Smart community infrastructures -- Smart transportation for newly developing areas

This document specifies a procedure to arrange smart transportation for newly developing areas, including transportation services between the area and existing city centres. This document does not designate procedures for constructing smart transportation facilities.

Infrastructures urbaines intelligentes -- Transport intelligent pour les territoires en développement

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
20-Feb-2020
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
17-Jan-2020
Completion Date
21-Feb-2020
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ISO 37162:2020 - Smart community infrastructures -- Smart transportation for newly developing areas
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 37162
First edition
2020-02
Smart community infrastructures —
Smart transportation for newly
developing areas
Infrastructures urbaines intelligentes — Transport intelligent pour
les territoires en développement
Reference number
ISO 37162:2020(E)
ISO 2020
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ISO 37162:2020(E)
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© ISO 2020

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ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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ISO 37162:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Concept of smart transportation for newly developing areas ............................................................................... 1

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4.2 Transportation modes for newly developing areas ................................................................................................ 2

4.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2.2 Transportation modes applicable inside newly developing areas ....................................... 2

4.2.3 Transportation modes applied between a newly developing area and the

outside region ........................................................................................................................................... .......................... 3

5 Adoption of smart transportation for newly developing areas ........................................................................... 3

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.2 Conditions for transportation mode selection ............................................................................................................ 3

5.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.2.2 Transportation capacity ............................................................................................................................................ 3

5.2.3 Service frequency ............................................................................................................................................................ 4

5.2.4 Stop/station interval .................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.2.5 Geographical applicability ....................................................................................................................................... 4

5.2.6 Running performance .................................................................................................................................................. 4

5.2.7 Exclusive tracks and/or street lanes ............................................................................................................... 4

5.2.8 Promotion of environmentally friendly vehicles and life-cycle performance ............. 4

5.2.9 Coach convenience and safety .............................................................................................................................. 4

5.2.10 Town value and attractiveness ............................................................................................................................ 4

5.2.11 Emergency measures ................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.2.12 Energy saving .................. .................................................... ................................................................................................ 5

5.2.13 Driverless operation applicability .................................................................................................................... 5

5.2.14 On-time operation .......................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.2.15 Flexibility in track arrangements ...................................................................................................................... 5

5.3 Installation of smart transportation ..................................................................................................................................... 5

6 Sustainability in quality of smart transportation for newly developing areas ...................................5

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.2 Parameters to be observed ........................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.3 Re-optimization of smart transportation conditions............................................................................................. 6

Annex A (informative) Transportation modes used in existing newly developing areas ..............................7

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................10

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 37162:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 268, Sustainable cities and communities,

Subcommittee SC 1, Smart community infrastructures

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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ISO 37162:2020(E)
Introduction

Although overall populations in developed countries have started to decrease, many cities are looking

for more space for citizens to reside and locate businesses, and are developing virgin or desolate land,

since convenient places are normally limited in existing cities. Developing countries whose population

is sharply increasing are also in the same situation due to these population explosions and the shortage

of places for comfortable city life and effective business expansion.

A newly developing area is a type of district newly planned and developed to achieve such goals where

the land has never been touched but is located within commuting distance of the current main city

centre. Once a small or medium-sized city is developed near a metropolis, the new city is often called a

satellite city.

In order to establish a newly developing area, passenger transportation services are indispensable as

an easy means of travel from place to place inside the area and between the area and established cities

nearby. 24-h transportation plays a key role in supporting the sustainability of a newly developing

area since transportation performance directly creates a strong bond between citizens’ lives and

business activities. In other words, transportation, if suitable, contributes to successful development

and fostering of newly developing areas. The transportation services should therefore be carefully

organized.

In most cases, the size of a newly developing area is not huge, but the population itself could be large.

Thus, a relatively high frequency of transportation services rather than a high capacity per service is

required. Transportation services shall be able to accommodate planned passenger numbers in expected

passenger flows. The geographical features of a target site and the characteristics of the town planning

will dictate specific transportation performance. It is not unusual to place newly developing areas in

hilly terrain since easily cultivated land has probably already been used. Financial circumstances are

likely to force transportation routing to take courses that do not require building a tunnel through

a hill but instead laying tracks on hills, even if steep. Flexible track arranging hence responds to the

restrictions of local policy-oriented conditions by placing ground tracks, underpasses or overpasses,

viaducts and small curves alongside public roads.

In the development of this document, ISO Guide 82 has been taken into account in addressing

sustainability issues.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 37162:2020(E)
Smart community infrastructures — Smart transportation
for newly developing areas
1 Scope

This document specifies a procedure to arrange smart transportation for newly developing areas,

including transportation services between the area and existing city centres. This document does not

designate procedures for constructing smart transportation facilities.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 37154, Smart community infrastructures — Best practice guidelines for transportation

ISO 37157, Smart community infrastructures — Smart transportation for compact cities

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 37154 and ISO 37157 and the

following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
newly developing area

area newly planned and developed for city life, including business activities, usually in virgin or desolate

land, where public transportation services are required

Note 1 to entry: Newly developing areas are also known as “bedroom towns”, “new towns”, “satellite towns” and

“edge cities” depending on where, when and for what purpose the development is planned.

Note 2 to entry: Newly developing areas could also be urban areas that have been reconverted or reconfigured or

whose population density has suddenly increased as a result of other changes.
3.2
transportation for newly developing areas

services provided for travel inside a newly developing area and between it and the surrounding region,

including existing city centres
4 Concept of smart transportation for newly developing areas
4.1 General

A newly developing area is commonly developed in virgin or desolate land, but still in a location

commutable to existing city centres. It should have the facilities necessary for city life, including

residential places, business activities, academic services and community organizations. Various

needs and demands normally arise at the planning phase. Smart transportation for newly developing

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO 37162:2020(E)
areas generally satisfies some, if not all, of these with easy route arrangeme
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