Protective clothing - Enhanced visibility equipment for medium risk situations - Test methods and requirements

This Standard specifies the optical performance requirements for high-visibilty clothing to be worn by adults and by juveniles, and designed for non-professional use. High-visibility clothing for non-professional use is intended to signal the user's presence visually in any daylight condition and, when illuminated by vehicle headlights or search lights in the dark as well as lit up in urban roads.  This standard is not applicable to accessories to be carried by persons or attached to garments.

Schutzkleidung - Erhöhte Sichtbarkeit für mittlere Risikosituationen - Prüfverfahren und Anforderungen

Das Dokument legt die Anforderungen an die Ausstattung zur besseren Sichtbarkeit in Form von Kleidungsstücken oder Produkten fest, die in der Lage sind, die Anwesenheit des Trägers visuell zu signalisieren.
Die Ausstattung zur besseren Sichtbarkeit ist dafür vorgesehen, dem Träger in Situationen mit mittlerem Risiko bei allen Tageslichtverhältnissen und/oder beim Anstrahlen mit Fahrzeugscheinwerfern oder Suchscheinwerfern in der Dunkelheit Auffälligkeit zu verleihen.
Es sind Leistungsanforderungen an die Farbe und die Retroreflexion sowie an die Mindestflächen und die Anordnung der Materialien in der Schutzausrüstung enthalten.
Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für:
— hochsichtbare Ausstattung in Situationen mit hohem Risiko, die in EN ISO 20471 behandelt wird (hinsichtlich weiterführender Informationen bezüglich der Risikosituationen siehe Anhang A);
— sichtbare Ausstattung, die speziell für den Kopf, die Hände und Füße vorgesehen ist, z. B. Helme, Handschuhe und Schuhwerk;
— Ausstattung mit integrierter aktiver Beleuchtung, z. B. LED.

Habillement de protection - Équipement de visualisation améliorée pour des situations à risque modéré - Méthodes d’essai et exigences

Le présent document spécifie les exigences relatives aux équipements de visualisation améliorée sous forme de vêtements ou de dispositifs capables de signaler visuellement la présence de l’utilisateur.
Les équipements de visualisation améliorée sont destinés à rendre leurs utilisateurs plus perceptibles visuellement dans des situations de risque modéré quelles que soient les conditions de lumière du jour ou d’éclairage par des phares de véhicule ou des projecteurs dans l’obscurité.
Les exigences de performances sont indiquées pour la couleur et la rétroréflexion ainsi que pour les surfaces minimales et le positionnement des matières utilisées sur l’équipement de protection.
Le présent document ne s’applique pas aux :
 équipements à haute visibilité dans les situations à haut risque qui sont couverts par l’EN ISO 20471 (pour plus d’informations sur les situations à risque, voir l’Annexe A) ;
 équipements de visualisation spécifiquement destinés à la tête, aux mains et aux pieds comme les casques, les gants et les chaussures ;
 équipements qui intègrent des éclairages actifs, par exemple des diodes électroluminescentes (DEL).

Varovalna obleka - Oprema z izboljšano vidljivostjo za razmere s srednjim tveganjem - Preskusne metode in zahteve

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
04-Jul-2019
Publication Date
11-Oct-2020
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
25-Aug-2020
Due Date
30-Oct-2020
Completion Date
12-Oct-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 17353:2020
01-november-2020
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 1150:1999
SIST EN 13356:2001
Varovalna obleka - Oprema z izboljšano vidljivostjo za razmere s srednjim
tveganjem - Preskusne metode in zahteve

Protective clothing - Enhanced visibility equipment for medium risk situations - Test

methods and requirements

Schutzkleidung - Erhöhte Sichtbarkeit für mittlere Risikosituationen - Prüfverfahren und

Anforderungen

Habillement de protection - Équipement de visualisation améliorée pour des situations à

risque modéré - Méthodes d’essai et exigences
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 17353:2020
ICS:
13.340.10 Varovalna obleka Protective clothing
SIST EN 17353:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 17353:2020
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 17353:2020
EN 17353
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
August 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.340.10 Supersedes EN 1150:1999
English Version
Protective clothing - Enhanced visibility equipment for
medium risk situations - Test methods and requirements

Habillement de protection - Équipement de Schutzkleidung - Erhöhte Sichtbarkeit für mittlere

visualisation améliorée pour des situations à risque Risikosituationen - Prüfverfahren und Anforderungen

modéré - Méthodes d'essai et exigences
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 5 July 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 17353:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 17353:2020
EN 17353:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Types and minimum area requirements ................................................................................................ 9

4.1 Types .................................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.2 Minimum area requirements ................................................................................................................... 10

5 Design requirements .................................................................................................................................. 11

5.1 Size designation ............................................................................................................................................ 11

5.2 Type A ............................................................................................................................................................... 11

5.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 11

5.2.2 Visibility from all sides .............................................................................................................................. 11

5.3 Type B ............................................................................................................................................................... 12

5.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 12

5.3.2 Type B1 – Free hanging devices .............................................................................................................. 12

5.3.3 Type B2 – Equipment for limbs ............................................................................................................... 12

