Personal flotation devices - Part 4: Lifejackets, performance level 100 - Safety requirements (ISO 12402-4:2020)

ISO 12402-4 specifies the safety requirements for lifejackets, performance level 100. It applies to lifejackets used by adults or children.

Persönliche Auftriebsmittel - Teil 4: Rettungswesten, Stufe 100 - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen (ISO 12402-4:2020)

Dieses Dokument legt die sicherheitstechnischen Anforderungen für Rettungswesten, Stufe 100, fest. Er gilt für Hochsee-Rettungswesten, die von Erwachsenen und Kindern bei extremen Bedingungen benutzt werden oder wenn Schutzkleidung oder zusätzliche Lasten getragen werden.

Équipements individuels de flottabilité - Partie 4: Gilets de sauvetage, niveau de performance 100 - Exigences de sécurité (ISO 12402-4:2020)

Le présent document spécifie les exigences de sécurité relatives aux gilets de sauvetage, niveau de performance 100. Il s'applique aux gilets de sauvetage utilisés par les adultes, les enfants ou les jeunes enfants, dans le cadre d'une utilisation dans des eaux abritées ou calmes, ou lorsque les utilisateurs sont entièrement vêtus.

Osebni plavajoči pripomočki - 4. del: Rešilni jopiči, lastnosti za nivo 100 - Varnostne zahteve (ISO 12402-4:2020)

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
09-Sep-2015
Publication Date
12-Oct-2020
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
24-Sep-2020
Due Date
29-Nov-2020
Completion Date
13-Oct-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 12402-4:2020
01-november-2020
Nadomešča:
SIST EN ISO 12402-4:2006
SIST EN ISO 12402-4:2006/A1:2010
Osebni plavajoči pripomočki - 4. del: Rešilni jopiči, lastnosti za nivo 100 -
Varnostne zahteve (ISO 12402-4:2020)
Personal flotation devices - Part 4: Lifejackets, performance level 100 - Safety
requirements (ISO 12402-4:2020)

Persönliche Auftriebsmittel - Teil 4: Rettungswesten, Stufe 100 - Sicherheitstechnische

Anforderungen (ISO 12402-4:2020)

Équipements individuels de flottabilité - Partie 4: Gilets de sauvetage, niveau de

performance 100 - Exigences de sécurité (ISO 12402-4:2020)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 12402-4:2020
ICS:
13.340.70 Rešilni jopiči, vzgonska Lifejackets, buoyancy aids
pomagala in plavajoči and floating devices
pripomočki
SIST EN ISO 12402-4:2020 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 12402-4:2020
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 12402-4:2020
EN ISO 12402-4
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
September 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.340.70 Supersedes EN ISO 12402-4:2006
English Version
Personal flotation devices - Part 4: Lifejackets,
performance level 100 - Safety requirements (ISO 12402-
4:2020)

Équipements individuels de flottabilité - Partie 4: Gilets Persönliche Auftriebsmittel - Teil 4: Rettungswesten,

de sauvetage, niveau de performance 100 - Exigences Stufe 100 - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen (ISO

de sécurité (ISO 12402-4:2020) 12402-4:2020)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 10 June 2019.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 12402-4:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 12402-4:2020
EN ISO 12402-4:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Regulation (EU) 2016/425 of the European Parliament and of the

Council of 9 March 2016 on personal protective equipment aimed to be covered................. 4

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 12402-4:2020
EN ISO 12402-4:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 12402-4:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 188 "Small

craft" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 162 “Protective clothing including hand and

arm protection and lifejackets” the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2021, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by March 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 12402-4:2006.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For the relationship with EU Directive(s) see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 12402-4:2020 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 12402-4:2020 without any

modification.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 12402-4:2020
EN ISO 12402-4:2020 (E)
Annex ZA
(informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the essential
requirements of Regulation (EU) 2016/425 of the European Parliament and
of the Council of 9 March 2016 on personal protective equipment aimed to
be covered

This European Standard has been prepared under a Commission's standardization request to provide

one voluntary means of conforming to essential requirements of Regulation (EU) 2016/425 of the

European Parliament and of the Council of 9 March 2016 on personal protective equipment.

