Smart community infrastructures -- Guidance on smart transportation with the use of digitally processed payment (d-payment)

This document provides guidance on how to organize and implement smart transportation by digitally processed payment (d-payment) in order to provide a safe, convenient payment method for citizens and city visitors in transportation and its related or additional services. This will additionally benefit operators managing fee receipt in transportation services and money transfer or transactions between these business operators and banks or settlement organizations. Smart transportation by d-payment is not intended to eliminate cash payment from transportation services but is helpful in organizing inter-operator, city, regional and national common ticket networks and providing trading services independent of local currencies.

Infrastructures urbaines intelligentes -- Recommandations pour le transport intelligent utilisant les paiements numériques

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
23-Sep-2020
Current Stage
5060 - Close of voting Proof returned by Secretariat
Start Date
18-Aug-2020
Completion Date
17-Aug-2020
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 37165
First edition
2020-09
Smart community infrastructures —
Guidance on smart transportation
with the use of digitally processed
payment (d-payment)
Infrastructures urbaines intelligentes — Recommandations pour le
transport intelligent utilisant les paiements numériques
Reference number
ISO 37165:2020(E)
ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 37165:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 37165:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Concept of smart transportation by d-payment................................................................................................................... 1

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4.2 Capability of d-payment in transportation ..................................................................................................................... 2

4.3 Satisfaction of SDGs ............................................................................................................................................................................ 2

5 Expectations for smart transportation by d-payment................................................................................................... 2

5.1 Background ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

5.1.1 Local services ...................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.1.2 International services .................................................................................................................................................. 2

5.1.3 Operators’ internal management ...................................................................................................................... 3

5.2 Customers who prefer d-payment ......................................................................................................................................... 3

5.3 D-payment effective business fields ..................................................................................................................................... 3

5.4 D-payment effective situations ................................................................................................................................................. 3

6 Features of d-payment .................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

7 Security of smart transportation by d-payment .................................................................................................................. 4

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

7.2 D-payment wallet security ............................................................................................................................................................ 4

8 Operation of smart transportation by d-payment ............................................................................................................. 5

9 Management of smart transportation by d-payment ..................................................................................................... 5

9.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

9.2 Security-trusted infrastructures for d-payment systems ................................................................................... 5

9.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

9.2.2 Credible service management modules ....................................................................................................... 5

9.2.3 Big data analysis centres ........................................................................................................................................... 5

9.2.4 Registration centres ...................................................................................................................................................... 6

9.2.5 Transaction communication modules ........................................................................................................... 6

9.2.6 Terminal application modules ............................................................................................................................. 6

10 Quality maintenance of smart transportation by d-payment ................................................................................ 6

10.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

10.2 Parameters to be observed ........................................................................................................................................................... 6

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 37165:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 268, Sustainable cities and communities,

Subcommittee SC 1, Smart community infrastructures.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 37165:2020(E)
Introduction

Each day a huge number of city residents and visitors use transportation services by paying fares for

every ride in and between cities. Fast ticket processing for these customers is required in order to avoid

congestion in ticket offices and at ticket vending machines. In some transportation services, operators

do not sell tickets but request that customers pay the exact fare as no change is given. Payment of

transportation fares is normally in local currencies, including hard currencies. International travellers

have to pay their travel costs in such currencies after having exchanged money in advance. Credit cards

are an option for payment but not all cards are accepted in some places, especially when paying small

amounts.

Thus, easy procedures for the payment of precise amounts are indispensable in city life and business

activities, including transportation rides. In transportation and its related or additional services,

customers have to pay many kinds of fees besides transportation fares. They want to pay in their

preferred ways, which can include a variety of options. Proper collection of fares or fees in an easy

way assists the business of transportation and leads to sustainable local services for citizens, since the

business is financially stabilized with reduced handling costs and the avoidance of fee receipt failure.

