – L = –2 dB and L-noise with L – L = 10 dB by

p,C p,A p,C p,A

extrapolation from the M-value to the H-oriented resp. the L-oriented values. Assume a linear relation

for the change in external SPL with (L – L )-value on either side of the M-value of L – L = 2 dB.

p,C p,A p,C p,A
An example of the calculation is given in C.1.
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SIST EN 13819-3:2020
EN 13819-3:2019 (E)
7.2.2.3 Report
The following information shall be reported:

a) the A-weighted equivalent diffuse-field related SPL as a function of the external A-weighted SPL, for

each of the sixteen ears and each of the three HML test sounds;

b) the interpolated A-weighted SPL corresponding to the A-weighted equivalent diffuse-field related

SPL of 85 dB, for each of the sixteen ears and each of the three HML test sounds;

c) the mean value and the standard deviation of the sixteen interpolated A-weighted external SPL for

the three HML test sounds;

d) the five criterion levels for the H-, M- and L-noises (oriented and not oriented), rounded to the

nearest integer.
7.2.3 Level-dependent earplug
7.2.3.1 Test method

The SPL effective to the ear comprising the passively attenuated SPL and the sound output of the level-

dependent function shall be measured using a head simulator as described in 5.3. The contributions of

the restored sound and the sound reaching the ear through the passive sound attenuation of the earplug

are combined (see calculation procedure in 7.2.3.2).

The measurement shall be performed on four pairs of earplugs with related electronic units. For each

single earplug and for each type of test sound specified in 6.2, the A-weighted equivalent diffuse-field

related SPL shall be determined, starting at an external SPL of 65 dB(A). If the DUTs are fitted with a

volume control, it shall be set to maximum audio output. The external SPL shall be increased in steps of

5 dB, until the A-weighted equivalent diffuse-field related SPL at the head simulator exceeds 85 dB(A).

In case the insertion loss from the head simulator measurement is much larger than the passive HML

values from EN 352-2:2002, the maximum external SPL can be limited to 85 dB(A) plus the HML values

(see 3.5) rounded up to the next 5 dB step.

The measurement shall start 10 s after the activation of the test sound or a period specified by the

manufacturer. The measurement time shall be at least 20 s.

If the DUT is battery powered specified fresh batteries shall be fitted. Systems with external power

source (e.g. hearing protector connected to a radio system) shall be operating as specified by the

manufacturer.

The insertion loss of each DUT in passive mode shall be determined in an additional measurement with

the level-dependent function of the earplugs switched off. The A-weighted equivalent diffuse-field

related SPL (L ; L ; L ) shall be determined for each test sound (H-oriented noise,

c-off-Ho-100 c-off-M-100 c-off-Lo-100
M noise, L-oriented noise) at an external SPL of 100 dB(A).
In addition the A-weighted equivalent diffuse-field related SPL
...

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Gehörschützer - Prüfung - Teil 3: Zusätzliche akustische PrüfverfahrenProtecteurs individuels contre le bruit - Essais

- Partie 3 : Méthodes d'essais acoustiques supplémentairesHearing protectors - Testing - Part 3: Supplementary acoustic test method13.340.20Varovalna oprema za glavoHead protective equipmentICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:prEN 13819-3oSIST prEN 13819-3:2017en,fr,de01-februar-2017oSIST prEN 13819-3:2017SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
oSIST prEN 13819-3:2017
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
DRAFT prEN 13819-3
December
t r s x ICS
s uä u v rä t r English Version
Hearing protectors æ Testing æ Part

uã Supplementary acoustic test method Protecteurs individuels contre le bruit æ Essais

æ Partie
u ã Méthodes d 5essais acoustiques supplémentaires
Gehörschutzer æ Prüfung æ Teil

uã Zusätzliche akustische Prüfverfahren This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiryä It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

If this draft becomes a European Standardá CEN members are bounwhich stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three ofer language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey andUnited Kingdomä

Recipients of this draft are invited to submitá with their commentsá notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are aware and to provide supporting documentationä

Warning ã This document is not a European Standardä It is distributed for review and commentsä It is subject to change without notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standardä

