Report of pilot testing on the application of ISO smart community infrastructures standards

This document provides information on the results of pilot city testing of several ISO smart community infrastructures standards.

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Status
Published
Publication Date
24-Aug-2020
Current Stage
5060 - Close of voting Proof returned by Secretariat
Start Date
17-Jul-2020
Completion Date
17-Jul-2020
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TECHNICAL ISO/TR
REPORT 37171
First edition
2020-08
Report of pilot testing on the
application of ISO smart community
infrastructures standards
Reference number
ISO/TR 37171:2020(E)
ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/TR 37171:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/TR 37171:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 General ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 1

4.1 Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4.1.1 How to succeed in testing smart community international standards in cities ........ 1

4.1.2 Recommendations for international standard pilot testing work ........................................ 2

4.2 Implementation ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2.1 Global implementation ............................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2.2 Implementation in China .......................................................................................................................................... 3

4.3 Methods ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5 Achievement and results ............................................................................................................................................................................ 4

Annex A (informative) Testing report of Chengdu.................................................................................................................................. 6

Annex B (informative) Testing report of Nanhai ...................................................................................................................................... 9

Annex C (informative) Testing report of Hefei (high-tech zone) ..........................................................................................11

Annex D (informative) Testing report of Kawasaki ............................................................................................................................13

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................18

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/TR 37171:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 268, Sustainable cities and communities,

Subcommittee SC 1, Smart community infrastructures.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/TR 37171:2020(E)
Introduction

ISO/TC 268/SC 1 identifies the best pilot cities on a global scale by continuously selecting cities to

standardize SC 1 in subsequent smart city infrastructure. It provides guiding suggestions for the

development of smart cities, provides reference and helps for the construction of international smart

cities, reversely puts the results formed by standards into practice in cities and ensures that the

development of smart cities reaches the level of performance they deserve.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
TECHNICAL REPORT ISO/TR 37171:2020(E)
Report of pilot testing on the application of ISO smart
community infrastructures standards
1 Scope

This document provides information on the results of pilot city testing of several ISO smart community

infrastructures standards.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
data exchange
accessing, transferring and archiving of data
[SOURCE: ISO 37156:2020, 3.3.5]
3.2
data sharing

providing shared, exchangeable and extensible data to enable community infrastructure

[SOURCE: ISO 37156:2020, 3.3.6]
3.3
smart community infrastructure

community infrastructure with enhanced technological performance that is designed, operated and

maintained to contribute to sustainable development and resilience of the community

[SOURCE: ISO 37100:2016, 3.6.2, modified — Notes to entry removed.]
4 General
4.1 Overview

4.1.1 How to succeed in testing smart community international standards in cities

Smart community international standards, which are combined with the current situation and

development goals of local smart community construction, can promote the establishment of local

characteristics of a smart community performance evaluation system (EVA), and guide and supervise

the local smart community construction results. The correctness, completeness and implementation

of the contents of international standards can be verified through specific projects in the construction

content and construction practice. At the same time, the standards can get pilot testing feedback

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/TR 37171:2020(E)

according to the actual usage in the project construction. Also, the content of the international standards

can be modified and improved to evaluate the achievements of smart community construction.

4.1.2 Recommendations for international standard pilot testing work

ISO/TC 268/SC 1 can promote the formulation of test targets and work programs, select proper pilot

cities, implement pilot implementation programs and accept pilot test results, which greatly promotes

the construction of smart cities and international standards.
4.2 Implementation
4.2.1 Global implementation

According to smart city standards and status analysis, different standards are selected to carry out

pilot test work. The targets of the whole world are:

— Promote the practicality of international standards. Pilot testing work can verify the feasibility

of smart community international standards, accelerate the implementation of standard results,

further optimize and improve international standards, make international standards more mature

and applicable.

— Improve the level of international standardization. Different countries and cities have different needs

for the development of smart cities. The global pilot cities are testing under the same framework,

which is conducive to improving the standardization of cities and the overall standardization of the

international community.

— Promote the sustainable development of cities. Pilot testing work is helpful to establish a smart

community performance evaluation system suitable for local characteristics, scientifically guide

and supervise the effectiveness of smart community construction, improve the level of smart city

and achieve sustainable development of cities and communities.

In addition, through the standards pilot and testing work, it can provide mature working ideas and

methods for other international standard testing work.

Different cities can learn from each other. They can construct and improve the smart community design,

city planning and maturity models in accordance with international standards. The pilot test results

are promoted to the international standardization system to enhance the visibility of the community

and attract the attention of the industry. Cities can also find shortcomings and further clarify the key

points of smart community construction.