5.3.4 Type B3 – Equipment for the torso or the torso and limbs ........................................................... 12

5.4 Type AB ............................................................................................................................................................ 13

6 Material requirements ............................................................................................................................... 13

6.1 Requirements for non-fluorescent material, fluorescent material and combined

performance material ................................................................................................................................ 13

6.1.1 Colour performance requirements of new material ....................................................................... 13

6.1.2 Colour after Xenon test .............................................................................................................................. 15

6.1.3 Colour fastness of fluorescent material and all non-fluorescent material layers after

test exposure.................................................................................................................................................. 15

6.2 Dimensional change of fluorescent material and non-fluorescent material.......................... 16

6.3 Photometric and physical performance requirements for the separate performance

and combined performance materials ................................................................................................. 16

6.3.1 Retroreflective performance requirements of new material ...................................................... 16

6.3.2 Type B1 – Free hanging devices .............................................................................................................. 17

6.3.3 Type B2, B3 and AB – removable or permanently applied materials or devices .................. 17

6.4 Retroreflective performance requirements after test exposure ................................................ 18

6.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 18

6.4.2 Separate performance material .............................................................................................................. 19

6.4.3 Combined performance material ........................................................................................................... 19

6.4.4 Orientation sensitive materials .............................................................................................................. 19

7 Test methods ................................................................................................................................................. 19

7.1 Sampling and conditioning ....................................................................................................................... 19

7.2 Determination of colour ............................................................................................................................ 19

7.3 Method of determination of retroreflective photometric performance .................................. 20

7.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 20

7.3.2 Type B1 devices ............................................................................................................................................ 20

7.3.3 Type B2 and B3 and Type AB devices or garments .......................................................................... 20

7.4 Test exposure of retroreflective material ........................................................................................... 20

7.4.1 Abrasion .......................................................................................................................................................... 20

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SIST EN 17353:2020
EN 17353:2020 (E)

7.4.2 Folding at cold temperatures ................................................................................................................... 21

7.4.3 Exposure to temperature variation ....................................................................................................... 21

7.4.4 Rainfall ............................................................................................................................................................. 21

7.4.5 Free fall test .................................................................................................................................................... 21

7.4.6 Influence of water (water immersion).................................................................................................. 21

7.5 Ageing ............................................................................................................................................................... 21

7.5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 21

7.5.2 Washing ............................................................................................................................................................ 22

7.5.3 Dry cleaning .................................................................................................................................................... 22

8 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 22

9 Information supplied by the manufacturer ........................................................................................ 23

Annex A (informative) Examples of garments or devices according to types and classes .............. 24

Annex B (informative) Examples of different types of equipment .......................................................... 26

Annex C (informative) Examples on how to determine visibility from all sides for Type A

garments .......................................................................................................................................................... 27

Annex D (informative) Possible designs for the placement of fluorescent material on

garments .......................................................................................................................................................... 28

Annex E (informative) Examples of Type B2 and Type B3 garment........................................................ 29

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Regulation 2016/425 aimed to be covered ....................................................... 31

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 32

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SIST EN 17353:2020
EN 17353:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 17353:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 162 “Protective

clothing including hand and arm protection and lifejackets”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by February 2021, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by August 2023.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 1150:1999, and EN 13356:2001.

This document has been prepared under a standardization request given to CEN by the European

Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of

EU Regulation 2016/425.

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 17353:2020
EN 17353:2020 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies requirements for enhanced visibility equipment in the form of garments, or

devices, which are capable of visually signalling the user’s presence.

The enhanced visibility equipment is intended to provide conspicuity of the wearer in medium risk

situations under any daylight conditions and/or under illumination by vehicles headlights or

searchlights in the dark.

Performance requirements are included for colour and retroreflection as well as for the minimum areas

and for the placement of the materials in protective equipment.
This document is not applicable to:

• high visibility equipment in high-risk situations, which is covered in EN ISO 20471 (for further

information concerning risk situations, see Annex A);

• visibility equipment specifically intended for the head, hands and feet, e.g. helmets, gloves and

shoes;
• equipment integrating active lighting, e.g. LEDs;
• visibility for low-risk situations.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 20105-A02:1994, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part A02: Grey scale for assessing change in

colour (ISO 105-A02:1993)

EN 20105-A03:1994, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part A03: Grey scale for assessing staining

(ISO 105-A03:1993)

EN 20105-N01:1995, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part N01: Colour fastness to bleaching:

Hypochlorite (ISO 105-N01:1993)

EN 60068-2-31:2008, Environmental testing - Part 2-31: Tests - Test Ec: Rough handling shocks, primarily

for equipment-type specimens (IEC 60068 2 31:2008)

EN ISO 105-B02:2014, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part B02: Colour fastness to artificial light:

Xenon arc fading lamp test (ISO 105-B02:2014)

EN ISO 105-C06:2010, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part C06: Colour fastness to domestic and

commercial laundering (ISO 105-C06:2010)

EN ISO 105-D01:2010, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part D01: Colour fastness to dry cleaning using

perchloroethylene solvent (ISO 105-D01:2010)

EN ISO 105-E04:2013, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part E04: Colour fastness to perspiration (ISO

105-E04:2013)