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s u z s {æ uã t r s x EoSIST prEN 13819-3:2017

prEN 13819-3:2016 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5 4 Symbols and abbreviations ......................................................................................................................... 7 5 Acoustic Test Method ..................................................................................................................................... 7 5.1 Conditioning and testing atmosphere ..................................................................................................... 7 5.2 Occluded-ear simulator ................................................................................................................................ 7 5.3 Occluded-ear simulator built into an acoustic test fixture .............................................................. 7 5.4 Microphone in Real Ear (MIRE) .................................................................................................................. 7 6 Test signals ........................................................................................................................................................ 8 6.1 HML test sounds ............................................................................................................................................... 8 6.2 Broadband noise (pink noise) test sound .............................................................................................. 8 6.3 Speech signal ..................................................................................................................................................... 8 6.4 Entertainment audio test signal ................................................................................................................ 9 7 Test procedures ............................................................................................................................................... 9 7.1 Level dependent hearing protectors ........................................................................................................ 9 7.1.1 Earmuff with electronic level dependent feature ............................................................................... 9 7.1.2 Earplug with electronic level dependent feature ............................................................................. 10 7.2 Active noise reduction (ANR) hearing protectors ............................................................................ 12 7.2.1 Earmuff with active noise reduction ..................................................................................................... 12 7.3 FM Radio .......................................................................................................................................................... 14 7.3.1 Earmuff ............................................................................................................................................................ 14 7.3.2 Ear plug ............................................................................................................................................................ 15 7.4 BluetoothTM .................................................................................................................................................. 16 7.4.1 Earmuff ............................................................................................................................................................ 16 7.4.2 Earplug ............................................................................................................................................................. 18 7.5 Electrical audio input.................................................................................................................................. 21 7.5.1 Earmuff ............................................................................................................................................................ 21 7.5.2 Earplug ............................................................................................................................................................. 23 Annex A (informative)

Overview of Supplementary Acoustic test methods ....................................... 25 Annex B (normative)

HML Signal and pink noise with LA = 100 dB and tolerances ......................... 26 Annex C (informative)

Calculation examples for level dependent hearing protectors - earmuffs ........................................................................................................................................................... 28 Annex D (informative)

Calculation examples for ANR ................................................................................. 30 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 31

oSIST prEN 13819-3:2017

prEN 13819-3:2016 3 European foreword This document (prEN 13819-3:2016) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 159 “Hearing protectors”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association This document is a draft under development by CEN/TC 159/WG 2 Electronic and amplitude sensitive hearing protectors. oSIST prEN 13819-3:2017

prEN 13819-3:2016 (E) 4 Introduction This standard is part of a set of standards for personal hearing protectors. The EN 13819 series consists of three parts and deals with testing plans of hearing protectors. — Part 1: Physical test methods — Part 2: Acoustic test methods — Part 3: Supplementary acoustic test methods EN 13819-1 and EN 13819-2 deal with testing common to all types of hearing protectors. An overview of the supplementary test methods of this standard and the relative hearing protector they are used for is reported in Annex A. The EN 352 series addresses product requirements. EN 352-1 deals with requirements for earmuffs, EN 352-2 for earplugs and EN 352-3 for earmuffs attached to industrial safety helmets. Safety requirements for level-dependent earmuffs are contained in EN 352-4, for earmuffs with active noise reduction in EN 352-5, for earmuffs with electrical audio input facility in EN 352-6, for level-dependent earplugs in EN 352-7, for entertainment audio earmuffs in EN 352-8, for earplugs with electrical audio input in prEN 352-9 and for earplugs with entertainment audio input in prEN 352-10. An associated standard, EN 458, covers selection, use, care and maintenance of hearing protectors. oSIST prEN 13819-3:2017

