Framework for integration and operation of smart community infrastructures

This document describes a framework (a set of processes and methodologies) for smart community infrastructure interactions (interactions between multiple infrastructures, between infrastructures and stakeholders, and between infrastructures and the external environment) to ensure that such interactions are well identified and managed. There are two potential use cases for this document. The first is for green field sites, where all the smart community infrastructures can be designed and developed at the same time. This is of value to planners and investors of major new infrastructure developments. The second builds on the first and will support efficient management of an existing urban area by taking into account the increasing interdependencies of the infrastructures on each other and the way they should be managed as a system of systems. This document will also take into account accelerating technological and environmental changes. Since this framework is concerned with ensuring the consistency of different systems consisting of smart community infrastructures, the scope does not overlap with any existing work or deliverables that have been or are being developed by existing TCs addressing issues at individual infrastructure level. NOTE This document describes a management case (not a management system), i.e. specific processes that an organization needs to follow in order to meet specific objectives of this document.

Cadre pour l’intégration et l’exploitation des infrastructures communautaires intelligentes

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
05-Jan-2020
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
27-Nov-2019
Completion Date
06-Jan-2020
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ISO 37155-1:2020 - Framework for integration and operation of smart community infrastructures
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 37155-1
First edition
2020-01
Framework for integration and
operation of smart community
infrastructures —
Part 1:
Recommendations for considering
opportunities and challenges from
interactions in smart community
infrastructures from relevant aspects
through the life cycle
Cadre pour l’intégration et l’exploitation des infrastructures
communautaires intelligentes —
Partie 1: Recommandations pour la prise en compte des opportunités
et des défis découlant des interactions dans les infrastructures
communautaires intelligentes, des aspects pertinents tout au long du
cycle de vie
Reference number
ISO 37155-1:2020(E)
ISO 2020
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ISO 37155-1:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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ISO 37155-1:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Understanding of smart community infrastructure layers ...................................................................................... 4

4.1 Smart community infrastructure system layer ........................................................................................................... 4

4.2 Smart community infrastructure layer .............................................................................................................................. 4

4.3 Smart community sub-infrastructure layer ................................................................................................................... 4

5 Benefits of applying this document .................................................................................................................................................. 4

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.2 General benefits ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.3 Benefits for community authorities ...................................................................................................................................... 5

5.4 Benefits for investors or lenders ............................................................................................................................................. 5

5.5 Benefits for developers, infrastructure owners and operators .................................................................... 5

5.6 Benefits for service providers .................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.7 Benefits for people in smart communities ...................................................................................................................... 5

6 Life cycle phases of smart community infrastructure ................................................................................................... 6

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.2 Initiation (phase 1) .............................................................................................................................................................................. 6

6.2.1 Smart community concept (phase 1-1)........................................................................................................ 6

6.3 Design of target infrastructures (phase 2) ...................................................................................................................... 8

6.3.1 Basic concept (phase 2-1) ........................................................................................................................................ 8

6.3.2 Basic plan (phase 2-2) ........................................................................................................................................... ...... 8

6.3.3 Fundamental design (phase 2-3) ....................................................................................................................... 9

6.3.4 Tendering (phase 2-4) ........................................................................................................................................... ...10

6.3.5 Implementation design (phase 2-5) ............................................................................................................10

6.4 Construction and assessment (phase 3) ........................................................................................................................11

6.4.1 Manufacturing, construction and installation (phase 3-1) ......................................................11

6.4.2 Individual and combination tests and validation (phase 3-2) ..............................................11

6.4.3 Overall assessment of smart community infrastructures as a whole

(phase 3-3) .........................................................................................................................................................................12

6.5 Operation and maintenance (phase 4) ............................................................................................................................13

6.6 Redevelopment and rehabilitation (phase 5)............................................................................................................13

6.7 Decommissioning (phase 6) .....................................................................................................................................................13

7 Interactions of smart community infrastructure ............................................................................................................14

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................14

7.2 Interactions between infrastructures ..............................................................................................................................14

7.3 Interactions between infrastructures and stakeholders .................................................................................14

7.4 Interactions with external environment ........................................................................................................................14

8 General process for managing interactions and related opportunities and challenges.........14

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................14

8.2 Process overview ...............................................................................................................................................................................14

8.3 Action items in “design of target infrastructures” phase (item 2 in Figure 12) ...........................15

8.3.1 Identification of interactions ..............................................................................................................................15

8.3.2 Addressing interactions ..........................................................................................................................................15

8.3.3 Clarification of the responsibility for the opportunities and challenges ......................15

8.3.4 Action items in “construction and assessment” phase (item 3 in Figure 12) ..........15

8.4 Validation of measures and countermeasures .........................................................................................................15

9 Guidelines for managing interactions .........................................................................................................................................16

9.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................16

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ISO 37155-1:2020(E)