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Regulation

(EU) 2016/425, compliance with the normative clauses of this standard given in Table ZA.1 confers,

within the limits of the scope of this standard, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding

essential requirements of that Regulation (EU) 2016/425 and associated EFTA regulations.

Table ZA.1 — Correspondence between this European Standard and Regulation (EU) 2016/425

Essential Requirements of Regulation (EU) Clause(s)/sub-clause(s) of Remarks/
2016/425 this EN Notes
1.1.1 Ergonomics 5.6
1.1.2.1 Optimum level of protection 5.6
1.1.2.2 Classes of protection appropriate to 4.2
different levels of risk
1.2.1 Absence of inherent risks and other 5.1.2; 5.1.3; 5.1.5; 5.1.7; 5.2;
nuisance factors 5.3.1.1; 5.3.1.2; 5.3.2.2;
5.3.2.3; 5.3.4.3; 5.3.4.4;
5.6.1.4; 5.6.1.7; 5.6.1.8;
5.6.1.9; 5.6.1.10; 5.6.1.11
1.2.1.1 Suitable constituent materials 5.1
1.2.1.2 Satisfactory surface condition of all PPE 5.1
parts in contact with the user
1.2.1.3 Maximum permissible user impediment 5.6.1.3
1.3.1 Adaption of PPE to user morphology 5.6.2
1.3.2 Lightness and design strength 5.3.2.1; 5.3.3.1; 5.5; 5.6.1.6
1.4 Manufacturer's instructions and 5.1.6; 5.3.4.1; 6.2; 7; 8
information
2.1 PPE incorporating adjustment systems 5.1.3
2.4 PPE subject to ageing 6.2 l)
2.8 PPE for intervention in very dangerous 5.1.4
situations
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 12402-4:2020
EN ISO 12402-4:2020 (E)
Essential Requirements of Regulation (EU) Clause(s)/sub-clause(s) of Remarks/
2016/425 this EN Notes
2.12 PPE bearing one or more identification 6
markings or indicators directly or
indirectly relating to health and safety
2.13 PPE capable of signalling the user's 5.4
presence visually
3.4.1 Prevention of drowning 5.1.2; 5.2; 5.3.1.1; 5.3.2.2;
5.3.4.2; 5.3.4.4; 5.6.3; 5.7

WARNING 1 — Presumption of conformity stays valid only as long as a reference to this European

Standard is maintained in the list published in the Official Journal of the European Union. Users of this

standard should consult frequently the latest list published in the Official Journal of the European

Union.

WARNING 2 — Other Union legislation may be applicable to the product(s) falling within the scope of

this standard.
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SIST EN ISO 12402-4:2020
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 12402-4:2020
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 12402-4
Second edition
2020-07
Personal flotation devices —
Part 4:
Lifejackets, performance level 100 —
Safety requirements
Équipements individuels de flottabilité —
Partie 4: Gilets de sauvetage, niveau de performance 100 — Exigences
de sécurité
Reference number
ISO 12402-4:2020(E)
ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 12402-4:2020
ISO 12402-4:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 12402-4:2020
ISO 12402-4:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Classification of PFDs ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.1 Classes ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

4.1.1 Buoyancy aids ..................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.1.2 Lifejackets .............................................................................................................................................................................. 4

4.1.3 Special application PFDs ........................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2 Performance levels .............................................................................................................................................................................. 5

4.2.1 Level 50 .................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.2.2 Level 100................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

4.2.3 Level 150................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

4.2.4 Level 275................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

5 Requirements .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.1.1 Materials and components ...................................................................................................................................... 6

5.1.2 Means of inflation .................. .................................................... ...................................................................................... 6

5.1.3 Body strap and lacing ends requirements ................................................................................................. 7

5.1.4 Inflation status indicators ........................................................................................................................................ 7

5.1.5 Ride-up prevention system ..................................................................................................................................... 7

5.1.6 Rearming and repacking information ........................................................................................................... 7

5.1.7 Oral inflation ........................................................................................................................................................................ 7

5.1.8 Magnetic properties ...................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.2 Combination of lifejackets and accessories .................................................................................................................... 7

5.3 Types of buoyancy ......... ....................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.3.2 Inflatable buoyancy chambers ............................................................................................................................. 8

5.3.3 Inherently buoyant material .................................................................................................................................. 9

5.3.4 Total buoyancy provided .......................................................................................................................................... 9