EN ISO 105-X11:1996, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part X11: Colour fastness to hot pressing

(ISO 105-X11:1994)
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SIST EN 17353:2020
EN 17353:2020 (E)

EN ISO 105-X12:2016, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part X12: Colour fastness to rubbing (ISO 105-

X12:2016)

EN ISO 12947-2:2016, Textiles - Determination of the abrasion resistance of fabrics by the Martindale

method - Part 2: Determination of specimen breakdown (ISO 12947-2:2016)
EN ISO 13688:2013, Protective clothing - General requirements (ISO 13688:2013)

EN ISO 20471:2013, High visibility clothing - Test methods and requirements (ISO 20471:2013, Corrected

version 2013-06-01)
ISO 4675:2017, Rubber- or plastics-coated fabrics - Low-temperature bend test
CIE 015:2018, Colorimetry
CIE 54.2:2001, Retroreflection - Definition and measurement
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp/ui
3.1
combined-performance material
material intended to exhibit both fluorescent and retroreflective properties

Note 1 to entry: “Fluorescent material” is defined as “background material” in EN ISO 20471:2013.

[SOURCE: EN ISO 20471:2013, 3.6]
3.2
dark condition
light conditions similar to light outside after sunset and before sunrise
3.3
daylight
light conditions similar to light outside after sunrise and before sunset
3.4
enhanced-visibility equipment

clothing/garment or device, intended to provide conspicuity during daylight and/or dark conditions

and/or twilight
3.5
family of devices

group of devices made with identical raw materials (manufacturer, article number, reflected colour,

product variation etc.) and identical manufacturing process as the base of model
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 17353:2020
EN 17353:2020 (E)
3.6
flexible device
device that is capable of being bent
3.7
fluorescent material

material that emits electromagnetic radiation at visible wavelengths longer than those absorbed

Note 1 to entry: This term applies to daylight conditions.

Note 2 to entry: “Fluorescent material” is defined as “background material” in EN ISO 20471:2013.

[SOURCE: EN ISO 20471:2013, 3.2]
3.8
non-fluorescent material
material not intended to be highly conspicuous
3.9
optical active area

part of the retroreflective material which has not lost any of the original photometric properties during

conversion into a device

Note 1 to entry: This includes, but it is not limited to, loss due to welding lines, holes or printing.

3.10
orientation sensitive material

material having coefficients of retroreflection that differ by more than 15 % when measured at the two

rotation angles ß1 = 0° and ß2 = 90°
[SOURCE: EN ISO 20471:2013, 3.7]
3.11
retroreflective element

portion of retroreflective material (stripe, band or any shape meeting the design criteria of this

document)
3.12
retroreflective material

material which is a retroreflector, but which is not intended to comply with the requirements of this

document for fluorescent material
[SOURCE: EN ISO 20471:2013, 3.4]
3.13
rigid device
device that is not capable of being bent
EXAMPLE injection moulded prismatic materials
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SIST EN 17353:2020
EN 17353:2020 (E)
3.14
separate-performance material

material intended to exhibit either fluorescent or retroreflective properties but not both

Note 1 to entry: “Fluorescent material” is defined as “background material” in EN ISO 20471:2013.

[SOURCE: EN ISO 20471:2013, 3.5]
3.15
torso

thorax and abdomen or section of the torso to which the limbs and neck are attached

Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
Key
A torso
B limbs
NOTE The area of B above the dotted line is considered as upper arm.
Figure 1 — Torso and limbs
[SOURCE: EN ISO 20471:2013, 3.8 - modified]
3.16
twilight

period in the morning or, in the evening during which the sun is below the horizon, either from

daybreak to sunrise or from sunset to nightfall
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SIST EN 17353:2020
EN 17353:2020 (E)
4 Types and minimum area requirements
4.1 Types

The enhanced visibility equipment is grouped into three types based on the foreseeable conditions of

use:
— Type A

Equipment worn by users where the risk of not being seen exists only at daylight conditions. This

equipment uses only the fluorescent material as enhanced visibility component.
— Type B

Equipment worn by users where risk of not being seen exists only at dark conditions. This

equipment uses only the retroreflective material as enhanced visibility component.

Type B is subdivided in 3 levels, as below. The classification depends on the total area worn or on

placement of the device on user’s torso and limbs:

— Type B1 includes free hanging retroreflective devices only; these devices are designed for

movement recognition.

— Type B2 includes retroreflective devices or retroreflective material either temporarily or

permanently placed on limbs only; these products are designed for movement recognition. As a

minimum, the retroreflective material shall be positioned on the limbs as a separate removable

device or shall be incorporated into clothing design on a permanent basis as a retroreflective

element.

— Type B3 includes retroreflective material placed on torso or torso and limbs. These products

are designed for form recognition, or form and movement recognition. Type B3 items shall not

be a combination of permanently attached reflective material and removable reflective devices.

NOTE 1 Additional retroreflective or combined-performance materials can be incorporated into garments.