Until now, Chengdu and Nanhai in China have taken the lead in the pilot test work. Hefei, Kawasaki and

Cambridge are going to start standard pilot testing work.

Hefei has a total area of 11 400 km and a total resident population of 7 790 000. The urban built-up

area of Hefei is 416 km and the built-up area resident population is about 4,09 million. This city has

selected ISO/TS 37151, ISO 37154 and ISO 37156 for pilot testing.

Kawasaki City was selected as a pilot city in Japan. Kawasaki is a sustainable growing city, it has

multiple functions such as a heavy industrial area, a business area and a commuter town for Tokyo.

Kawasaki selected ISO 37153 for pilot testing.

Cambridge was selected as a pilot city in the UK. Cambridge is the capital of Cambridgeshire in England.

Cambridge's pilot and testing of smart community international standards has provided an important

foundation for the future construction of a friendly city between Cambridge and Hefei.

2 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TR 37171:2020(E)
4.2.2 Implementation in China
4.2.2.1 Chengdu

Chengdu is the provincial capital of Sichuan Province, China, and a sub-provincial city. It covers an

area of 14 300 km and has a resident population of nearly 16 million. Chengdu selected ISO/TS 37151,

ISO 37153, ISO 37155-1 and ISO 37156 for pilot testing. Through the pilot test, several documents were

formed. Since September 2017, the municipal government of Chengdu has investigated 20 departments.

The research department has little information about energy and waste and has not collected

corresponding data. In the three aspects of transportation, water and ICT, Chengdu seldom has the

corresponding mature index system standards and norms, but the construction of a performance

evaluation system has a certain basis. Chengdu already has the corresponding recognition and attention

to the construction of the index system, but the construction of the index system only stays at the stage

of a single and individual business, and there is no overall or global platform for the construction of the

index system.

Based on the theory of the life cycle, there are four problems in the management of smart community

infrastructure projects in Chengdu. First, there is no standard reference process or process documents

for smart community infrastructure projects; second, the logic of the project process is not clear;

third, the risk-prevention awareness of the project process is weak; fourth, the particularity of smart

community projects is not fully considered.

The municipal government of Chengdu has a large number of urban basic data resources, but the

management is decentralized and the system is not perfect; the data is incomplete, irregular, incorrect

and inconsistent and has other quality problems. Furthermore, there is no unified data exchange

management platform. Therefore, all departments in the city need to speed up the decentralized

management of data resources and insufficient data sharing.
4.2.2.2 Nanhai

Nanhai district, Foshan, is located in the central part of Guangdong province, the hinterland of the Pearl

river delta, adjacent to Guangzhou, adjacent to Hong Kong and Macao. The whole area covers an area of

107 382 km . Nanhai district, combined with the actual situation, selects ISO/TS 37151 and ISO 37156.

Through field investigations of smart cities in Nanhai district and face-to-face communication with

the municipal government of Nanhai, we found that the research department in Nanhai has little

information about energy and waste. It is very difficult to collect the corresponding data and there

are very few mature indicators system standards or specifications. The construction of a performance

evaluation index system in transportation, waste and ICT has a certain foundation, but there is no

overall platform.

Moreover, we found that most of the databases of the municipal government of Nanhai cannot be shared

or can only be shared in a very limited range. They are expensive and inefficient to use and poorly

shared. In addition, at present, information sharing among the municipal government of Nanhai is

mostly point-to-point mode and there is no unified data exchange management platform.

4.2.2.3 Hefei (high-tech zone)

Hefei has total area of 11 400 km and a total resident population of 7 790 000. The urban built-up

area of Hefei is 416 km and the built-up area resident population is about 4,09 million. Hefei selects

ISO/TS 37151, ISO 37154 and ISO 37156.

The municipal government of Hefei established the working group of pilot testing for international

standards. From the city administrators, environment sector and citizens surveyed, it is learned that

city administrators stress the size, operating efficiency and investment benefits of smart community

infrastructures, especially the operating efficiency. The environment sector of Hefei values the

effective utilization of smart community infrastructures and the improvement of energy use efficiency.

By contrast, the citizens highlight the regional coverage and the accessibility of smart community

infrastructures.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 3
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ISO/TR 37171:2020(E)

The municipal government of Hefei builds a data exchange and sharing platform for carrying out data

acquisition, data storage, data cleaning, data mining, data visualization and analysis. It also promotes

the big data technology exchange and transformation, the formation of several in the country with

independent intellectual property rights of large data products representative.