5.4 Conspicuousness ................................................................................................................................................................................10

5.4.1 Colour .....................................................................................................................................................................................10

5.4.2 Retroreflective material ..........................................................................................................................................10

5.5 Strength ......................................................................................................................................................................................................10

5.6 Performance ...........................................................................................................................................................................................11

5.6.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................11

5.6.2 Donning, adjustment and fit ...............................................................................................................................12

5.6.3 In-water performance ..............................................................................................................................................12

5.7 Multi-chamber buoyancy systems ......................................................................................................................................13

6 Marking .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................13

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................13

6.2 Information on the lifejacket ...................................................................................................................................................14

7 Information supplied by the manufacturer ..........................................................................................................................15

8 Consumer information at point of sale ......................................................................................................................................16

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................16

8.2 Plain text version................................................................................................................................................................................16

8.3 Data list .......................................................................................................................................................................................................18

8.4 Marking information .......................................................................................................................................................................19

8.5 Colour-code .............................................................................................................................................................................................19

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................21

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 12402-4:2020
ISO 12402-4:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 188, Small craft, Subcommittee SC 1,

Personal safety equipment.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 12402-4:2006), which has been

technically revised. It also incorporates the Amendment ISO 12402-4:2006/Amd. 1:2010.

The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:
a) new terms and definitions added;
b) level 50 was modified (see 4.2.1);
c) general requirements were modified (see 5.1);
d) requirements for lifting loops were moved to ISO 12402-8:2020;

e) requirement for different types of buoyancy were modified (see 5.3 and Table 2);

f) requirements on strength were added (see 5.5);
g) requirements on performance were modified (see 5.6).
A list of all parts in the ISO 12402 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 12402-4:2020
ISO 12402-4:2020(E)
Introduction

ISO 12402 (all parts):2020 deals with personal floatation devices (PFDs) for persons engaged in

activities, whether in relation to their work or their leisure, in or near water. PFDs manufactured,

selected, and maintained to this International Standard give a reasonable assurance of safety from

drowning to a person who is immersed in water. ISO 12402 (all parts):2020 does not include the

following:

— requirements for lifejackets on seagoing ships, which are regulated by the International Maritime

Organization (IMO) under the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS);

— throwable devices and flotation cushions.

ISO 12402 (all parts):2020 allows for the buoyancy of a PFD to be provided by a variety of materials or

designs, some of which can require preparation before entering the water (e.g. inflation of chambers by

gas from a cylinder or blown in orally). PFDs can be divided into the following two main classes:

— those which provide face up in-water support to the user regardless of physical conditions

(lifejackets), and

— those which require the user to make swimming and other postural movements to position the user

with the face out of the water (buoyancy aids).

Within these main two classes there are a number of levels of support, types of buoyancy, activation

methods for inflatable devices, and auxiliary items (such as location aids), which all affect the user‘s

probability of survival. Within the different types of buoyancy allowed, inflatable PFDs either provide

full buoyancy without any user intervention other than arming (i.e. PFDs inflated by a fully automatic

method) or require the user to initiate the inflation. Hybrid PFDs always provide some buoyancy but

rely on the same methods as inflatable PFDs to achieve full buoyancy. With inherently buoyant PFDs,

the user only needs to put the PFD on to achieve the performance of its class.

PFDs that do not require intervention (automatically operating PFDs) are suited to activities where

persons are likely to enter the water unexpectedly; whereas PFDs requiring intervention (e.g. manually

inflated PFDs) are only suitable for use if the user believes there will be sufficient time to produce

full buoyancy, if automatic operation would result in entrapment, or if help is close at hand. In every

circumstance, the user should ensure that the operation of the PFD is suited to the specific application.

The conformity of a PFD to this part of the ISO 12402 series: 2020 does not imply that it is suitable for

all circumstances. The relative amount of required inspection and maintenance is another factor of

paramount importance in the choice and application of specific PFDs.

