Product category rules for life cycle assessments of electronic and electrical products and systems

This document defines product category rules (PCR) for electronic and electrical products and systems (EEPS).
It specifies the process and requirements on how to conduct life cycle assessment in the context of
environmental declarations.
PCR is complemented by additional product-specific rules (PSR), which further define e.g. functional units and
default scenarios in the product-specific context. Therefore, it also provides guidance on how to develop PSR
in corresponding technical committees.
This document provides common rules for:
a) life cycle assessment (LCA), including the requirements for developing default scenarios;
b) the LCA report;
c) the development of product specific rules.
This document provides further guidelines for environmental declarations.
The basic LCA principles and framework are based on the EN ISO 14040 series of standards (i.e EN ISO 14040
and ISO 14044), and therefore out of scope of the standard.

Verfahren zur quantitativen, umweltgerechten Produktgestaltung durch Ökobilanzen und Umweltdeklarationen mittels Produktkategorieregeln für elektronische und elektrotechnische Geräte

Règles de définition des catégories de produits pour l'analyse du cycle de vie des produits et systèmes électriques et électroniques

Pravila za kategorije proizvodov za ocenjevanje življenjskega cikla elektronskih in električnih proizvodov in sistemov

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
29-Aug-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available
Due Date
30-Aug-2019
Completion Date
30-Aug-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 50693:2020
01-julij-2020

Pravila za kategorije proizvodov za ocenjevanje življenjskega cikla elektronskih in

električnih proizvodov in sistemov

Product category rules for life cycle assessments of electronic and electrical products

and systems

Méthode d'écoconception quantitative par l'évaluation du cycle de vie et les déclarations

environnementales par l'intermédiaire de règles relatives aux catégories de produits pour

les EEE
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 50693:2019
ICS:
13.020.60 Življenjski ciklusi izdelkov Product life-cycles
29.020 Elektrotehnika na splošno Electrical engineering in
general
31.020 Elektronske komponente na Electronic components in
splošno general
SIST EN 50693:2020 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 50693:2020
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SIST EN 50693:2020
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 50693
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
August 2019
ICS 13.020.20; 29.020
English Version
Product category rules for life cycle assessments of electronic
and electrical products and systems

Règles de définition des catégories de produits pour Verfahren zur quantitativen, umweltgerechten

l'analyse du cycle de vie des produits et systèmes Produktgestaltung durch Ökobilanzen und

électriques et électroniques Umweltdeklarationen mittels Produktkategorieregeln für

elektronische und elektrotechnische Geräte

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2019-08-12. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN 50693:2019 E
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SIST EN 50693:2020
EN 50693:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ............................................................................................................................................ 4

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 5

1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions .......................................................................................................................... 6

4 Product life cycle assessment .......................................................................................................... 12

4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 12

4.2 Product Category Rules ..................................................................................................................... 13

4.2.1 General.......................................................................................................................................... 13

4.2.2 Functional unit and reference flow description ............................................................................. 13

4.2.3 System boundary .......................................................................................................................... 15

4.2.4 Life cycle inventory ........................................................................................................................ 17

4.2.5 Allocation rules .............................................................................................................................. 19

4.2.6 Units .............................................................................................................................................. 19

4.2.7 Data quality ................................................................................................................................... 19

4.3 Development of scenarios ................................................................................................................. 20

4.3.1 General.......................................................................................................................................... 20

4.3.2 Transportation scenarios............................................................................................................... 21

4.3.3 Use scenarios ............................................................................................................................... 21

4.3.4 End-of-life scenarios ..................................................................................................................... 21

4.4 Life cycle impact assessment ........................................................................................................... 22

4.5 LCA report ........................................................................................................................................... 23

4.5.1 General.......................................................................................................................................... 23

4.5.2 Scope of the study ........................................................................................................................ 23

4.5.3 Life cycle inventory ........................................................................................................................ 23

4.5.4 Environmental impact assessment ............................................................................................... 23

4.5.5 Additional environmental information ............................................................................................ 24

5 Requirements for the development of PSR for EEPS ..................................................................... 25