— Type AB

Equipment worn by users where risk of not being seen exists during daylight, twilight and dark

conditions. This equipment uses the fluorescent as well as the retroreflective and/or combined

performance materials as enhanced visibility components.
Table 1 shows the different types.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 17353:2020
EN 17353:2020 (E)
Table 1 — Types
Type A Type B Type AB
Daylight Dark conditions Daylight, twilight and dark
conditions
Equipment using Equipment using retroreflective Equipment using fluorescent
material material and retroreflective or
fluorescent material
combined performance material
B1 (free hanging)
B2 (limbs) AB2
B3 (on torso or torso and limbs) AB3
NOTE 2 See Annex B for examples and drawings.

For each type, the relevant material requirements in Clause 6 shall be fulfilled in accordance to Clause 7.

4.2 Minimum area requirements

Each type shall have minimum areas of materials incorporated in the garment or equipment in

accordance with:
— Table 2 as required by Type B1 and Type B2; or
— Table 3 as required by garment Type A, Type B3 and Type AB.
Table 2 — Minimum required areas of material in m for Types B1 and B2
a b
B1 B2
Retroreflective material 0,003 0,018
Total area of both sides of a single device.
If devices, the total area of two devices, measured flat
Table 3 — Minimum required areas of material in m for Types A, B3 and AB
A B3 AB A B3 AB
a a
Height h of the user
h ≤ 140 cm h > 140 cm
Fluorescent material 0,14 — 0,14 0,24 — 0,24
Retroreflective — 0,06 0,06 — 0,08 0,08
material
Combined — — 0,14 — — 0,24
performance material

If the height range (interval figures as described in EN ISO 13688:2013) includes 140 cm (e.g.

garment designed for height range from 138 cm to 142 cm), then the requirements as stated in the

column “ h > 140” apply.

Additional fluorescent, retroreflective or combined-performance materials may be incorporated into

garments.
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN 17353:2020
EN 17353:2020 (E)

NOTE The area of visibility material shown in Table 3 cannot be reduced below the minimum requirements

by the application of logos, lettering, labels, etc.
5 Design requirements
5.1 Size designation

The size designation for garments shall be in accordance with the requirements of EN ISO 13688:2013.

5.2 Type A
5.2.1 General

Type A garments (including partial body protective clothing) shall in their design use at least the

minimum amount of fluorescent material according to Table 3.

NOTE 1 Protective clothing items are worn to cover one or more parts of the body, examples of partial body

protection are sleeves, aprons and chaps.

The areas shall be measured on the smallest garment size intended to be supplied, in each of the two

height ranges specified in Table 3, with all fasteners adjusted to the smallest configuration possible and

with the garment laying flat on a table.

Fluorescent material areas covered by any logos, lettering, labels etc., are not counted towards the total

area.

NOTE 2 Conspicuity is best achieved by having well defined areas of fluorescent material. Fragmented or highly

patterned areas are unsuitable.
5.2.2 Visibility from all sides

Type A garments shall be made up of fluorescent material on all sides to ensure 360° visibility (visibility

from all sides). For upper body garments fluorescent material shall be evenly distributed around the

torso and/or upper arms and/or limbs, if any.

For lower body garments, fluorescent material shall be evenly distributed around the legs.

Visibility from all sides shall be reached as follows:

— not less than 40 % of the minimum required amount of fluorescent material specified in Table 3 is

present on both the front and the back when laid flat, and

— not less than 10 % of the minimum required amount of fluorescent material specified in Table 3 is

present on both the right and left sides when laid flat on the back (respectively on the front).

Annexes C and D show examples of designs and how to measure visibility from all sides.

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SIST EN 17353:2020
EN 17353:2020 (E)
5.3 Type B
5.3.1 General

These garments or devices shall in their design use at least the minimum amount of retroreflective

material according to Table 2 or Table 3.
5.3.2 Type B1 – Free hanging devices
The devices shall be removable.
The total area of the devices in use shall meet the requirements in Table 2.
A Type B1 device shall be retroreflective from both sides.
2 2

Its optical active area shall be a minimum 15 cm per side. The total area shall be maximum 50 cm per

side. In order to achieve 360° visibility (visibility from all sides) at least two devices shall be used, these

shall be used on the left and the right side of the torso. This shall be specified in the user information.

The device shall be flat and its maximum thickness shall be 10 mm.

The means of attachment (string, ribbon, cord, spiral, etc.) shall be a minimum 10 cm, in length between

the points of attachment on the garment and that on the reflector to enable free movement of the device

around its vertical axis and allow a pendulum effect.
NOTE Consider additional requirements applicable for children’s products.
5.3.3 Type B2 – Equipment for limbs

The minimum area of retroreflective material shall fulfil the requirements in Table 2.

To ensure 360° visibility (visibility from all sides), one or more devices shall be applied to each upper

and/or each lower limb.

When retroreflective material is applied to a garment it shall also be positioned to achieve 360°

visibility (visibility from all sides). The material shall be placed on the limbs so as to ensure a minimum

width of 20 mm encircling each limb.

Any gap in the lengthwise continuity of the retroreflective material shall not be greater than 50 mm,

measured parallel to the direction of the material, and the total of such gaps shall not be greater than

50 mm around the limbs. Any offset not greater than the width of the material plus 5 mm is allowed.