ISO 12402 (all parts):2020 is intended to serve as a guide to manufacturers, purchasers, and users of

such safety equipment in ensuring that the equipment provides an effective standard of performance in

use. Equally essential is the need for the designer to encourage the wearing of the equipment by making

it comfortable and attractive for continuous wear on or near water, rather than for it to be stored in

a locker for emergency use. The primary function of a PFD is to support the user in reasonable safety

in the water. Within the two classes, alternative attributes make some PFDs better suited to some

circumstances than others or make them easier to use and care for than others. Important alternatives

provided by ISO 12402 (all parts):2020 are the following:

— to provide higher levels of support (levels 100, 150, or 275) that generally float the user with greater

water clearance, when required for increasingly severe conditions; or to provide lighter or less

bulky PFDs (levels 50 or 100);

— to provide the kinds of flotation (inherently buoyant foam, hybrid, and inflatable) that

accommodate the sometimes conflicting needs of reliability and durability, in-water performance,

and continuous wear;

1) The International Maritime Organization (IMO) is an institution with domicile in London issuing regulations

which are then published as laws by its Member States.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 12402-4:2020
ISO 12402-4:2020(E)

— to provide automatically operating (inherently buoyant or automatically inflated) PFDs that float

users without any intervention on their part, except in initially donning the PFD (and regular

inspection and rearming of inflatable types), or to provide user control of the inflatable PFDs

buoyancy by manual and oral operation; and
— to assist in detection (location aids) and recovery of the user.

PFDs provide various degrees of buoyancy in garments that are light in weight and only as bulky and

restrictive as needed for their intended use. They need to be secure when worn, in order to provide

positive support in the water and to allow users to swim or actively assist themselves or others. The

PFD selected ensures that the user is supported with the mouth and nose clear of the water under the

expected conditions of use and the user’s ability to assist.

Under certain conditions (such as rough water and waves), the use of watertight and multilayer clothing

which provide (intentionally or otherwise) additional buoyancy or the use of equipment with additional

weight (such as tool belts) can alter the performance of the PFD. Users, owners and employers need to

ensure that this is taken into account when selecting a PFD. Similarly, it is possible that PFDs do not

perform as well in extremes of temperature, although meeting ISO 12402 (all parts):2020 requirements.

PFDs can also be affected by other conditions of use, such as chemical exposure and welding, and can

require additional protection to meet the specific requirements of use. Taking a PFD into such conditions

necessitates the assurance that the PFD will not be adversely affected. ISO 12402 (all parts):2020 also

allows a PFD to be an integral part of a safety harness designed to conform to ISO 12401:2009, or an

integral part of a garment with other uses, for example to provide thermal protection during immersion,

in which case the complete assembly as used is expected to conform to ISO 12402 (all parts):2020.

In compiling the attributes required of a PFD, consideration has also been given to the potential length

of service that the user might expect. Whilst a PFD needs to be of substantial construction and material,

its potential length of service often depends on the conditions of use and storage, which are the

responsibility of the owner, user and/or employer. Furthermore, whilst the performance tests included

are believed to assess relevant aspects of performance in real-life use, they do not accurately simulate

all conditions of use. For example, the fact that a device passes the self-righting tests in swimming attire,

as described herein, does no
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN ISO 12402-4:2015
01-september-2015

2VHEQLSODYDMRþLSULSRPRþNL5HãLOQLMRSLþL]DKWHYDQHODVWQRVWLGHO9DUQRVWQH

]DKWHYH]DVWRSQMR ,62',6
Personal flotation devices - Lifejackets, performance - Part 4: Level 100 Safety
requirements (ISO/DIS 12402-4:2015)

Persönliche Auftriebsmittel - Rettungswesten, Stufe 100 - Teil 4: Sicherheitstechnische

Anforderungen (ISO/DIS 12402-4:2015)

Équipements individuels de flottabilité - Gilets de sauvetage, niveau de performance 100

- Partie 4 : Exigences de sécurité (ISO/DIS 12402-4:2015)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN ISO 12402-4
ICS:
13.340.70 5HãLOQLMRSLþLY]JRQVND Lifejackets, buoyancy aids
SRPDJDODLQSODYDMRþL and floating devices
SULSRPRþNL
oSIST prEN ISO 12402-4:2015 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 12402-4:2015
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 12402-4:2015
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD
ISO/DIS 12402-4
ISO/TC 188/SC 1 Secretariat: DIN
Voting begins on: Voting terminates on:
2015-06-11 2015-09-11
Personal flotation devices —
Part 4:
Lifejackets, performance level 100 — Safety requirements
Équipements individuels de flottabilité —
Partie 4: Gilets de sauvetage, niveau de performance 100 — Exigences de sécurité
ICS: 13.340.70
ISO/CEN PARALLEL PROCESSING
This draft has been developed within the International Organization for
Standardization (ISO), and processed under the ISO lead mode of collaboration
as defined in the Vienna Agreement.
This draft is hereby submitted to the ISO member bodies and to the CEN member
bodies for a parallel five month enquiry.