Annex A (normative) Additional Rules ......................................................................................................... 26

A.1 Rule(s) for extrapolation to a homogenous product family ........................................................... 26

A.2 Rules applying for the aggregation of environmental impacts on system level ......................... 26

Annex B (informative) Recommended impact categories .......................................................................... 27

B.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 27

B.2 Additional environmental information .............................................................................................. 30

Annex C (informative) Correlation with the Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) Initiative of

the European Commission ................................................................................................................ 31

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SIST EN 50693:2020
EN 50693:2019 (E)

Annex D (informative) Correlation with EN 15804 standard ....................................................................... 36

Annex E (informative) General content of a product’s environmental declaration ................................. 38

E.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 38

E.2 List of information in environmental declarations .......................................................................... 38

E.2.1 Information about the manufacturer ................................................................................................. 38

E.2.2 Description of the product family, the reference product and its packaging ............................... 38

E.2.3 Constitutive materials and substances ............................................................................................ 38

E.2.4 Information on life cycle stages and potential impacts .................................................................. 39

Annex F (informative) Example of a product’s environmental declaration .............................................. 40

F.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 40

F.2 Basic example ..................................................................................................................................... 40

Annex G (informative) Recovery activities: Allocation, calculation and default values ......................... 44

G.1 Circular formula .................................................................................................................................. 44

G.2 Formula without benefits ................................................................................................................... 44

G.3 Formula with benefits ......................................................................................................................... 45

G.4 Formula with net benefits .................................................................................................................. 46

G.5 Default values for R , R and R ......................................................................................................... 47

1 2 3

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 49

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SIST EN 50693:2020
EN 50693:2019 (E)
European foreword
This document (EN 50693:2019) has been prepared by CLC/TC 111X “Environment”.
The following dates are fixed:
• latest date by which this document has (dop) 2020-08-12
to be implemented at national level by
publication of an identical national
standard or by endorsement
• latest date by which the national (dow) 2022-08-12
standards conflicting with this document
have to be withdrawn

The TC 111X Working Group 8 has been assigned to deal with the NWIP to define product category core rules

for life cycle assessment as basis for environmental declarations. This document has been elaborated to ensure

a harmonized and compatible approach through harmonized methods of assessing the environmental

performance and providing environmental declarations for electrical and electronic products and systems

(EEPS).
Key points:

a) requirements how to conduct life cycle assessments for environmental declarations;

b) requirements how to compile an associated life cycle assessment report;

c) requirements how to develop product specific rules in vertical, product specific technical committees.

It is the intention of the working group that this document, once finalized as European standard, will be further

processed to an international consensus in IEC according to the UAP procedure agreement between CENELEC

and IEC.

Future standards defining product specific rules have to be consistent with this standard during their preparation.

Any product specific standard already including these topics, e.g. EN 50598-3, should adapt their content to this

standard within their usual maintenance circles.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

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SIST EN 50693:2020
EN 50693:2019 (E)
Introduction

In the recent years, environmental aspects of electrical and electronic products and systems gained in

importance for interested parties, such as customers and regulators.

In addition to qualitative approaches already widely applied in the context of environmental conscious design

process, quantitative information on the potential environmental impacts of the full life cycle of products gained

further interest. This generates the need to provide harmonized rules for the underlying life cycle assessment

(LCA) in order to provide robust and consistent quantitative environmental data on electrical and electronic

products and systems (EEPS), as well as to enable data aggregation at system level, like e.g. buildings, power

drive systems and control cabinets.

The definition of product category rules (PCR), derived from EN ISO 14025, is an established method for a

consistent approach by setting minimum quality standards for life cycle assessment in context to environmental

product declarations (EPD) and hence are now defined as core rules in this standard for the variety of electrical

and electronic products and systems.

On the base of the overarching PCR set out as core rules for EEPS, product specific rules (PSR) should be

elaborated to further detail the requirements for the LCA in the specific context of the products or systems in

scope. This can be done e.g. by product specific standardization committees or environmental declaration

programs.
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SIST EN 50693:2020
EN 50693:2019 (E)
1 Scope

This document defines product category rules (PCR) for electronic and electrical products and systems (EEPS).