prEN 13819-3:2016 5 1 Scope This European Standard specifies supplementary acoustic test methods for hearing protectors. The purpose of these tests is to enable assessment of the hearing protector performance as specified in the appropriate product standards. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 24869-1:1992, Acoustics - Hearing protectors - Subjective method for the measurement of sound attenuation (ISO 4869-1:1990) EN 60318-4:2010, Electroacoustics - Simulators of human head and ear - Part 4: Occluded-ear simulator for the measurement of earphones coupled to the ear by means of ear inserts (IEC 60318-4:2010) EN ISO 4869-2:1995, Acoustics - Hearing protectors - Part 2: Estimation of effective A-weighted sound pressure levels when hearing protectors are worn (ISO 4869-2:1994) EN ISO 11904-1:2002, Acoustics - Determination of sound immission from sound sources placed close to the ear - Part 1: Technique using a microphone in a real ear (MIRE technique) (ISO 11904-1:2002) EN ISO 11904-2:2004, Acoustics - Determination of sound immission from sound sources placed close to the ear - Part 2: Technique using a manikin (ISO 11904-2:2004) ITU-T P.50:1998, SERIES P: TELEPHONE TRANSMISSION QUALITY, TELEPHONE INSTALLATIONS, LOCAL LINE NETWORKS, Objective measuring apparatus, Artificial voices. Appendix I: Test signals 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 hearing protector device that can be an earmuff or an earplug 3.2 ear simulator device for measuring the acoustic output of sound sources where the sound pressure is measured by a calibrated microphone coupled to the source so that the overall acoustic impedance of the device approximates that of the normal human ear at a given location and in a given frequency band [SOURCE: EN 60318-4:2010, 3.4] 3.3 occluded-ear simulator ear simulator which approximates the acoustic transfer impedance of the inner part of the ear canal, from the tip of an ear insert to the eardrum [SOURCE: EN 60318-4:2010, 3.5] Note 1 to entry: The standard EN 60318-4 replaced IEC 60711. oSIST prEN 13819-3:2017

prEN 13819-3:2016 (E) 6 3.4 insertion loss algebraic difference in decibels between the one-third octave band sound pressure level, measured by the microphone of the acoustic test fixture with the hearing protector absent, and the sound pressure level with the hearing protector present [SOURCE: EN ISO 4869-3:2007, 3.7] 3.5 sound attenuation difference, in decibels, between the threshold of hearing with and without the hearing protector in place for a test subjects, for a given test signal [SOURCE: EN 24869-1:1992, 3.8] 3.6 reference point fixed spatial location within the test chamber at which the midpoint of a line connecting the test subject’s or ATF’s ear canal openings is located for MIRE or ATF measurements, and likewise the point to which all objective measurements of the sound field characteristics are referenced 3.7 acoustic test fixture ATF device that approximates certain dimensions of an average adult human head [SOURCE: EN ISO 4869-3:2007, 3.4] 3.8 head simulator acoustic test fixture with an occluded ear simulator 3.9 level-dependent hearing protector hearing protector designed to provide restoration of external sounds, while providing attenuation of sounds at high levels 3.10 active noise reduction hearing protectors hearing protectors designed to provide additional attenuation of external sounds by means of a noise cancellation circuit 3.11 hearing protector with electrical audio input hearing protector designed to provide speech information and warning signals, while providing attenuation of sounds in excess of limit levels 3.12 entertainment audio hearing protector hearing protector designed to provide not only sound attenuation to ambient sound but also to provide entertainment audio via built-in loudspeakers oSIST prEN 13819-3:2017

prEN 13819-3:2016 7 3.13 crest factor peak amplitude of the signal divided by its rms value in linear scale 3.14 decibel full scale decibel with respect to digital full scale Note 1 to entry: The full scale amplitude (0 dB FS) is the rms value of a sine wave whose positive peak just reaches positive full scale. 4 Symbols and abbreviations ANR Active Noise Reduction ATF Acoustic Test Fixture APV Assumed Protection Value DUT Device Under Test MIRE Microphone In Real Ear rms root mean square SNR Single Number Rating SPL Sound Pressure Level dB FS decibel Full Scale 5 Acoustic Test Method 5.1 Conditioning and testing atmosphere All specimens shall be conditioned for 4 hours and tested in an atmosphere having a temperature of 22 °C ± 5 °C and a relative humidity of not more than 85 %. 5.2 Occluded-ear simulator The occluded-ear simulator shall be used together with an ear canal extension and a pinna simulator, when necessary. Different ear canal extensions and pinna simulators may be used. When earplugs with electronic level-dependent feature are tested (7.1.2) the individual diffuse-field related transfer function for the specific equipment shall be determined and used. When other earplugs are tested the earplug end shall be positioned at the reference plane according to EN 60318-4:2010, Figure 1 and the diffuse-field frequency response of EN ISO 11904-2:2004, Table 1 shall be used as diffuse-field related transfer function. 5.3 Occluded-ear simulator built into an acoustic test fixture The occluded-ear simulator built into an acoustic test fixture (ATF) shall be used to achieve sufficient attenuation of the test fixture. Different ear canal extensions and pinna simulators may be used and the diffuse-field related transfer function shall be measured. 5.4 Microphone in Real Ear (MIRE) The MIRE-technique as described in EN ISO 11904-1 shall be used with the following exception: in the area of the concha the microphone, including supporting elements and electrical leads, shall occupy an area not exceeding 25 mm2 in the plane perpendicular towards the centre axis of the ear canal. The oSIST prEN 13819-3:2017