NOTE Annex A includes details of Chengdu pilot testing work; Annex B includes details of Nanhai pilot

testing work; Annex C includes details of Hefei pilot testing work; Annex D includes details of Kawasaki pilot

testing work.
4.3 Methods

The pilot project of smart city international standards includes field visiting, research and analysis,

global pilot selection, pilot implementation, pilot summary.

— Research and analysis. From the perspective of smart city technology development, the needs of

smart city standard construction, the current situation of smart city infrastructure standards

construction and the city's current needs, ISO standards are selected as testing standards.

— Global pilot selection. The selection includes the following aspects:

a) Application stage: the city will document an application form in accordance with the

requirements.

b) Preliminary examination stage: the application materials are verified and experts organized to

select qualified declaration cities in batches.

c) Verification stage: the city will start to enter the implementation plan development stage

through the primary city. An ISO international expert group is formed using expert remote

guidance and pilot site inspection to communicate with the city one-on-one and give expert

opinion documents.

d) Selection and announcement stage: a comprehensive evaluation of pilot city’s conditions,

determination of pilot cities.
— Pilot implementation:

a) Interpretation of international test standards: organize relevant knowledge training.

b) Analysis of smart city infrastructure needs: comprehensively evaluate the development needs

and goals of various infrastructures, consider the support of urban resources and relevant

stakeholders and determine the development direction of smart community infrastructure.

c) Standards implementation: pilot work will be carried out in accordance with the implementation

plan, with a period of 2 years.
5 Achievement and results

Through pilot testing work around the world, ISO/TC 268/SC 1 has accelerated the promotion of

standard results, guided the construction of smart cities and achieved sustainable urban development.

Up to now, a pilot awarding ceremony has been successfully held in Chengdu, Nanhai district and Hefei,

and pilot testing work conducted. The progress of test work in pilot cities has been reported in meetings

and on-site expert opinions absorbed to promote work progress. Table 1 presents a phased summary.

4 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TR 37171:2020(E)
Table 1 — Summary of work results (as of 20 April 2019)
Time Location Conference name Summary of results
2017-02-06
Through the resolution, ISO/TC 268/SC 1 will establish a new
ISO TC 268 eighth
Paris smart city international standard pilot and test working group
plenary meeting
(TG, Task Group)
2017-02-10
ISO/TC 268/SC 1/
The first batch of pilots (Chengdu and Nanhai District) started
2017-10-24 Mexico TG 2 first working
pilot work and three more cities became test candidate cities
group meeting
First to launch the first batch of pilot cities (Chengdu, Sichuan
ISO/TC 268/SC
Chengdu, and Foshan Nanhai, Guangdong) awarding ceremony, and
2017-12-25 1/TG 2 working
China issued the “Smart City International Standard Pilot Chengdu
group meeting
Consensus”
ISO/TC 268/SC 1/ Hefei (high-tech zone), Anhui Province, China, Cambridge, UK
Zhuhai,

2018-05-15 TG 2 second work- and Kawasaki, Japan were selected as candidates for a new

China
ing group meeting batch of smart city standard pilot cities
Hefei, ISO/TC 268/SC 1/TG
2018-09-26 Hefei pilot awarding ceremony
China 2 pilot city meeting
ISO/TC 268/SC 1/
Experts discussed the technical report and give recommenda-
2018-10-18 Moscow TG 2 third working
tions, representatives of various cities attended the meeting
group meeting
ISO/TC 268/SC 1/
2019-04-10 Paris TG 2 fourth working Start appeals for more pilot cities
group meeting

In order to complete the application for the pilot cities, experts have been specially invited to form a

team. The expert team guides the implementation of international standards. Through the feasibility

study, academic discussions, expert communication and other activities, the scientific route and

direction were organized. According to the international standard, the pilot implementation plan has

been formed based on expert opinion.

In addition, under the guidance of international standards and industry experts, through scientific

and academic activities, cities will be helped to prepare the implementation plan, then the pilot work

targets, main tasks, implementation paths, expected benefits, safeguard measures and work schedules

will be figured out.

On 25 December 2017, the first batch of pilot work conferences were successfully held in Chengdu,

China. It was co-organized by the municipal government of Chengdu. The meeting successfully held the

pilot city awarding ceremony.

On 15 May 2018 the second working group meeting was successfully held in Zhuhai, China. More than

50 experts and city representatives from the UK, France, Russia, Germany, South Korea, Japan and China

attended the meeting. At the Zhuhai meeting, three cities were selected as a new batch of smart cities

standard pilot cities: Hefei (high-tech zone) in Anhui Province, China, Cambridge in the United Kingdom

and Kawasaki in Japan. At the meeting, the questionnaire, annual report and urban pilot template were

consulted by experts from various countries.