Digitally processed payment (d-payment) is a method of paying fees using a digital form of an existing

and circulated currency, which works like common coins and paper bills. The sums of fares or fees

collected in the services are extremely large, even though the amount paid by customers for each

transaction is small. Therefore, the payment system requires high security, not necessarily just for the

protection of customer payments but also to protect operators from, for example, theft by employees

who directly handle and manage cash.

This document describes the concept of d-payment in transportation and its related or additional

services, and its safe management and practical application thereof, which will be helpful to citizens

and city visitors using such services and beneficial to the service operators.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 37165:2020(E)
Smart community infrastructures — Guidance on smart
transportation with the use of digitally processed payment
(d-payment)
1 Scope

This document provides guidance on how to organize and implement smart transportation by digitally

processed payment (d-payment) in order to provide a safe, convenient payment method for citizens

and city visitors in transportation and its related or additional services. This will additionally benefit

operators managing fee receipt in transportation services and money transfer or transactions between

these business operators and banks or settlement organizations.

Smart transportation by d-payment is not intended to eliminate cash payment from transportation

services but is helpful in organizing inter-operator, city, regional and national common ticket networks

and providing trading services independent of local currencies.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
smart transportation by d-payment

transportation and its related or additional services in which payment is digitally processed

3.2
digitally processed payment
d-payment

currency forms operated, managed and controlled in mathematical algorithms like actual currencies

having circulation and trading functions, which are cashable or exchangeable for hard currencies

through transactions using digital wallets
3.3
d-payment wallet
digital account managed by using public-key cryptography
4 Concept of smart transportation by d-payment
4.1 General

Cash payment in transportation causes difficulties for both customers and operators. Operators have to

be prepared to receive cash that is not easy to manage, since coins and paper bills are heavy and take up

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 37165:2020(E)

space. Non-cash payment, typically with credit cards and pre-paid cards, is convenient for both. However,

even then customers have to hold these cards and not all card readers work with all types of card.

Thus, fast and simple payment procedures without cash or cards with limited applicability are needed,

especially when purchasing tickets at ticket offices and vending machines and when taking bus, tram

or ferry rides. In ticketing procedures, payment processes take time. Therefore, some operators

do not give change. Easy payment encourages citizens to take casual rides as people hesitate to use

transportation services over short distances when they don’t have the exact or small change. Pre-paid

cards were developed to provide customers with a means of non-cash payment, and the number of

passengers using these has increased. If payment can be digitally transacted independently of hard

currencies, including such cards, the result is pure non-cash
...

FINAL
INTERNATIONAL ISO/FDIS
DRAFT
STANDARD 37165
ISO/TC 268/SC 1
Smart community infrastructures —
Secretariat: JISC
Guidance on smart transportation
Voting begins on:
2020­06­22 with the use of digitally processed
payment (d-payment)
Voting terminates on:
2020­08­17
Infrastructures urbaines intelligentes — Recommandations pour le
transport intelligent utilisant les paiements numériques
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO­
ISO/FDIS 37165:2020(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN­
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 37165:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH­1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 37165:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Concept of smart transportation by d-payment................................................................................................................... 1

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4.2 Capability of d-payment in transportation ..................................................................................................................... 2

4.3 Satisfaction of SDGs ............................................................................................................................................................................ 2

5 Expectations for smart transportation by d-payment................................................................................................... 2

5.1 Background ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

5.1.1 Local services ...................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.1.2 International services .................................................................................................................................................. 2

5.1.3 Operators’ internal management ...................................................................................................................... 3

5.2 Customers who prefer d-payment ......................................................................................................................................... 3

5.3 D-payment effective business fields ..................................................................................................................................... 3

5.4 D-payment effective situations ................................................................................................................................................. 3

6 Features of d-payment .................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

7 Security of smart transportation by d-payment .................................................................................................................. 4

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

7.2 D-payment wallet security ............................................................................................................................................................ 4

8 Operation of smart transportation by d-payment ............................................................................................................. 5

9 Management of smart transportation by d-payment ..................................................................................................... 5

9.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

9.2 Security-trusted infrastructures for d-payment systems ................................................................................... 5