prEN 13819-3:2016 (E) 8 microphone position, as shown in EN ISO 11904-1:2002, Figure 1 a) shall be used, i.e. with an open ear canal and the port of the microphone showing towards the ear drum and positioned in between the ear canal entrance and the ear drum, preferably at a distance of a few mm from the ear canal entrance. Test subject noise exposure shall be monitored. The microphone, its mounting and electrical leads shall not introduce leakage between the head or earphone and the ear. Alternatively, for safety reason, the occluded ear canal can be used as reported in EN ISO 11904-1:2002, Figure 1 c). The measurement and calculation of the diffuse-field correction shall be carried out according to EN ISO 11904-1 for each test subject. 6 Test signals Test signals can be realized acoustically as sound or transmitted by other means, for example electrically. 6.1 HML test sounds The test signal at the reference point of the sound field shall be a broadband random noise with three different spectra in the frequency range 100 Hz to 10 kHz and a defined LC – LA value: — H-oriented noise

LC – LA = –1,2 dB (–0,2
dB, +0,1 dB) — M-noise
LC – LA = 2 dB (–0,2 dB, +0,2 dB) — L-oriented noise

LC – LA = 6 dB (–0,2 dB, +0,4 dB) NOTE 1 The spectrum of the H-oriented noise has a rising output (+3 dB/octave) between 100 Hz and 10 kHz. The spectrum of the M-noise has a flat output up to 2 kHz and a falling characteristic above. The spectrum of the L-oriented noise has a falling output (–3 dB/octave) from 100 Hz to 10 kHz. The crest factor shall be 5 + 1. Annex B gives the SPLs in one-third octave bands for the three test sounds with LA = 100 dB with permissible tolerances in dB. NOTE 2 In EN ISO 4869-2, H-noise is defined as having an LC-LA-value of –2 dB and L-noise is defined as having an LC-LA-value of 10 dB. It has been found that the generation of H and L test noises is not straightforward and for the purposes of this standard, alternative noises of slightly different spectral shape are stated. 6.2 Broadband noise (pink noise) test sound A broadband noise spectrum shall be used as test signal for ANR hearing protectors and for determining the diffuse-field related SPLs. The crest factor shall be 5 ± 1. An adequate signal to noise ratio shall be present across the range of tested frequencies. Some minor equalization of the test signal may be necessary to achieve this. Annex B gives the SPL in one-third octave bands for pink noise test sound with LA = 100 dB with permissible tolerances in dB. 6.3 Speech signal The speech test signal according to ITU-T P50_F (Female speech test signal) shall be used for testing communication facilities. oSIST prEN 13819-3:2017