Additionally, separate retroreflective elements may form part of an applied design in conjunction with

the above. The retroreflective elements shall have a minimum area of 25 cm each.

In the case of B2 garments covering upper and lower limbs, the retroreflective material can be applied

on the upper limbs only, on the lower limbs only or on both the upper and lower limbs. In the latter

case, the minimum amount of Table 2 shall be used for upper limbs and also for the lower limbs.

NOTE An example of a B2 garment is shown in Annex E.
5.3.4 Type B3 – Equipment for the torso or the torso and limbs

The minimum area of retroreflective material shall fulfil the requirements in Table 3. Garments and

devices shall
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 17353:2020
01-november-2020
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 1150:1999
Varovalna obleka - Oprema z izboljšano vidljivostjo za razmere s srednjim
tveganjem - Preskusne metode in zahteve

Protective clothing - Enhanced visibility equipment for medium risk situations - Test

methods and requirements

Schutzkleidung - Erhöhte Sichtbarkeit für mittlere Risikosituationen - Prüfverfahren und

Anforderungen

Habillement de protection - Équipement de visualisation améliorée pour des situations à

risque modéré - Méthodes d’essai et exigences
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 17353:2020
ICS:
13.340.10 Varovalna obleka Protective clothing
SIST EN 17353:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 17353:2020
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 17353:2020
EN 17353
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
August 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.340.10 Supersedes EN 1150:1999
English Version
Protective clothing - Enhanced visibility equipment for
medium risk situations - Test methods and requirements

Habillement de protection - Équipement de Schutzkleidung - Erhöhte Sichtbarkeit für mittlere

visualisation améliorée pour des situations à risque Risikosituationen - Prüfverfahren und Anforderungen

modéré - Méthodes d'essai et exigences
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 5 July 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 17353:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 17353:2020
EN 17353:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Types and minimum area requirements ................................................................................................ 9

4.1 Types .................................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.2 Minimum area requirements ................................................................................................................... 10

5 Design requirements .................................................................................................................................. 11

5.1 Size designation ............................................................................................................................................ 11

5.2 Type A ............................................................................................................................................................... 11

5.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 11

5.2.2 Visibility from all sides .............................................................................................................................. 11

5.3 Type B ............................................................................................................................................................... 12

5.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 12

5.3.2 Type B1 – Free hanging devices .............................................................................................................. 12

5.3.3 Type B2 – Equipment for limbs ............................................................................................................... 12

5.3.4 Type B3 – Equipment for the torso or the torso and limbs ........................................................... 12

5.4 Type AB ............................................................................................................................................................ 13

6 Material requirements ............................................................................................................................... 13

6.1 Requirements for non-fluorescent material, fluorescent material and combined

performance material ................................................................................................................................ 13

6.1.1 Colour performance requirements of new material ....................................................................... 13

6.1.2 Colour after Xenon test .............................................................................................................................. 15

6.1.3 Colour fastness of fluorescent material and all non-fluorescent material layers after

test exposure.................................................................................................................................................. 15

6.2 Dimensional change of fluorescent material and non-fluorescent material.......................... 16

6.3 Photometric and physical performance requirements for the separate performance

and combined performance materials ................................................................................................. 16

6.3.1 Retroreflective performance requirements of new material ...................................................... 16

6.3.2 Type B1 – Free hanging devices .............................................................................................................. 17

6.3.3 Type B2, B3 and AB – removable or permanently applied materials or devices .................. 17

6.4 Retroreflective performance requirements after test exposure ................................................ 18

6.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 18

6.4.2 Separate performance material .............................................................................................................. 19

6.4.3 Combined performance material ........................................................................................................... 19

6.4.4 Orientation sensitive materials .............................................................................................................. 19

7 Test methods ................................................................................................................................................. 19

7.1 Sampling and conditioning ....................................................................................................................... 19

7.2 Determination of colour ............................................................................................................................ 19

7.3 Method of determination of retroreflective photometric performance .................................. 20

7.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 20

7.3.2 Type B1 devices ............................................................................................................................................ 20

7.3.3 Type B2 and B3 and Type AB devices or garments .......................................................................... 20

7.4 Test exposure of retroreflective material ........................................................................................... 20

7.4.1 Abrasion .......................................................................................................................................................... 20

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EN 17353:2020 (E)

7.4.2 Folding at cold temperatures ................................................................................................................... 21

7.4.3 Exposure to temperature variation ....................................................................................................... 21

7.4.4 Rainfall ............................................................................................................................................................. 21

7.4.5 Free fall test .................................................................................................................................................... 21

7.4.6 Influence of water (water immersion).................................................................................................. 21

7.5 Ageing ............................................................................................................................................................... 21

7.5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 21

7.5.2 Washing ............................................................................................................................................................ 22

7.5.3 Dry cleaning .................................................................................................................................................... 22

8 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 22

9 Information supplied by the manufacturer ........................................................................................ 23

Annex A (informative) Examples of garments or devices according to types and classes .............. 24

Annex B (informative) Examples of different types of equipment .......................................................... 26

Annex C (informative) Examples on how to determine visibility from all sides for Type A

garments .......................................................................................................................................................... 27

Annex D (informative) Possible designs for the placement of fluorescent material on

garments .......................................................................................................................................................... 28

Annex E (informative) Examples of Type B2 and Type B3 garment........................................................ 29

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Regulation 2016/425 aimed to be covered ....................................................... 31

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 32

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SIST EN 17353:2020
EN 17353:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 17353:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 162 “Protective

clothing including hand and arm protection and lifejackets”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by February 2021, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by August 2023.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 1150:1999, and EN 13356:2001.