It specifies the process and requirements on how to conduct life cycle assessment in the context of

environmental declarations.

PCR is complemented by additional product-specific rules (PSR), which further define e.g. functional units and

default scenarios in the product-specific context. Therefore, it also provides guidance on how to develop PSR

in corresponding technical committees.
This document provides common rules for:

a) life cycle assessment (LCA), including the requirements for developing default scenarios;

b) the LCA report;
c) the development of product specific rules.
This document provides further guidelines for environmental declarations.

The basic LCA principles and framework are based on the EN ISO 14040 series of standards (i.e EN ISO 14040

and ISO 14044), and therefore out of scope of the standard.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content constitutes

requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the

latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN ISO 14040, Environmental management - Life cycle assessment - Principles and framework (ISO 14040)

EN ISO 14044:2006, Environmental management - Life cycle assessment - Requirements and guidelines (ISO

14044:2006)

EN ISO 14020, Environmental labels and declarations - General principles (ISO 14020)

EN ISO 14021:2016, Environmental labels and declarations - Self-declared environmental claims (Type II

environmental labelling) (ISO 14021:2016)

EN ISO 14025, Environmental labels and declarations - Type III environmental declarations - Principles and

procedures (ISO 14025)

CEN ISO/TS 14027, Environmental labels and declarations – Development of product category rules

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
collection

means the gathering of waste, including the preliminary sorting and preliminary storage of waste for the purposes

of transport to a waste treatment facility
[SOURCE: Directive 2008/98/EC]
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EN 50693:2019 (E)
3.2
co-product
two or more products coming from the same unit process or product system

Note 1 to entry: Co-product, by-product and product have the same status and are used for identification of several

distinguished flows of products from the same unit process. From co-product, by-product and product, waste is the only

output to be distinguished as a non-product.
[SOURCE: EN ISO 14040:2006, 3.10]
3.3
cut-off criteria

specification of the amount of material or energy flow or the level of environmental significance associated with

unit processes or product system to be excluded from a study
[SOURCE: EN ISO 14040:2006, 3.18]
3.4
declared unit

quantity of the product used as a reference unit for the environmental declaration when a functional unit cannot

be directly used

Note 1 to entry: The declared unit might differ from the functional unit in terms of the declaration.

[SOURCE: EN 15804:2012+A1:2013, 3.8, modified]
3.5
disposal

operation which is not recovery even where the operation has as a secondary consequence the reclamation of

substances or energy

Note 1 to entry: Annex I of Directive 2008/98/EC sets 231 out a non-exhaustive list of disposal operations.

[SOURCE: EN 50625-1:2014, 3.12]
3.6
energy recovery

production of useful energy through direct and controlled combustion or other processing of waste

Note 1 to entry: Energy recovery is a recovery operation where the material is used principally as a fuel or other means to

generate energy, see R1 of Annex II of Directive 2008/98/EC
[SOURCE: EN 50625-1:2014, 3.14]
3.7
environment

surroundings in which an organization operates, including air, water, land, natural resources, flora, fauna,

humans and their interrelationships

Note 1 to entry: Surroundings can extend from within an organization to the local, regional and global system.

Note 2 to entry: Surroundings can be described in terms of biodiversity, ecosystems, climate or other characteristics.

[SOURCE: EN ISO 14001:2015, 3.2.1]
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EN 50693:2019 (E)
3.8
environmental aspect

element of an organization's activities or products or services that interacts or can interact with the environment

Note 1 to entry: An environmental aspect can cause (an) environmental impact(s) (3.2.4). A significant environmental aspect

is one that has or can have one or more significant environmental impact(s).

Note 2 to entry: Significant environmental aspects are determined by the organization applying one or more criteria.

[SOURCE: EN ISO 14001:2015, 3.2.2]
3.9
environmental claim

statement, symbol or graphic that indicates an environmental aspect of a product, a component or packaging

Note 1 to entry: An environmental claim may be made on product or packaging labels, through product literature, technical

bulletins, advertising, publicity, telemarketing, as well as through digital or electronic media such as the internet.