Above all, ISO/TC 268/SC 1 will continue to work hard in the smart city pilot cities, continue to consult

experts, call on more cities around the world to participate in the smart city pilot program and

ultimately complete the selection and testing of 10 pilot cities on a global scale, providing a practical

basis for standardization of smart city infrastructure.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 5
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ISO/TR 37171:2020(E)
Annex A
(informative)
Testing report of Chengdu
A.1 General description
A.1.1 General

With the rapid development of the smart community in the world, the smart community management

concept has become the popular model of urban development, driven by the global informatization

trends. It would become the strategic approach of urbanization in the world. International standards

organizations such as ISO, IEC and ITU-T, already have abundant research findings in relevant areas and

have published a series of standards about smart community construction, which play the important

role of guiding smart community development.
A.1.2 Overview of Chengdu City

Chengdu City is the sub-provincial city, which is the provincial capital of Sichuan Province. The

municipal government of Chengdu are highly appreciated in developing smart cities, seeing it as

the core context inside of GDP and social development plans. For promoting the construction of the

Chengdu smart community, the municipal government of Chengdu proposed various projects which

include improving the smart city construction, improving institutional mechanisms, innovating

market cooperation models, promoting smart industry development, improving smart community

infrastructure and promoting social development. Currently, Chengdu has the commanding lead in

transportation services, urban management, public security, information infrastructure, electrical and

water service, spatial geography and sharing information systems, which mean the basic conditions for

smart development are relatively mature.
A.1.3 ISO documents used for this pilot test

In this pilot test, Chengdu participated in ISO/TS 37151, ISO 37153, ISO/37155-1 and ISO 37156.

Through the practising in the progress that transforming standards from international standards to

national or local standards, it would help Chengdu’s smart infrastructure developing with the better

intelligent, better informational sharing, better environment and sustainability development.

A.1.4 Motivations and purpose

After years of developing, Chengdu has got a positive impact on smart community construction.

However, there is still a gap between the current Chengdu infrastructure and the smart community

requirements. In addition, Chengdu’s smart community infrastructure is managed by different

departments and different public organizations, such as the city planning department, building

department, management department, transportation department, water service department and

pollution checking department. For advancing the urbanization, the municipal government of Chengdu

has been active in promoting infrastructure building which is the foundation and the necessary

condition in urban economic and social development.
6 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO/TR 37171:2020(E)
A.2 Pilot test outcome
A.2.1 General

Up to the present, a comprehensive evaluation of infrastructure construction and smart community

construction in Chengdu has been compiled, including the “City Infrastructure Status and Needs

Questionnaire”, “Smart Community Infrastructure Investigation Plan” and “Chengdu Smart Community

International Standard Pilot Research Document”, which laid a solid foundation for the development of

Chengdu's smart community.
A.2.2 Target areas and scope

Two comprehensive investigations have been conducted on relevant Chengdu municipal departments,

in order to continuously understand the basic conditions and construction needs of infrastructure

development in Chengdu's smart community.

Table A.1 provides how many departments have taken part in the first term and second term.

Table A.1 — First-term and second-term departments
First-term departments Second-term departments and companies
— City Port Logistics Office — Municipal Forestry and Garden
Department
— Information Port
— Municipal Water Affairs Department
— Municipal Public Security Bureau
— Municipal Safety Supervision Department
— Municipal Traffic Management Department
— Municipal Environmental Protection
— Municipal Construction Department
Department
— Municipal Environmental Protection
— Municipal Communications Commission
Department
— Municipal Public Security Department
— Municipal Management Department
— Chengdu Transportation Investment
— Municipal Forestry and Garden Department
Group Co., Ltd.
— Municipal Water Affairs Department
— Chengdu Tianfu Greenway Construction
Investment Co., Ltd.
— Municipal Public Transport Department
— Municipal Development and Reform
Department
— Municipal Economics Letter Department
— Municipal City Planning Department
— Municipal Quality Supervision Department
— Municipal Safety Supervision Department
— Municipal Public Security Traffic
Management Department
— Big Data Office
— Municipal Education Department
— Municipal Health Planning Commission
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 7
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO/TR 37171:2020(E)
A.2.3 Test means and process

Since September 2017, electronic questionnaires have been used to collect questionnaires from

20 relevant departments and enterprises in Chengdu. Then, field investigations on international

standards have been carried out for each department, which provides a basic understanding of the

development status and needs of infrastructure construction in Chengdu's smart cities.