prEN 13819-3:2016 9 6.4 Entertainment audio test signal The test input signal should be broadband noise having the overall spectrum shape of long-term speech and music as referenced in IEC 60268-1. The crest factor shall be of 5 ± 1. 7 Test procedures 7.1 Level dependent hearing protectors The A-weighted equivalent diffuse field related SPL is measured with the sound transmission systems switched on and operating at full volume for three different external noise spectra. The measurements are conducted in a range of sound level settings. The HML test sounds according to 6.1 shall be used. 7.1.1 Earmuff with electronic level dependent feature 7.1.1.1 Test method The effective attenuation of the earmuff, comprising the passive attenuation and the sound output of the level-dependent function shall be measured using the MIRE technique described in 5.4. The measured sound levels shall be corrected for the diffuse-field frequency response of the test subject to give the equivalent diffuse-field SPL produced by the level-dependent earmuff as a function of the external SPL. If the DUT is fitted with a volume control, it shall be set to maximum audio output. Four earmuffs and eight test subjects shall be used. Each of the four earmuff samples shall be worn by two subjects. Measurements shall be taken on both ears. Determine the A-weighted equivalent diffuse field related SPL as a function of the external noise level for each ear and for each type of test sound specified in 6.1. The measurement shall start at an external SPL of 65 dB(A) and shall increase in steps of 5 dB, ensuring that data points lower and higher than 85 dB(A) are encompassed. The measurement shall start 10 s after the activation of the test signal or a period specified by the manufacturer. The measurement time shall be 20 s. If the DUT is battery powered a specified fresh battery shall be fitted. Systems with external power source (e.g. hearing protector connected to a radio system) shall be operating as specified by the manufacturer). 7.1.1.2 Calculation procedure Calculate, for each of the sixteen ears tested, the external noise level for which the A-weighted equivalent diffuse field related SPL equals 85 dB(A). Use linear interpolation between adjacent values of the external noise SPL on either side of the 85 dB(A) criterion value. Calculate the mean value and the standard deviation of the interpolated values of the external noise SPL for the sixteen ears tested. Subtract one standard deviation from the mean value of external noise level to obtain the criterion level for each type of external noise spectrum. Obtain the criterion levels for H-noise with LC – LA = –2 dB and L-noise with LC – LA = 10 dB by extrapolation from the M-value to the H-oriented resp. the L-oriented values. Assume a linear relation for the change in external SPL with (LC-LA)-value on either side of the M-value of LC - LA = 2 dB. A detailed calculation example is reported in C.1. oSIST prEN 13819-3:2017

prEN 13819-3:2016 (E) 10 7.1.1.3 Report The following information shall be reported: a) the A-weighted diffuse field related SPL as a function of the external A-weighted SPL, for each of the sixteen ears and each of the three HML test sounds; b) the interpolated A-weighted SPL corresponding to the A-weighted diffuse field related SPL of 85 dB, for each of the sixteen ears and each of the three HML test sounds; c) the mean value and the standard deviation of the sixteen interpolated A-weighted diffuse field related SPL for the three HML test sounds; d) the criterion levels for the H-, M- and L-noises (oriented and not oriented), rounded to the nearest integer. 7.1.2 Earplug with electronic level dependent feature 7.1.2.1 Test method The technique with a head simulator according to 5.3 shall be used to assess the relationship between the external SPL and the restored A-weighted diffuse field related SPL. The contributions of the restored sound and the sound reaching the ear through the passive attenuation of the earplug are combined (see calculation procedure in 7.1.2.2). The measurement shall be performed on four pairs of earplugs with related electronic units. For each single earplug and for each type of test sound specified in 6.1, the A-weighted diffuse-field related SPL shall be determined, starting at a SPL of 65 dB(A). If the DUTs are fitted with a volume control, it shall be set to maximum audio output. The external SPL shall be increased in steps of 5 dB(A), until the A-weighted diffuse-field related SPL at the head simulator exceeds 85 dB(A). In case the insertion loss from the head simulator measurement is much larger than the HML values from EN 352-2, the maximum external SPL can be limited to 85 dB(A) plus the HML values (see 3.5) rounded up to the next 5 dB step. The measurement shall start 10 s after the activation of the test sound or a period specified by the manufacturer. The measurement time shall be 20 s. If the DUT is battery powered a specified fresh battery shall be fitted. Systems with external power source (e.g. hearing protector connected to a radio system) shall be operating as specified by the manufacturer. The insertion loss of each DUT in passive mode shall be determined in an additional measurement with the electronics of the plugs switched off. The A-weighted diffuse-field related SPL (Lc-off-Ho-100; Lc-off-M-100; Lc-off-Lo-100) shall be determined for each type of external noise spectrum (H-oriented noise, M noise, L-oriented noise) at an external SPL of 100 dB(A). 7.1.2.2 Calculation procedure 7.1.2.2.1 Introduction The measured quantities for each type of test sound are A-weighted sum levels (diffuse-field related) for different external levels. These levels result from two contributions: the SPL created by the loudspeaker in the plug and the SPL due to the external sound attenuated by the plug. It is known especially for earplugs that the values of passive attenuation, determined with an occluded-ear simulator built into an acoustic test fixture according to 5.3, can differ significantly from the values oSIST prEN 13819-3:2017