This document has been prepared under a standardization request given to CEN by the European

Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of

EU Regulation 2016/425.

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 17353:2020
EN 17353:2020 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies requirements for enhanced visibility equipment in the form of garments, or

devices, which are capable of visually signalling the user’s presence.

The enhanced visibility equipment is intended to provide conspicuity of the wearer in medium risk

situations under any daylight conditions and/or under illumination by vehicles headlights or

searchlights in the dark.

Performance requirements are included for colour and retroreflection as well as for the minimum areas

and for the placement of the materials in protective equipment.
This document is not applicable to:

• high visibility equipment in high-risk situations, which is covered in EN ISO 20471 (for further

information concerning risk situations, see Annex A);

• visibility equipment specifically intended for the head, hands and feet, e.g. helmets, gloves and

shoes;
• equipment integrating active lighting, e.g. LEDs;
• visibility for low-risk situations.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 20105-A02:1994, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part A02: Grey scale for assessing change in

colour (ISO 105-A02:1993)

EN 20105-A03:1994, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part A03: Grey scale for assessing staining

(ISO 105-A03:1993)

EN 20105-N01:1995, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part N01: Colour fastness to bleaching:

Hypochlorite (ISO 105-N01:1993)

EN 60068-2-31:2008, Environmental testing - Part 2-31: Tests - Test Ec: Rough handling shocks, primarily

for equipment-type specimens (IEC 60068 2 31:2008)

EN ISO 105-B02:2014, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part B02: Colour fastness to artificial light:

Xenon arc fading lamp test (ISO 105-B02:2014)

EN ISO 105-C06:2010, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part C06: Colour fastness to domestic and

commercial laundering (ISO 105-C06:2010)

EN ISO 105-D01:2010, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part D01: Colour fastness to dry cleaning using

perchloroethylene solvent (ISO 105-D01:2010)

EN ISO 105-E04:2013, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part E04: Colour fastness to perspiration (ISO

105-E04:2013)

EN ISO 105-X11:1996, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part X11: Colour fastness to hot pressing

(ISO 105-X11:1994)
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EN 17353:2020 (E)

EN ISO 105-X12:2016, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part X12: Colour fastness to rubbing (ISO 105-

X12:2016)

EN ISO 12947-2:2016, Textiles - Determination of the abrasion resistance of fabrics by the Martindale

method - Part 2: Determination of specimen breakdown (ISO 12947-2:2016)
EN ISO 13688:2013, Protective clothing - General requirements (ISO 13688:2013)

EN ISO 20471:2013, High visibility clothing - Test methods and requirements (ISO 20471:2013, Corrected

version 2013-06-01)
ISO 4675:2017, Rubber- or plastics-coated fabrics - Low-temperature bend test
CIE 015:2018, Colorimetry
CIE 54.2:2001, Retroreflection - Definition and measurement
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp/ui
3.1
combined-performance material
material intended to exhibit both fluorescent and retroreflective properties

Note 1 to entry: “Fluorescent material” is defined as “background material” in EN ISO 20471:2013.

[SOURCE: EN ISO 20471:2013, 3.6]
3.2
dark condition
light conditions similar to light outside after sunset and before sunrise
3.3
daylight
light conditions similar to light outside after sunrise and before sunset
3.4
enhanced-visibility equipment

clothing/garment or device, intended to provide conspicuity during daylight and/or dark conditions

and/or twilight
3.5
family of devices

group of devices made with identical raw materials (manufacturer, article number, reflected colour,

product variation etc.) and identical manufacturing process as the base of model
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EN 17353:2020 (E)
3.6
flexible device
device that is capable of being bent
3.7
fluorescent material

material that emits electromagnetic radiation at visible wavelengths longer than those absorbed

Note 1 to entry: This term applies to daylight conditions.

Note 2 to entry: “Fluorescent material” is defined as “background material” in EN ISO 20471:2013.

[SOURCE: EN ISO 20471:2013, 3.2]
3.8
non-fluorescent material
material not intended to be highly conspicuous
3.9
optical active area

part of the retroreflective material which has not lost any of the original photometric properties during

conversion into a device

Note 1 to entry: This includes, but it is not limited to, loss due to welding lines, holes or printing.

3.10
orientation sensitive material

material having coefficients of retroreflection that differ by more than 15 % when measured at the two

rotation angles ß1 = 0° and ß2 = 90°
[SOURCE: EN ISO 20471:2013, 3.7]
3.11
retroreflective element

portion of retroreflective material (stripe, band or any shape meeting the design criteria of this

document)
3.12
retroreflective material

material which is a retroreflector, but which is not intended to comply with the requirements of this

document for fluorescent material
[SOURCE: EN ISO 20471:2013, 3.4]
3.13
rigid device
device that is not capable of being bent
EXAMPLE injection moulded prismatic materials
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SIST EN 17353:2020
EN 17353:2020 (E)
3.14
separate-performance material

material intended to exhibit either fluorescent or retroreflective properties but not both

Note 1 to entry: “Fluorescent material” is defined as “background material” in EN ISO 20471:2013.