After July 2018, on the basis of the analysis of the first survey results, detailed questionnaires

and interviews with international standard experts were conducted again to eight relevant pilot

departments in Chengdu, so as to better understand the status of infrastructure construction in

Chengdu's smart cities. Then analysing advantages, researching negative disparity, benchmarking

the standard construction, evaluating maturity evaluation, checking the life cycle and reviewing data

sharing theory, in order to find the potential area where could be improved.
A.2.4 Data acquisition and adjustment
At present, the ISO 3
...

TECHNICAL ISO/TR
REPORT 37171
First edition
Report of pilot testing on the
application of ISO smart community
infrastructures standards
PROOF/ÉPREUVE
Reference number
ISO/TR 37171:2020(E)
ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/TR 37171:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/TR 37171:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 General ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 1

4.1 Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4.1.1 How to succeed in testing smart community international standards in cities ........ 1

4.1.2 Recommendations for international standard pilot testing work ........................................ 2

4.2 Implementation ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2.1 Global implementation ............................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2.2 Implementation in China .......................................................................................................................................... 3

4.3 Methods ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5 Achievement and results ............................................................................................................................................................................ 4

Annex A (informative) Testing report of Chengdu.................................................................................................................................. 6

Annex B (informative) Testing report of Nanhai ...................................................................................................................................... 9

Annex C (informative) Testing report of Hefei (high-tech zone) ..........................................................................................11

Annex D (informative) Testing report of Kawasaki ............................................................................................................................13

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................18

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/TR 37171:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 268, Sustainable cities and communities,

Subcommittee SC 1, Smart community infrastructures.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/TR 37171:2020(E)
Introduction

ISO/TC 268/SC 1 identifies the best pilot cities on a global scale by continuously selecting cities to

standardize SC 1 in subsequent smart city infrastructure. It provides guiding suggestions for the

development of smart cities, provides reference and helps for the construction of international smart

cities, reversely puts the results formed by standards into practice in cities and ensures that the

development of smart cities reaches the level of performance they deserve.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
TECHNICAL REPORT ISO/TR 37171:2020(E)
Report of pilot testing on the application of ISO smart
community infrastructures standards
1 Scope

This document provides information on the results of pilot city testing of several ISO smart community

infrastructures standards.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
data exchange
accessing, transferring and archiving of data
[SOURCE: ISO 37156:2020, 3.3.5]
3.2
data sharing

providing shared, exchangeable and extensible data to enable community infrastructure

[SOURCE: ISO 37156:2020, 3.3.6]
3.3
smart community infrastructure

community infrastructure with enhanced technological performance that is designed, operated and

maintained to contribute to sustainable development and resilience of the community

[SOURCE: ISO 37100:2016, 3.6.2, modified — Notes to entry removed.]
4 General
4.1 Overview

4.1.1 How to succeed in testing smart community international standards in cities

Smart community international standards, which are combined with the current situation and

development goals of local smart community construction, can promote the establishment of local

characteristics of a smart community performance evaluation system (EVA), and guide and supervise

the local smart community construction results. The correctness, completeness and implementation

of the contents of international standards can be verified through specific projects in the construction

content and construction practice. At the same time, the standards can get pilot testing feedback

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/TR 37171:2020(E)

according to the actual usage in the project construction. Also, the content of the international standards

can be modified and improved to evaluate the achievements of smart community construction.

4.1.2 Recommendations for international standard pilot testing work

ISO/TC 268/SC 1 can promote the formulation of test targets and work programs, select proper pilot

cities, implement pilot implementation programs and accept pilot test results, which greatly promotes

the construction of smart cities and international standards.
4.2 Implementation
4.2.1 Global implementation

According to smart city standards and status analysis, different standards are selected to carry out

pilot test work. The targets of the whole world are:

— Promote the practicality of international standards. Pilot testing work can verify the feasibility

of smart community international standards, accelerate the implementation of standard results,

further optimize and improve international standards, make international standards more mature

and applicable.

— Improve the level of international standardization. Different countries and cities have different needs

for the development of smart cities. The global pilot cities are testing under the same framework,

which is conducive to improving the standardization of cities and the overall standardization of the

international community.

— Promote the sustainable development of cities. Pilot testing work is helpful to establish a smart

community performance evaluation system suitable for local characteristics, scientifically guide

and supervise the effectiveness of smart community construction, improve the level of smart city

and achieve sustainable development of cities and communities.

In addition, through the standards pilot and testing work, it can provide mature working ideas and

methods for other international standard testing work.

Different cities can learn from each other. They can construct and improve the smart community design,

city planning and maturity models in accordance with international standards. The pilot test results

are promoted to the international standardization system to enhance the visibility of the community

and attract the attention of the industry. Cities can also find shortcomings and further clarify the key

points of smart community construction.