Should this draft be accepted, a final draft, established on the basis of comments

received, will be submitted to a parallel two-month approval vote in ISO and
THIS DOCUMENT IS A DRAFT CIRCULATED
formal vote in CEN.
FOR COMMENT AND APPROVAL. IT IS
THEREFORE SUBJECT TO CHANGE AND MAY
NOT BE REFERRED TO AS AN INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD UNTIL PUBLISHED AS SUCH.
To expedite distribution, this document is circulated as received from the
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
committee secretariat. ISO Central Secretariat work of editing and text
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL,
composition will be undertaken at publication stage.
TECHNOLOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND
USER PURPOSES, DRAFT INTERNATIONAL
STANDARDS MAY ON OCCASION HAVE TO
BE CONSIDERED IN THE LIGHT OF THEIR
POTENTIAL TO BECOME STANDARDS TO
WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
Reference number
NATIONAL REGULATIONS.
ISO/DIS 12402-4:2015(E)
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED
TO SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS,
NOTIFICATION OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT
RIGHTS OF WHICH THEY ARE AWARE AND TO
PROVIDE SUPPORTING DOCUMENTATION. ISO 2015
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 12402-4:2015
ISO/DIS 12402-4:2015(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2015

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 12402-4:2015
ISO/DIS 12402-4
Contents Page

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. v

Introduction ....................................................................................................................................................... vii

1 Scope ...................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................ 1

3 Terms and definitions ........................................................................................................................... 1

4 Classification ......................................................................................................................................... 4

4.1 Classes ................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.1.1 Buoyancy Aids ....................................................................................................................................... 4

4.1.2 Lifejackets .............................................................................................................................................. 4

4.1.3 Special purpose devices....................................................................................................................... 4

4.2 Performance levels ................................................................................................................................ 5

4.2.1 Level 50 .................................................................................................................................................. 5

4.2.2 Level 100 ................................................................................................................................................ 5

4.2.3 Level 150 ................................................................................................................................................ 5

4.2.4 Level 275 ................................................................................................................................................ 5

5 Requirements ......................................................................................................................................... 5

5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.1.1 Materials and Components................................................................................................................... 5

5.1.2 Primary means of inflation ................................................................................................................... 6

5.1.3 Test Panel ............................................................................................................................................... 6

5.1.4 Body Strap and Lacing ends requirements ........................................................................................ 6

5.1.5 Cylinder Seal Indication requirements ................................................................................................ 7

5.1.6 Secondary Donning ............................................................................................................................... 7

5.2 Combination of lifejackets and accessories....................................................................................... 7

5.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.3 Types of buoyancy ................................................................................................................................ 7

5.3.1 General ................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.3.2 Inflatable buoyancy chambers ............................................................................................................. 8

5.3.3 Total buoyancy provided ...................................................................................................................... 8

5.4 Conspicuousness .................................................................................................................................. 9

5.4.1 Colour ..................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.4.2 Retroreflective material......................................................................................................................... 9

5.5 Strength .................................................................................................................................................. 9

5.6 Performance ........................................................................................................................................... 9

5.6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.6.2 Donning, adjustment and fit ............................................................................................................... 10

5.6.3 In-water performance .......................................................................................................................... 10

5.7 Multi-chamber buoyancy systems ..................................................................................................... 11

6 Marking ................................................................................................................................................. 11

6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 11

6.2 Information on the lifejacket .............................................................................................................. 11

7 Information supplied by the manufacturer ....................................................................................... 13

8 Consumer information at point of sale ............................................................................................. 14

8.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 14

8.2 Plain text version ................................................................................................................................. 14

8.3 Data list ................................................................................................................................................. 16

8.4 Pictograms ........................................................................................................................................... 17

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8.5 Colour-code ..........................................................................................................................................17

Bibliography ......................................................................................................................................................18