9.2 Smart community concept (phase 1-1) ..........................................................................................................................16

9.2.1 Recommendations for verification and validation ..........................................................................16

9.2.2 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................16

9.3 Basic concept (phase 2-1) ..........................................................................................................................................................16

9.3.1 Recommendations for verification ................................................................................................................16

9.3.2 Recommendations for validation ...................................................................................................................17

9.3.3 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................17

9.4 Basic plan (phase 2-2) ...................................................................................................................................................................17

9.4.1 Recommendations for verification ................................................................................................................17

9.4.2 Recommendations for validation ...................................................................................................................17

9.4.3 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................17

9.5 Fundamental design (phase 2-3) .........................................................................................................................................17

9.5.1 Recommendations for verification ................................................................................................................17

9.5.2 Recommendations for validation ...................................................................................................................18

9.5.3 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................18

9.6 Tendering (phase 2-4) ...................................................................................................................................................................18

9.6.1 Recommendations for verification ................................................................................................................18

9.6.2 Recommendations for validation ...................................................................................................................18

9.6.3 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................19

9.7 Implementation design (phase 2-5) ..................................................................................................................................19

9.7.1 Recommendations for verification ................................................................................................................19

9.7.2 Recommendations for validation ...................................................................................................................19

9.7.3 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................19

9.8 Manufacturing, construction and installation (phase 3-1) ............................................................................20

9.8.1 Recommendations for verification ................................................................................................................20

9.8.2 Recommendations for validation ...................................................................................................................20

9.8.3 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................20

9.9 Individual and combination tests and validation (phase 3-2) ....................................................................20

9.9.1 Recommendations for verification ................................................................................................................20

9.9.2 Recommendations for validation ...................................................................................................................20

9.9.3 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................20

9.10 Overall assessment and validation (phase 3-3) .......................................................................................................21

9.10.1 Recommendations for verification ................................................................................................................21

9.10.2 Recommendations for validation ...................................................................................................................21

9.10.3 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................21

9.11 Operation and maintenance (phase 4) ............................................................................................................................21

9.11.1 Recommendations for verification ................................................................................................................21

9.11.2 Recommendations for validation ...................................................................................................................22

9.11.3 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................22

9.12 Redevelopment and rehabilitation (phase 5)............................................................................................................22

9.12.1 Recommendations for verification and validation ..........................................................................22

9.12.2 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................22

9.13 Decommissioning (phase 6) .....................................................................................................................................................22

9.13.1 Recommendations for verification ................................................................................................................22

9.13.2 Recommendations for validation ...................................................................................................................23

9.13.3 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................23

iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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ISO 37155-1:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 268, Sustainable cities and communities,

Subcommittee SC 1, Smart community infrastructures.
A list of all parts in the ISO 37155 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
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ISO 37155-1:2020(E)
Introduction

Urban density is likely to increase for the foreseeable future, resulting in further urbanization

complexity. From this perspective, a “smart community” approach is an important tool for addressing

such urban challenges by integrating different forms of infrastructure in a rational and efficient manner.

An important aspect of a smart community is integrating infrastructures as “a system of systems”. In

addition, a smart community has various stakeholders, including users, and each smart community

infrastructure has extended scope life cycle (see Figure 1).

Until now it has not been possible to ensure consistency across infrastructure types to meet the

requirements for smart community infrastructures, as owners have focused on just assembling

solutions to each subsystem of infrastructures.

In order to ensure consistency of the specification of smart community infrastructures as a whole,

firstly the functions of each subsystem need to be clarified and arranged based on the needs of a smart

community. Secondly, the perspectives of various stakeholders and the life cycle of infrastructures

need to be considered.

To solve these issues and realize well-functioning smart community infrastructures as a whole,

infrastructure development and operation processes are expected to include a common framework, as

described in ISO/TR 37152, composed of three elements (see Figure 2):

— element (A): allocation of consistent specification requirements to each component of a system and

validation of the allocating procedures;

— element (B): specification requirements associated with interaction and adoption of adequate

measures into planning and operation;

— element (C): process to facilitate information sharing and communication among stakeholders.

On conducting a study, it was found that all stakeholders will benefit from applying this framework (see

Clause 5).

This document provides guidelines for realizing element (B), providing specification requirements to

manage interactions and to adopt adequate measures into planning and operation. Parts 2 and 3 in the

ISO 37155 series will be about elements (A) and (C), respectively. Should it be required, a guidelines

document will be developed to support Parts 1 to 3.
vi © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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ISO 37155-1:2020(E)

NOTE The infrastructures, stakeholders and life cycle phases pictured in this figure are only examples.