prEN 13819-3:2016 11 measured with test subjects according to EN 24869-1. Therefore it is necessary to correct this difference by calculation. 7.1.2.2.2 Calculation of the corrected SPL From the A-weighted diffuse-field related SPL Lc-off-Ho-100; Lc-off-M-100; Lc-off-Lo-100 measured with the DUT in passive mode the attenuation values for H-oriented, M- and L-oriented noise (Ho, M, Lo) can be calculated. Ho = Lo-Ho-100 – Lc-off-Ho-100 M = Lo-M-100 – Lc-off-M-100 Lo = Lo-Lo-100 – Lc-off-Lo-100 The SPL of the Lo-x-100 is measured without the HPD in place (open ear simulators) and diffuse-field Lap values for each test signal. From the HML values obtained from the passive sound attenuation measured with test subjects according to EN 24869-1 the attenuation values for the H-oriented noise with LC – LA = –1,2 dB and the L-oriented noise with LC – LA = 6 dB shall be calculated. Assume a linear relation for the change in attenuation with (LC-LA)-value on either side of the M-value of LC – LA = 2 dB. Lrp values for each test signal. After that, the measured values from the occluded-ear simulator can be corrected by a calculation. The procedure described below (on the basis of EN ISO 4869-4) shall be performed for the Ho-M-Lo values only. For each noise type, for each SPL step and for each of the eight measurements the following equation shall be applied: ()()()∆∆σ−−+=−+extapextrpaa010101ac10log101010)))LLLLLL (2) where Lac is the SPL measured with the occluded-ear simulator built into an ATF, corrected with the passive sound attenuation (A-weighted, diffuse field related); La is the uncorrected sound level measured with the occluded-ear simulator built into an ATF (A-weighted, diffuse field related); a is the standard deviation of the La SPL of the 8 earplug samples measured with the occluded-ear simulator built into an ATF at each external level; Lext is the diffuse field (external) SPL (A-weighted); Lap is the passive insertion loss for the occluded-ear simulator built into an ATF (Ho-M-Lo values); Lrp is the passive sound attenuation measured with test subjects according to EN 24869–1 (Ho-M-Lo values). 7.1.2.2.3 Calculation of the criterion levels Calculate for each type of external noise spectrum (Ho, M, Lo) and for each of the eight earplugs tested the external noise level for which the A-weighted equivalent diffuse field related SPL equals 85 dB(A). oSIST prEN 13819-3:2017

prEN 13819-3:2016 (E) 12 Use linear interpolation between adjacent test values of the external noise SPL on either side of the 85 dB(A) criterion value. Calculate for each type of external noise spectrum (Ho, M, Lo) the mean value and the standard deviation of the interpolated values of the external noise SPL for the eight earplugs tested. Subtract one standard deviation from the mean value of external noise level to obtain the criterion level for each type of external noise spectrum (Ho, M, Lo) Obtain the criterion levels for H-noise with LC - LA = –2 dB and L-noise with LC – LA = 10 dB by extrapolation. Assume a linear relation for the change in external SPL with (LC-LA)-value on either side of the M-value of LC – LA = 2 dB. 7.1.2.3 Report The following information shall be reported: a) the A-weighted diffuse field related SPL as a function of the external A-weighted SPL, for each of the eight earplugs and each of the three HML test sounds (La in 7.1.2.2); b) the corrected A-weighted diffuse field related SPL as a function of the external A-weighted SPL, for each of the eight earplugs and each of the three HML test sounds (Lac in 7.1.2.2); c) the interpolated A-weighted SPL corresponding to the A-weighted diffuse field related SPL of 85 dB(A), for each of the eight earplugs and each of the three HML test sounds e) insertion loss results for all three test sounds; d) the mean value and the standard deviation of the eight interpolated A-weighted SPL for the three HML test signals; e) the five criterion levels for the H-, M- and L-noises (oriented and not oriented), rounded to the nearest integer. 7.2 Active noise reduction (ANR) hearing protectors The total attenuation is determined by combining the sound attenuation from testing the hearing protectors according to EN 24869-1 with the contribution from the active noise reduction according to the following procedure. 7.2.1 Earmuff with active noise reduction 7.2.1.1 Test method 7.2.1.1.1 Part 1: Active attenuation The active attenuation of the earmuff, which is the difference in diffuse-field related SPL at the wearer's ear between the active mode and the passive mode, shall be measured using the MIRE technique as defined in 5.4. The measured sound lev

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