9.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

9.2.2 Credible service management modules ....................................................................................................... 5

9.2.3 Big data analysis centres ........................................................................................................................................... 5

9.2.4 Registration centres ...................................................................................................................................................... 6

9.2.5 Transaction communication modules ........................................................................................................... 6

9.2.6 Terminal application modules ............................................................................................................................. 6

10 Quality maintenance of smart transportation by d-payment ................................................................................ 6

10.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

10.2 Parameters to be observed ........................................................................................................................................................... 6

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 37165:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non­governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 268, Sustainable cities and communities,

Subcommittee SC 1, Smart community infrastructures.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 37165:2020(E)
Introduction

Each day a huge number of city residents and visitors use transportation services by paying fares for

every ride in and between cities. Fast ticket processing for these customers is required in order to avoid

congestion in ticket offices and at ticket vending machines. In some transportation services, operators

do not sell tickets but request that customers pay the exact fare as no change is given. Payment of

transportation fares is normally in local currencies, including hard currencies. International travellers

have to pay their travel costs in such currencies after having exchanged money in advance. Credit cards

are an option for payment but not all cards are accepted in some places, especially when paying small

amounts.

Thus, easy procedures for the payment of precise amounts are indispensable in city life and business

activities, including transportation rides. In transportation and its related or additional services,

customers have to pay many kinds of fees besides transportation fares. They want to pay in their

preferred ways, which can include a variety of options. Proper collection of fares or fees in an easy

way assists the business of transportation and leads to sustainable local services for citizens, since the

business is financially stabilized with reduced handling costs and the avoidance of fee receipt failure.

Digitally processed payment (d-payment) is a method of paying fees using a digital form of an existing

and circulated currency, which works like common coins and paper bills. The sums of fares or fees

collected in the services are extremely large, even though the amount paid by customers for each

transaction is small. Therefore, the payment system requires high security, not necessarily just for the

protection of customer payments but also to protect operators from, for example, theft by employees

who directly handle and manage cash.

This document describes the concept of d-payment in transportation and its related or additional

services, and its safe management and practical application thereof, which will be helpful to citizens

and city visitors using such services and beneficial to the service operators.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
FINAL DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/FDIS 37165:2020(E)
Smart community infrastructures — Guidance on smart
transportation with the use of digitally processed payment
(d-payment)
1 Scope

This document provides guidance on how to organize and implement smart transportation by digitally

processed payment (d-payment) in order to provide a safe, convenient payment method for citizens

and city visitors in transportation and its related or additional services. This will additionally benefit

operators managing fee receipt in transportation services and money transfer or transactions between

these business operators and banks or settlement organizations.

Smart transportation by d-payment is not intended to eliminate cash payment from transportation

services but is helpful in organizing inter-operator, city, regional and national common ticket networks

and providing trading services independent of local currencies.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
smart transportation by d-payment

transportation and its related or additional services in which payment is digitally processed

3.2
digitally processed payment
d-payment

currency forms operated, managed and controlled in mathematical algorithms like actual currencies

having circulation and trading functions, which are cashable or exchangeable for hard currencies

through transactions using digital wallets
3.3
d-payment wallet
digital account managed by using public-key cryptography
4 Concept of smart transportation by d-payment
4.1 General

Cash payment in transportation causes difficulties for both customers and operators. Operators have to

be prepared to receive cash that is not easy to manage, since coins and paper bills are heavy and take up

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 37165:2020(E)

space. Non-cash payment, typically with credit cards and pre-paid cards, is convenient for both. However,

even then customers have to hold these cards and not all card readers work with all types of card.

Thus, fast and simple payment procedures without cash or cards with limited applicability are needed,

especially when purchasing tickets at ticket offices and vending machines and when taking bus, tram

or ferry rides. In ticketing procedures, payment processes take time. Therefore, some operators

do not give change. Easy payment encourages citizens to take casual rides as people hesitate to use

transportation services over short distances when they don’t have the exact or small change. Pre-paid

cards
...

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