[SOURCE: EN ISO 14021:2016, 3.1.4]
3.10
environmental impact

change to the environment, whether adverse or beneficial, wholly or partially resulting from an organization's

environmental aspects
[SOURCE: EN ISO 14001:2015, 3.2.4]
3.11
environmental declaration
claim which indicates the environmental aspects of a product or service

Note 1 to entry: An environmental label or declaration may take the form of a statement, symbol or graphic on a product or

package label, in product literature, in technical bulletins, in advertising or in publicity, amongst other things.

[SOURCE: EN ISO 14020:2001, 2.1]
3.12
environmental management system

part of the management system used to manage environmental aspects, fulfil compliance obligations, and

address risks and opportunities
[SOURCE: EN ISO 14001:2015, 3.1.2]
3.13
functional unit
quantified performance of a product system for use as a reference unit
[SOURCE: EN ISO 14040:2006, 3.20]
3.14
hazardous substances and preparations

substance or preparation that can adversely impact the human health and/or the environment with immediate

or retarded effect
[SOURCE: IEC Guide 109:2012, modified]
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SIST EN 50693:2020
EN 50693:2019 (E)
3.15
homogenous product family

subgroup of a product family based on the underlying technology or build where the environmental impacts can

reasonably be expected to be similar and therefore scalable over the group through a function of certain physical

characteristics, e.g. power or weight
3.16
interested party

person or organization that can affect, be affected by, or perceive itself to be affected by a decision or activity

EXAMPLE Customers, communities, suppliers, regulators, non-governmental organizations, investors and employees

Note 1 to entry: To “perceive itself to be affected” means the perception has been made known to the organization

[SOURCE: EN ISO 14001:2015, 3.1.6]
3.17
landfill

waste disposal site for the deposit of the waste onto or into land (i.e. underground), including: Internal waste

disposal sites (i.e. landfill where a producer of waste is carrying out its own waste disposal at the place of

production) and a permanent site (i.e. more than one year) which is used for temporary storage of waste

Note 1 to entry: Excluded are facilities where waste is unloaded in order to permit its preparation for further transport for

recovery, treatment or disposal elsewhere, and storage of waste prior to recovery or treatment for a period less than three

years as a general rule, or storage of waste prior to disposal for a period less than one year.

[SOURCE: Directive 1999/31/EC]
3.18
LCA report

accompanying document to the life cycle assessment. Used as a complement to the environmental declaration

giving further detailed information about the inputs, outputs, used LCI-data and assumptions in regard to this

standard

Note 1 to entry: This LCA report is not meant for external communication. but has to be kept for justification purposes in

terms of environmental declaration verification or market surveillance.
3.19
life cycle

consecutive and interlinked stages of a product system, from raw material acquisition or generation from natural

resources to final disposal

Note 1 to entry: The phrase ’life cycle phase’ is sometimes used interchangeably with ‘life cycle stage’

[SOURCE: EN ISO 14040:2006, 3.1]
3.20
life cycle assessment
LCA

compilation and evaluation of the inputs, outputs and the potential environmental impacts of a product system

throughout its life cycle
[SOURCE: EN ISO 14040:2006, 3.2]
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EN 50693:2019 (E)
3.21
life cycle inventory analysis
LCI

phase of life cycle assessment involving the compilation and quantification of inputs and outputs for a product

throughout its life cycle
[SOURCE: EN ISO 14040:2006, 3.3]
3.22
material recovery

any recovery operation, excluding energy recovery and the reprocessing into materials which are to be used as

fuel
[SOURCE: EN 50625-1:2014, 3.23; Decision 2011/753/EU]
3.23
organization

person or group of people that has its own functions with responsibilities, authorities and relationships to achieve

its objectives
[SOURCE: EN ISO 14001:2015, 3.1.4 - modified]
3.24
packaging

material that is used to protect or contain a product during transportation, storage, marketing or use