[SOURCE: EN ISO 20471:2013, 3.5]
3.15
torso

thorax and abdomen or section of the torso to which the limbs and neck are attached

Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
Key
A torso
B limbs
NOTE The area of B above the dotted line is considered as upper arm.
Figure 1 — Torso and limbs
[SOURCE: EN ISO 20471:2013, 3.8 - modified]
3.16
twilight

period in the morning or, in the evening during which the sun is below the horizon, either from

daybreak to sunrise or from sunset to nightfall
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SIST EN 17353:2020
EN 17353:2020 (E)
4 Types and minimum area requirements
4.1 Types

The enhanced visibility equipment is grouped into three types based on the foreseeable conditions of

use:
— Type A

Equipment worn by users where the risk of not being seen exists only at daylight conditions. This

equipment uses only the fluorescent material as enhanced visibility component.
— Type B

Equipment worn by users where risk of not being seen exists only at dark conditions. This

equipment uses only the retroreflective material as enhanced visibility component.

Type B is subdivided in 3 levels, as below. The classification depends on the total area worn or on

placement of the device on user’s torso and limbs:

— Type B1 includes free hanging retroreflective devices only; these devices are designed for

movement recognition.

— Type B2 includes retroreflective devices or retroreflective material either temporarily or

permanently placed on limbs only; these products are designed for movement recognition. As a

minimum, the retroreflective material shall be positioned on the limbs as a separate removable

device or shall be incorporated into clothing design on a permanent basis as a retroreflective

element.

— Type B3 includes retroreflective material placed on torso or torso and limbs. These products

are designed for form recognition, or form and movement recognition. Type B3 items shall not

be a combination of permanently attached reflective material and removable reflective devices.

NOTE 1 Additional retroreflective or combined-performance materials can be incorporated into garments.

— Type AB

Equipment worn by users where risk of not being seen exists during daylight, twilight and dark

conditions. This equipment uses the fluorescent as well as the retroreflective and/or combined

performance materials as enhanced visibility components.
Table 1 shows the different types.
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SIST EN 17353:2020
EN 17353:2020 (E)
Table 1 — Types
Type A Type B Type AB
Daylight Dark conditions Daylight, twilight and dark
conditions
Equipment using Equipment using retroreflective Equipment using fluorescent
material material and retroreflective or
fluorescent material
combined performance material
B1 (free hanging)
B2 (limbs) AB2
B3 (on torso or torso and limbs) AB3
NOTE 2 See Annex B for examples and drawings.

For each type, the relevant material requirements in Clause 6 shall be fulfilled in accordance to Clause 7.

4.2 Minimum area requirements

Each type shall have minimum areas of materials incorporated in the garment or equipment in

accordance with:
— Table 2 as required by Type B1 and Type B2; or
— Table 3 as required by garment Type A, Type B3 and Type AB.
Table 2 — Minimum required areas of material in m for Types B1 and B2
a b
B1 B2
Retroreflective material 0,003 0,018
Total area of both sides of a single device.
If devices, the total area of two devices, measured flat
Table 3 — Minimum required areas of material in m for Types A, B3 and AB
A B3 AB A B3 AB
a a
Height h of the user
h ≤ 140 cm h > 140 cm
Fluorescent material 0,14 — 0,14 0,24 — 0,24
Retroreflective — 0,06 0,06 — 0,08 0,08
material
Combined — — 0,14 — — 0,24
performance material

If the height range (interval figures as described in EN ISO 13688:2013) includes 140 cm (e.g.

garment designed for height range from 138 cm to 142 cm), then the requirements as stated in the

column “ h > 140” apply.

Additional fluorescent, retroreflective or combined-performance materials may be incorporated into

garments.
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EN 17353:2020 (E)

NOTE The area of visibility material shown in Table 3 cannot be reduced below the minimum requirements

by the application of logos, lettering, labels, etc.
5 Design requirements
5.1 Size designation

The size designation for garments shall be in accordance with the requirements of EN ISO 13688:2013.

5.2 Type A
5.2.1 General

Type A garments (including partial body protective clothing) shall in their design use at least the

minimum amount of fluorescent material according to Table 3.

NOTE 1 Protective clothing items are worn to cover one or more parts of the body, examples of partial body

protection are sleeves, aprons and chaps.

The areas shall be measured on the smallest garment size intended to be supplied, in each of the two

height ranges specified in Table 3, with all fasteners adjusted to the smallest configuration possible and

with the garment laying flat on a table.

Fluorescent material areas covered by any logos, lettering, labels etc., are not counted towards the total

area.

NOTE 2 Conspicuity is best achieved by having well defined areas of fluorescent material. Fragmented or highly

patterned areas are unsuitable.
5.2.2 Visibility from all sides

Type A garments shall be made up of fluorescent material on all sides to ensure 360° visibility (visibility

from all sides). For upper body garments fluorescent material shall be evenly distributed around the

torso and/or upper arms and/or limbs, if any.