Until now, Chengdu and Nanhai in China have taken the lead in the pilot test work. Hefei, Kawasaki and

Cambridge are going to start standard pilot testing work.

Hefei has a total area of 11 400 km and a total resident population of 7 790 000. The urban built-up

area of Hefei is 416 km and the built-up area resident population is about 4,09 million. This city has

selected ISO/TS 37151, ISO 37154 and ISO 37156 for pilot testing.

Kawasaki City was selected as a pilot city in Japan. Kawasaki is a sustainable growing city, it has

multiple functions such as a heavy industrial area, a business area and a commuter town for Tokyo.

Kawasaki selected ISO 37153 for pilot testing.

Cambridge was selected as a pilot city in the UK. Cambridge is the capital of Cambridgeshire in England.

Cambridge's pilot and testing of smart community international standards has provided an important

foundation for the future construction of a friendly city between Cambridge and Hefei.

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4.2.2 Implementation in China
4.2.2.1 Chengdu

Chengdu is the provincial capital of Sichuan Province, China, and a sub-provincial city. It covers an

area of 14 300 km and has a resident population of nearly 16 million. Chengdu selected ISO/TS 37151,

ISO 37153, ISO 37155-1 and ISO 37156 for pilot testing. Through the pilot test, several documents were

formed. Since September 2017, the municipal government of Chengdu has investigated 20 departments.

The research department has little information about energy and waste and has not collected

corresponding data. In the three aspects of transportation, water and ICT, Chengdu seldom has the

corresponding mature index system standards and norms, but the construction of a performance

evaluation system has a certain basis. Chengdu already has the corresponding recognition and attention

to the construction of the index system, but the construction of the index system only stays at the stage

of a single and individual business, and there is no overall or global platform for the construction of the

index system.

Based on the theory of the life cycle, there are four problems in the management of smart community

infrastructure projects in Chengdu. First, there is no standard reference process or process documents

for smart community infrastructure projects; second, the logic of the project process is not clear;

third, the risk-prevention awareness of the project process is weak; fourth, the particularity of smart

community projects is not fully considered.

The municipal government of Chengdu has a large number of urban basic data resources, but the

management is decentralized and the system is not perfect; the data is incomplete, irregular, incorrect

and inconsistent and has other quality problems. Furthermore, there is no unified data exchange

management platform. Therefore, all departments in the city need to speed up the decentralized

management of data resources and insufficient data sharing.
4.2.2.2 Nanhai

Nanhai district, Foshan, is located in the central part of Guangdong province, the hinterland of the Pearl

river delta, adjacent to Guangzhou, adjacent to Hong Kong and Macao. The whole area covers an area of

107 382 km . Nanhai district, combined with the actual situation, selects ISO/TS 37151 and ISO 37156.

Through field investigations of smart cities in Nanhai district and face-to-face communication with

the municipal government of Nanhai, we found that the research department in Nanhai has little

information about energy and waste. It is very difficult to collect the corresponding data and there

are very few mature indicators system standards or specifications. The construction of a performance

evaluation index system in transportation, waste and ICT has a certain foundation, but there is no

overall platform.

Moreover, we found that most of the databases of the municipal government of Nanhai cannot be shared

or can only be shared in a very limited range. They are expensive and inefficient to use and poorly

shared. In addition, at present, information sharing among the municipal government of Nanhai is

mostly point-to-point mode and there is no unified data exchange management platform.

4.2.2.3 Hefei (high-tech zone)

Hefei has total area of 11 400 km and a total resident population of 7 790 000. The urban built-up

area of Hefei is 416 km and the built-up area resident population is about 4,09 million. Hefei selects

ISO/TS 37151, ISO 37154 and ISO 37156.

The municipal government of Hefei established the working group of pilot testing for international

standards. From the city administrators, environment sector and citizens surveyed, it is learned that

city administrators stress the size, operating efficiency and investment benefits of smart community

infrastructures, especially the operating efficiency. The environment sector of Hefei values the

effective utilization of smart community infrastructures and the improvement of energy use efficiency.

By contrast, the citizens highlight the regional coverage and the accessibility of smart community

infrastructures.
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The municipal government of Hefei builds a data exchange and sharing platform for carrying out data

acquisition, data storage, data cleaning, data mining, data visualization and analysis. It also promotes

the big data technology exchange and transformation, the formation of several in the country with

independent intellectual property rights of large data products representative.

NOTE Annex A includes details of Chengdu pilot testing work; Annex B includes details of Nanhai pilot

testing work; Annex C includes details of Hefei pilot testing work; Annex D includes details of Kawasaki pilot

testing work.
4.3 Methods

The pilot project of smart city international standards includes field visiting, research and analysis,

global pilot selection, pilot implementation, pilot summary.