Note 1 to entry: For the purposes of this standard, the term “packaging” also includes any item that is physically attached to,

or included with, a product or its container for the purpose of marketing the product or communicating information about the

product.
[SOURCE: EN ISO 14021:2016, 3.1.13]
3.25
product system

collection of unit processes with elementary and product flows, performing one or more defined functions, and

which models the life cycle of a product
[SOURCE: EN ISO 14040:2006, 3.28]
3.26
process

set of interrelated or interacting activities which transforms inputs into outputs

Note 1 to entry: A process can be documented or not.
[SOURCE: EN ISO 14001:2015, 3.3.5]
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EN 50693:2019 (E)
3.27
product

output of an organization that can be produced without any transaction taking place between the organization

and the customer

Note 1 to entry: Production of a product is achieved without any transaction necessarily taking place between provider and

customer, but can often involve this service element upon its delivery to the customer.

Note 2 to entry: The dominant element of a product is that it is generally tangible.

Note 3 to entry: Hardware is tangible and its amount is a countable characteristic (e.g. tyres). Processed materials are

tangible and their amount is a continuous characteristic (e.g. fuel and soft drinks). Hardware and processed materials are

often referred to as goods. Software consists of information regardless of delivery medium (e.g. computer programme, mobile

phone app, instruction manual, dictionary content, musical composition copyright, driver's license).

[SOURCE: ISO 9000:2015, 3.7.6 ]
3.28
product category
group of products that can fulfil equivalent functions
[SOURCE: EN ISO 14025:2010, 3.12]
3.29
product category rules
PCR

set of specific rules, requirements and guidelines for conducting life cycle assessment to develop environmental

declarations for one or more product categories
[SOURCE: EN ISO 14025:2010, 3.5 - modified]
3.30
product family

subgroup of a product category – technologically or functionally similar products

3.31
product specific rules
PSR

set of specific rules, requirements and guidelines, based upon and complementing the PCR, for a specific

product family
3.32
raw material
primary or secondary material that is used to produce a product
Note 1 to entry: Secondary material includes recycled material.
[SOURCE: EN ISO 14040:2006, 3.15]
3.33
reference flow

measure of the outputs from processes in a given product system required to fulfil the function expressed by the

functional unit

Note 1 to entry: The reference flows translate the abstract functional unit into specific product systems needed to fulfil the

required function with a required level of performance
[SOURCE: EN ISO 14040:2006, 3.29 - modified]
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EN 50693:2019 (E)
3.34
reference product

product or product system, supplied by the manufacturer, modelled in the LCA and taken as reference to

extrapolate the environmental impact of other products or product systems matching the same functional unit

(i.e homogeneous product family) and covered by the environmental declaration
[SOURCE: PEP Ecopassport PCR ed.3 - modified]
3.35
reference service life
RSL

service life that may be expected for a product and/or product system according to a particular set, i.e., a

reference set, of ambient and operating conditions during use stage and that may be used to estimate the service

life under other conditions during the use stage

Note 1 to entry: The reference service life is a theoretical period used for calculation purposes. It can never be compared to

the minimum, average or actual service life of the product
[SOURCE: EN 15804:2012+A1:2013, modified]
3.36
substance

chemical elements and their compounds in the natural state or obtained by any production process, including

any additive necessary to preserve the stability of the product and any impurities deriving from the process used,

but excluding any solvent which may be separated without affecting the stability of the substance or changing

its composition

[SOURCE: Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling (GHS):2017, Chapter 1.2, Definitions

and Abbreviations]
3.37
waste

any substance or object which the holder discards or intends or is required to discard

[SOURCE: EN 50625-1:2014, 3.39]
3.38
waste electrical and electronic equipment
WEEE

electrical or electronic equipment which is waste within the meaning of Article 3(1) of Directive 2008/98/EC,

including all components, sub-assemblies and consumables which are part of the product at the time of

discarding

Note 1 to entry: This standard covers whole equipment discarded as WEEE and fractions thereof.

[SOURCE: EN 50625-1:2014, 3.40 – modified]
4 Product life cycle assessment
4.1 General
To quantify the potential environmental impacts caused by EEPS, LCA compl
...

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