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Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 12402-4 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 188, Small craft, Subcommittee SC 1, Personal

safety Equipment.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 12402-4:2006, ISO 12402-4:2006/A.1:2010), of

which have been technically revised. The main changes with respect to the previous edition are listed below:

a) Term "bunching" was added (see 3.19 );
b) Level 50 was modified (see 4.2.1 ;
c) General requirements were modified (see 5.1);
d) Requirements for lifting loops were moved to part 8;

e) Requirement for different types of buoyancy were modified (see 5.3 and Table 2);

f) Requirements on inherently buoyant material was deleted;
g) Requirements on strength were added (see 5.5);
h) Requirements on performance were modified (see 5.6).
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ISO 12402 consists of the following parts, under the general title Personal flotation devices:

⎯ Part 2: Lifejackets, performance level 275 - Safety requirements;
⎯ Part 3: Lifejackets, performance level 150 - Safety requirements;
⎯ Part 4: Lifejackets, performance level 100 - Safety requirements;
⎯ Part 5: Buoyancy aids (level 50) - Safety requirements;

⎯ Part 6: Special purpose lifejackets and buoyancy aids - Safety requirements and additional test methods;

⎯ Part 7: Materials and components - Safety requirements and test methods;
⎯ Part 8: Safety requirements and test methods;
⎯ Part 9: Test methods;

⎯ Part 10: Selection and application of personal flotation devices and other relevant devices.

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Introduction

This part of ISO 12402 specifies the safety requirements for Personal Floatation Device (PFD) for persons

engaged in activities, whether in relation to their work or their leisure in or near water. PFDs manufactured,

selected, and maintained to this standard should give a reasonable assurance of safety from drowning to a

person who is immersed in water.

Requirements for lifejackets on large, commercial seagoing ships are regulated by the International Maritime

Organization (IMO) under the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS).

ISO 12402 allows for the buoyancy of a PFD to be provided by a wide variety of materials or designs, some of

which may require preparation before entering the water (e.g. inflation of chambers by gas from a cylinder or

blown in orally). However, PFDs can be divided into the following two main classes:

⎯ those which provide face up in-water support to the user regardless of physical conditions (lifejackets),

and

⎯ those which require the user to make swimming and other postural movements to position the user with

the face out of the water (buoyancy aids).

Within these main two classes there are a number of levels of support, types of buoyancy, activation methods

for inflatable devices, and auxiliary items (such as location aids), all of which will affect the user‘s probability of

survival. Within the different types of buoyancy allowed, inflatable PFDs either provide full buoyancy without

any user intervention other than arming (i.e. PFDs inflated by a fully automatic method) or require the user to

initiate the inflation. Hybrid PFDs always provide some buoyancy but rely on the same methods as inflatable

PFDs to achieve full buoyancy. With inherently buoyant PFDs, the user only needs to put the PFD on to

achieve the performance of its class.

PFDs that do not require intervention (automatically operating PFDs) are suited to activities where persons

are likely to enter the water unexpectedly; whereas PFDs requiring intervention (e.g. manually inflated PFDs)

are only suitable for use if the user believes there will be sufficient time to produce full buoyancy, or help is

close at hand. In every circumstance, the user should ensure that the operation of the PFD is suited to the

specific application. The conformity of a PFD to this part of ISO 12402 does not imply that it is suitable for all

circumstances. The relative amount of required inspection and maintenance is another factor of paramount

importance in the choice and application of specific PFDs.

ISO 12402 is intended to serve as a guide to manufacturers, purchasers, and users of such safety equipment

in ensuring that the equipment provides an effective standard of performance in use. Equally essential is the

need for the designer to encourage the wearing of the equipment by making it comfortable and attractive for

continuous wear on or near water, rather than for it to be stored in a locker for emergency use. Throwable

devices and flotation cushions are not covered by this part of ISO 12402. The primary function of a PFD is to

support the user in reasonable safety in the water. Within the two classes, alternative attributes make some

PFDs better suited to some circumstances than others or make them easier to use and care for than others.