— Research and analysis. From the perspective of smart city technology development, the needs of

smart city standard construction, the current situation of smart city infrastructure standards

construction and the city's current needs, ISO standards are selected as testing standards.

— Global pilot selection. The selection includes the following aspects:

a) Application stage: the city will document an application form in accordance with the

requirements.

b) Preliminary examination stage: the application materials are verified and experts organized to

select qualified declaration cities in batches.

c) Verification stage: the city will start to enter the implementation plan development stage

through the primary city. An ISO international expert group is formed using expert remote

guidance and pilot site inspection to communicate with the city one-on-one and give expert

opinion documents.

d) Selection and announcement stage: a comprehensive evaluation of pilot city’s conditions,

determination of pilot cities.
— Pilot implementation:

a) Interpretation of international test standards: organize relevant knowledge training.

b) Analysis of smart city infrastructure needs: comprehensively evaluate the development needs

and goals of various infrastructures, consider the support of urban resources and relevant

stakeholders and determine the development direction of smart community infrastructure.

c) Standards implementation: pilot work will be carried out in accordance with the implementation

plan, with a period of 2 years.
5 Achievement and results

Through pilot testing work around the world, ISO/TC 268/SC 1 has accelerated the promotion of

standard results, guided the construction of smart cities and achieved sustainable urban development.

Up to now, a pilot awarding ceremony has been successfully held in Chengdu, Nanhai district and Hefei,

and pilot testing work conducted. The progress of test work in pilot cities has been reported in meetings

and on-site expert opinions absorbed to promote work progress. Table 1 presents a phased summary.

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ISO/TR 37171:2020(E)
Table 1 — Summary of work results (as of 20 April 2019)
Time Location Conference name Summary of results
2017-02-06
Through the resolution, ISO/TC 268/SC 1 will establish a new
ISO TC 268 eighth
Paris smart city international standard pilot and test working group
plenary meeting
(TG, Task Group)
2017-02-10
ISO/TC 268/SC 1/
The first batch of pilots (Chengdu and Nanhai District) started
2017-10-24 Mexico TG 2 first working
pilot work and three more cities became test candidate cities
group meeting
First to launch the first batch of pilot cities (Chengdu, Sichuan
ISO/TC 268/SC
Chengdu, and Foshan Nanhai, Guangdong) awarding ceremony, and
2017-12-25 1/TG 2 working
China issued the “Smart City International Standard Pilot Chengdu
group meeting
Consensus”
ISO/TC 268/SC 1/ Hefei (high-tech zone), Anhui Province, China, Cambridge, UK
Zhuhai,

2018-05-15 TG 2 second work- and Kawasaki, Japan were selected as candidates for a new

China
ing group meeting batch of smart city standard pilot cities
Hefei, ISO/TC 268/SC 1/TG
2018-09-26 Hefei pilot awarding ceremony
China 2 pilot city meeting
ISO/TC 268/SC 1/
Experts discussed the technical report and give recommenda-
2018-10-18 Moscow TG 2 third working
tions, representatives of various cities attended the meeting
group meeting
ISO/TC 268/SC 1/
2019-04-10 Paris TG 2 fourth working Start appeals for more pilot cities
group meeting

In order to complete the application for the pilot cities, experts have been specially invited to form a

team. The expert team guides the implementation of international standards. Through the feasibility

study, academic discussions, expert communication and other activities, the scientific route and

direction were organized. According to the international standard, the pilot implementation plan has

been formed based on expert opinion.

In addition, under the guidance of international standards and industry experts, through scientific

and academic activities, cities will be helped to prepare the implementation plan, then the pilot work

targets, main tasks, implementation paths, expected benefits, safeguard measures and work schedules

will be figured out.

On 25 December 2017, the first batch of pilot work conferences were successfully held in Chengdu,

China. It was co-organized by the municipal government of Chengdu. The meeting successfully held the

pilot city awarding ceremony.

On 15 May 2018 the second working group meeting was successfully held in Zhuhai, China. More than

50 experts and city representatives from the UK, France, Russia, Germany, South Korea, Japan and China

attended the meeting. At the Zhuhai meeting, three cities were selected as a new batch of smart cities

standard pilot cities: Hefei (high-tech zone) in Anhui Province, China, Cambridge in the United Kingdom

and Kawasaki in Japan. At the meeting, the questionnaire, annual report and urban pilot template were

consulted by experts from various countries.