Other infrastructures, such as an urban agricultural system, could be included.
Figure 1 — Characteristics of a smart community infrastructure
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ISO 37155-1:2020(E)
Figure 2 — Three elements of the framework
viii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 37155-1:2020(E)
Framework for integration and operation of smart
community infrastructures —
Part 1:
Recommendations for considering opportunities and
challenges from interactions in smart community
infrastructures from relevant aspects through the life cycle
1 Scope

This document describes a framework (a set of processes and methodologies) for smart community

infrastructure interactions (interactions between multiple infrastructures, between infrastructures

and stakeholders, and between infrastructures and the external environment) to ensure that such

interactions are well identified and managed.

There are two potential use cases for this document. The first is for green field sites, where all the

smart community infrastructures can be designed and developed at the same time. This is of value to

planners and investors of major new infrastructure developments.

The second builds on the first and will support efficient management of an existing urban area by

taking into account the increasing interdependencies of the infrastructures on each other and the way

they should be managed as a system of systems. This document will also take into account accelerating

technological and environmental changes.

Since this framework is concerned with ensuring the consistency of different systems consisting of smart

community infrastructures, the scope does not overlap with any existing work or deliverables that have

been or are being developed by existing TCs addressing issues at individual infrastructure level.

NOTE This document describes a management case (not a management system), i.e. specific processes that

an organization needs to follow in order to meet specific objectives of this document.

2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
risk
effect of uncertainty on objectives

Note 1 to entry: An effect is a deviation from the expected – positive and/or negative.

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ISO 37155-1:2020(E)

Note 2 to entry: Objectives can have different aspects (such as financial, health and safety, and environmental

goals) and can apply at different levels (such as strategic, organization-wide, project, product and process).

Note 3 to entry: Risk is often characterized by reference to potential events and consequences, or a combination

of these.

Note 4 to entry: Risk is often expressed in terms of a combination of the consequences of an event (including

changes in circumstances) and the associated likelihood of occurrence.

Note 5 to entry: Uncertainty is the state, even partial, of deficiency of information related to understanding or

knowledge of an event, its consequences or likelihood.
[SOURCE: ISO 31000:2018, 3.1, modified — Notes to entry revised.]
3.2
verification

confirmation, through the provision of objective evidence, that specified requirements have been

fulfilled

Note 1 to entry: The objective evidence needed for a verification can be the result of an inspection or of other

forms of determination such as performing alternative calculations or reviewing documents.

Note 2 to entry: The activities carried out for verification are sometimes called a qualification process.

Note 3 to entry: The word “verified” is used to designate the corresponding status.

[SOURCE: ISO 9000:2015, 3.8.12]
3.3
validation

confirmation, through the provision of objective evidence, that the requirements for a specific intended

use or application have been fulfilled

Note 1 to entry: The objective evidence needed for a validation is the result of a test or other form of determination

such as performing alternative calculations or reviewing documents.

Note 2 to entry: The word “validated” is used to designate the corresponding status.

Note 3 to entry: The use conditions for validation can be real or simulated.
[SOURCE: ISO 9000:2015, 3.8.13]
3.4
developer

organization that is responsible for the development and operation of a smart community by organizing

smart community infrastructures (3.13) in whole or in part

Note 1 to entry: A developer may order operators (3.6) to operate and maintain smart community infrastructures.

Note 2 to entry: The roles in 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.10, 3.11 and 3.12 can sometimes be performed by a single organization.

EXAMPLE Private developer, municipality.
3.5
infrastructure owner
organization that owns community infrastructure that is, or could be, smart

Note 1 to entry: An infrastructure owner may order operators (3.6) to operate and maintain smart community

infrastructure (3.13).

Note 2 to entry: The roles in 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.10, 3.11 and 3.12 can sometimes be performed by a single organization.

EXAMPLE Owner of railway tracks, owner of sewage lines, municipality.
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ISO 37155-1:2020(E)
3.6
operator

organization that is responsible for operating and maintaining community infrastructure that is, or

could be, smart

Note 1 to entry: An operator may order service providers (3.7) to supply a part of or the whole smart community

infrastructure(s) (3.13).

Note 2 to entry: The roles in 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.10, 3.11 and 3.12 can sometimes be performed by a single organization.

Note 3 to entry: Service provider is included in operator. Operator includes service providers.

EXAMPLE Railway operator, power utilities.
3.7
service provider

organization that is responsible for supplying a part of or the whole smart community

infrastructure(s) (3.13)
EXAMPLE System integrator, component supplier, ICT vendor.
3.8
consultant

organization that consults, advises on or creates solutions, and assists developers (3.4), infrastructure

owners (3.5), operators (3.6), service providers (3.7), community authorities (3.9) or investors (3.11)

utilizing its expertise, through development, operation and maintenance of smart community

infrastructure (3.13)
EXAMPLE Civil engineering firm, urban design engineering firm.
3.9
community authority

organization that develops and maintains regulations to ensure safety, quality and other important

performances of smart community infrastructure (3.13)
EXAMPLE Governmental agency.
3.10
regulator
agency or orga
...

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