Important alternatives allowed by ISO 12402 are the following:

⎯ to provide higher levels of support (levels 100, 150, or 275) that generally float the user with greater water

clearance, enabling the user’s efforts to be expended in recovery rather than avoiding waves; or to

provide lighter or less bulky PFDs (levels 50 or 100);

⎯ to provide the kinds of flotation (inherently buoyant foam, hybrid, and inflatable) that will accommodate

the sometimes conflicting needs of reliability and durability, in-water performance, and continuous wear;

⎯ to provide automatically operating (inherently buoyant or automatically inflated) PFDs that float users

without any intervention on their part, except in initially donning the PFD (and regular inspection and

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rearming of inflatable types), or to provide user control of the inflatable PFD’s buoyancy by manual and

oral operation; and
⎯ to assist in detection (location aids) and recovery of the user.

PFDs provide various degrees of buoyancy in garments that are light in weight and only as bulky and

restrictive as needed for their intended use. They will need to be secure when worn, in order to provide

positive support in the water and to allow the user to swim or actively assist herself/himself or others. The PFD

selected shall ensure that the user is supported with the mouth and nose clear of the water under the

expected conditions of use and the user’s ability to assist.

Under certain conditions (such as rough water and waves), the use of watertight and multilayer clothing, which

provide (intentionally or otherwise) additional buoyancy, or the use of equipment with additional weight (such

as tool belts) will likely alter the performance of the PFD. Users, owners and employers need to ensure that

this is taken into account when selecting a PFD. Similarly, PFDs may not perform as well in extremes of

temperature, although fully approved under this part of ISO 12402. PFDs may also be affected by other

conditions of use, such as chemical exposure and welding, and may require additional protection to meet the

specific requirements of use. If the user intends taking a PFD into such conditions, she/he has to be assured

that the PFD will not be adversely affected. This part of ISO 12402 also allows a PFD to be an integral part of

a safety harness designed to conform to ISO 12401, or an integral part of a garment with other uses, for

example to provide thermal protection during immersion, in which case the complete assembly as used is

required to conform to this part of ISO 12402.

In compiling the attributes required of a PFD, consideration has also been given to the potential length of

service that the user might expect. Whilst a PFD needs to be of substantial construction and material, its

potential length of service often depends on the conditions of use and storage, which are the responsibility of

the owner, user and/or employer. Furthermore, whilst the performance tests included are believed to assess

relevant aspects of performance in real-life use, they do not accurately simulate all conditions of use. For

example, the fact that a device passes the self-righting tests in swimming attire, as described herein, does not

guarantee that it will self-right an unconscious user wearing clothing; neither can it be expected to completely

protect the airway of an unconscious person in rough water. Waterproof clothing can trap air and further

impair the self-righting action of a lifejacket.

It is essential that owners, users and employers choose those PFDs that meet the correct standards for the

circumstances in which they will be used. Manufacturers and those selling PFDs have to make clear to

prospective purchasers the product properties, alternative choices and the limitations to normal use, prior to

the purchase.

Similarly, those framing legislation regarding the use of these garments should consider carefully which class

and performance levels are most appropriate for the foreseeable conditions of use, allowing for the higher risk

circumstances. These higher risk circumstances should account for the highest probabilities of occurrence of

accidental immersion and the expected consequences in such emergencies. More information on the

selection and application is given in ISO 12402-10.
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DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/DIS 12402-4
Personal flotation devices — Part 4: Lifejackets, performance
level 100 - Safety requirements
1 Scope

This part of ISO 12402 specifies the safety requirements for lifejackets, performance level 100. It applies to

lifejackets used by adults, children and infants.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO/DIS 12402--5:2015, Personal flotation devices — Part 5: Buoyancy aids (level 50) — Safety requirements

ISO/DIS 12402-7:2015, Personal flotation devices — Part 7: Materials and components — Safety

requirements and test methods

ISO/DIS 12402-8:2015, Personal flotation devices — Part 8: Accessories — Safety requirements and test

methods
ISO/DIS 12402-9:2015, Personal flotation devices — Part 9: Test methods

IMO Resolution A.658 (16), Use and fitting of retro-reflective materials on life-saving appliances, International

Maritime Organization
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
personal flotation device
PFD

garment or device which, when correctly worn and used in water, will provide the user with a specific amount

of buoyancy which will increase the likelihood of survival
3.2
inherently buoyant material
material which is permanently less dense than water

1) IMO is an institution with domicile in London issuing regulations which are then published as laws by its Member