Above all, ISO/TC 268/SC 1 will continue to work hard in the smart city pilot cities, continue to consult

experts, call on more cities around the world to participate in the smart city pilot program and

ultimately complete the selection and testing of 10 pilot cities on a global scale, providing a practical

basis for standardization of smart city infrastructure.
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ISO/TR 37171:2020(E)
Annex A
(informative)
Testing report of Chengdu
A.1 General description
A.1.1 General

With the rapid development of the smart community in the world, the smart community management

concept has become the popular model of urban development, driven by the global informatization

trends. It would become the strategic approach of urbanization in the world. International standards

organizations such as ISO, IEC and ITU-T, already have abundant research findings in relevant areas and

have published a series of standards about smart community construction, which play the important

role of guiding smart community development.
A.1.2 Overview of Chengdu City

Chengdu City is the sub-provincial city, which is the provincial capital of Sichuan Province. The

municipal government of Chengdu are highly appreciated in developing smart cities, seeing it as

the core context inside of GDP and social development plans. For promoting the construction of the

Chengdu smart community, the municipal government of Chengdu proposed various projects which

include improving the smart city construction, improving institutional mechanisms, innovating

market cooperation models, promoting smart industry development, improving smart community

infrastructure and promoting social development. Currently, Chengdu has the commanding lead in

transportation services, urban management, public security, information infrastructure, electrical and

water service, spatial geography and sharing information systems, which mean the basic conditions for

smart development are relatively mature.
A.1.3 ISO documents used for this pilot test

In this pilot test, Chengdu participated in ISO/TS 37151, ISO 37153, ISO/37155-1 and ISO 37156.

Through the practising in the progress that transforming standards from international standards to

national or local standards, it would help Chengdu’s smart infrastructure developing with the better

intelligent, better informational sharing, better environment and sustainability development.

A.1.4 Motivations and purpose

After years of developing, Chengdu has got a positive impact on smart community construction.

However, there is still a gap between the current Chengdu infrastructure and the smart community

requirements. In addition, Chengdu’s smart community infrastructure is managed by different

departments and different public organizations, such as the city planning department, building

department, management department, transportation department, water service department and

pollution checking department. For advancing the urbanization, the municipal government of Chengdu

has been active in promoting infrastructure building which is the foundation and the necessary

condition in urban economic and social development.
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A.2 Pilot test outcome
A.2.1 General

Up to the present, a comprehensive evaluation of infrastructure construction and smart community

construction in Chengdu has been compiled, including the “City Infrastructure Status and Needs

Questionnaire”, “Smart Community Infrastructure Investigation Plan” and “Chengdu Smart Community

International Standard Pilot Research Document”, which laid a solid foundation for the development of

Chengdu's smart community.
A.2.2 Target areas and scope

Two comprehensive investigations have been conducted on relevant Chengdu municipal departments,

in order to continuously understand the basic conditions and construction needs of infrastructure

development in Chengdu's smart community.

Table A.1 provides how many departments have taken part in the first term and second term.

Table A.1 — First-term and second-term departments
First-term departments Second-term departments and companies
— City Port Logistics Office — Municipal Forestry and Garden
Department
— Information Port
— Municipal Water Affairs Department
— Municipal Public Security Bureau
— Municipal Safety Supervision
— Municipal Traffic Management
Department
Department
— Municipal Environmental Protection
— Municipal Construction Department
Department
— Municipal Environmental Protection
— Municipal Communications Commission
Department
— Municipal Public Security Department
— Municipal Management Department
— Chengdu Transportation Investment
— Municipal Forestry and Garden
Group Co., Ltd.
Department
— Chengdu Tianfu Greenway Construction
— Municipal Water Affairs Department
Investment Co., Ltd.
— Municipal Public Transport Department
— Municipal Development and Reform
Department
— Municipal Economics Letter Department
— Municipal City Planning Department
— Municipal Quality Supervision
Department
— Municipal Safety Supervision Department
— Municipal Public Security Traffic
Management Department
— Big Data Office
— Municipal Education Department
— Municipal Health Planning Commission
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A.2.3 Test means and process

Since September 2017, electronic questionnaires have been used to collect questionnaires from

20 relevant departments and enterprises in Chengdu. Then, field investigations on international

standards have been carried out for each department, which provides a basic understanding of the

development status and needs of infrastructure construction in Chengdu's smart cities.

After July 2018, on the basis of the analysis of the first survey results, detailed questionnaires

and interviews with international standard experts were conducted again to eight relevant pilot

departments in Chengdu, so as to better understand the status of infrastructure construction in

Chengdu's smart cities. Then analysing advantages, researching negative disparity, benchmarking

the standard construction, evaluating maturity evaluation, checking the life cycle and

...

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