States.
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3.3
automatically inflated PFD

PFD in which inflation is effected as a result of immersion without the user carrying out any action at the time

of immersion
3.4
manually inflated PFD
PFD in which inflation is effected as a result of the user operating a mechanism
3.5
orally inflated PFD
PFD inflated by mouth to produce buoyancy
3.6
PFD with secondary donning

PFD for which additional donning or adjustment is needed to place the PFD in its functioning position from the

position it is normally worn

Note 1 to entry: Pouch-type devices are examples of the type of PFDs which usually require such additional

positioning.
3.7
vest-type PFD
PFD covering the upper trunk of the user like a vest
3.8
yoke-type PFD
PFD in a style worn around the back of the neck and secured by a waist strap
3.9
emergency position indicating light
device which emits light so as to increase the chances of a user being located
3.10
multi-chamber buoyancy system

PFD with buoyancy to meet the applicable PFD performance requirement provided by multiple sources

including, for example, devices with two or more independent inflatable chambers or hybrids, for which each

chamber independently provides at least the in-water performance conforming to ISO 12402-5

Note 1 to entry: This excludes supplemental inflation chambers.
3.11
deck safety harness and safety line

device that allows a user to be securely attached to a strong point on a vessel or on shore, so as to prevent

him from falling into the water, or, if he does fall into the water, to prevent him from being separated from the

vessel or shore
3.12
buddy line

length of cord which can be tied or otherwise fixed to another person or to that person's PFD or other objects,

so as to keep a user in the vicinity of that person or object with a view to making location and thus rescue

easier
3.13
lifting loop
device which facilitates manual recovery of a person from water
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3.14
sprayhood

cover brought or placed in front of the airways of a user in order to reduce or eliminate the splashing of water

from waves or the like onto the airways, and thereby promoting the survival of the user in rough water

conditions
3.15
protective cover

cover that is normally in place over the functional elements of a PFD in order to protect them from physical

damage, or snagging on external objects

Note 1 to entry: The protective cover may be designed to provide additional properties, i.e. to make the PFDs suitable

for use when the subject is exposed to additional hazards, e.g. significant abrasion, molten metal splash, flame and fire.

Note 2 to entry: The inflatable chamber of an inflatable PFD is an example of a functional element.

3.16
overpressure relief valve

valve which may be used in an inflatable system to avoid the likelihood of destruction caused by overpressure

3.17
whistle

device which, when blown by mouth, produces an audible sound which can aid in the location of the user

3.18
hybrid-type PFD
PFD of combined buoyancy types, i.e. inherent and inflatable
3.19 bunching

curling or folding of internal buoyant material upon itself, from its original position, within the envelope

3.20
sheltered waters

water with protection from significant breaking waves, current, or strong winds, where the possibility of being

blown or carried away from shore or place of safety is minimal
3.21
offshore

water that is unprotected and influenced by a variety of threat conditions such as waves, tide, currents, or

wind, which may be at sea or on inland waters
3.22
primary means of inflation

means of inflating an inflation chamber that meets the applicable PFD performance requirements and that

requires the least amount of intervention by the user, generally according to the following order of precedence:

automatic (easiest), manual (second), and oral (most difficult)
3.23
secondary means of inflation
alternate method of inflation which is provided in case the primary system fails
3.24
primary inflation chamber(s)

inflation chamber(s) associated with the primary inflation system that alone meets the applicable PFD

performance requirements and provides the greatest in-water performance and ease of use

3.25
back-up inflation chamber(s)

inflation chamber(s) other than the primary chamber(s) that, when used alone, alone provides at least in-water

performance conforming to the relevant part in case the primary inflation chamber fails to function

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3.26
supplemental inflation chamber(s)

inflation chamber(s) other than a primary or back-up chamber that is intended for deployment after

stabilization in the water, and provides enhanced features such as splash protection, higher freeboard,

improved head support, additional stability, location detection, etc.
3.27
adult PFD
PFD intended for users with a mass greater than (or equal to) 40 kg
3.28
child lifejacket

lifejacket intended for users with a mass greater than (or equal to) 15 kg and less than 40 kg

3.29
child buoyancy aid

buoyancy aid intended for users with a mass greater than (or equal to) 25 kg and less than 40 kg

3.30
str
...

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