For lower body garments, fluorescent material shall be evenly distributed around the legs.

Visibility from all sides shall be reached as follows:

— not less than 40 % of the minimum required amount of fluorescent material specified in Table 3 is

present on both the front and the back when laid flat, and

— not less than 10 % of the minimum required amount of fluorescent material specified in Table 3 is

present on both the right and left sides when laid flat on the back (respectively on the front).

Annexes C and D show examples of designs and how to measure visibility from all sides.

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SIST EN 17353:2020
EN 17353:2020 (E)
5.3 Type B
5.3.1 General

These garments or devices shall in their design use at least the minimum amount of retroreflective

material according to Table 2 or Table 3.
5.3.2 Type B1 – Free hanging devices
The devices shall be removable.
The total area of the devices in use shall meet the requirements in Table 2.
A Type B1 device shall be retroreflective from both sides.
2 2

Its optical active area shall be a minimum 15 cm per side. The total area shall be maximum 50 cm per

side. In order to achieve 360° visibility (visibility from all sides) at least two devices shall be used, these

shall be used on the left and the right side of the torso. This shall be specified in the user information.

The device shall be flat and its maximum thickness shall be 10 mm.

The means of attachment (string, ribbon, cord, spiral, etc.) shall be a minimum 10 cm, in length between

the points of attachment on the garment and that on the reflector to enable free movement of the device

around its vertical axis and allow a pendulum effect.
NOTE Consider additional requirements applicable for children’s products.
5.3.3 Type B2 – Equipment for limbs

The minimum area of retroreflective material shall fulfil the requirements in Table 2.

To ensure 360° visibility (visibility from all sides), one or more devices shall be applied to each upper

and/or each lower limb.

When retroreflective material is applied to a garment it shall also be positioned to achieve 360°

visibility (visibility from all sides). The material shall be placed on the limbs so as to ensure a minimum

width of 20 mm encircling each limb.

Any gap in the lengthwise continuity of the retroreflective material shall not be greater than 50 mm,

measured parallel to the direction of the material, and the total of such gaps shall not be greater than

50 mm around the limbs. Any offset not greater than the width of the material plus 5 mm is allowed.

Additionally, separate retroreflective elements may form part of an applied design in conjunction with

the above. The retroreflective elements shall have a minimum area of 25 cm each.

In the case of B2 garments covering upper and lower limbs, the retroreflective material can be applied

on the upper limbs only, on the lower limbs only or on both the upper and lower limbs. In the latter

case, the minimum amount of Table 2 shall be used for upper limbs and also for the lower limbs.

NOTE An example of a B2 garment is shown in Annex E.
5.3.4 Type B3 – Equipment for the torso or the torso and limbs

The minimum area of retroreflective material shall fulfil the requirements in Table 3. Garments and

devices shall be measured flat an
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 17353:2019
01-julij-2019
Varovalna obleka - Vidna obleka za nepoklicno uporabo - Preskusne metode in
zahteve

Protective clothing - Visibility clothing for non-professional use - Test methods and

requirements

Schutzkleidung - Erhöhte Sichtbarkeit für mittlere Risikosituationen - Prüfverfahren und

Anforderungen

Habillement de protection - Habillement de visualisation à utilisation non professionnelle

- Méthodes d'essai et exigences
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 17353
ICS:
13.340.10 Varovalna obleka Protective clothing
oSIST prEN 17353:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17353:2019
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oSIST prEN 17353:2019
DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 17353
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
March 2019
ICS 13.340.10 Will supersede EN 1150:1999
English Version
Protective clothing - Visibility clothing for non-
professional use - Test methods and requirements

Habillement de protection - Habillement de Schutzkleidung - Erhöhte Sichtbarkeit für mittlere

visualisation à utilisation non professionnelle - Risikosituationen - Prüfverfahren und Anforderungen

Méthodes d'essai et exigences

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

CEN/TC 162.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 17353:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17353:2019
prEN 17353:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Types and minimum area requirements ................................................................................................ 9

4.1 Types .................................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.2 Minimum area requirements ................................................................................................................... 10

5 Design requirements .................................................................................................................................. 10

5.1 Size designation ............................................................................................................................................ 10

5.2 Type A ............................................................................................................................................................... 10

5.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 10

5.2.2 Visibility from all sides (360° visibility) .............................................................................................. 11

5.3 Type B ............................................................................................................................................................... 11

5.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 11

5.3.2 Type B1 - Free hanging devices ............................................................................................................... 11

5.3.3 Type B2 – Equipments for limbs ............................................................................................................. 11

5.3.4 Type B3 – Equipments for the torso or the torso and limbs ......................................................... 12

5.4 Type C ............................................................................................................................................................... 13

6 Material requirements ............................................................................................................................... 13

6.1 Requirements for non-fluorescent material, fluorescent material and combined

performance material ................................................................................................................................ 13

6.1.1 Colour performance requirements of new material ....................................................................... 13

6.1.2 Colour after Xenon test .............................................................................................................................. 14

6.1.3 Colour fastness of fluorescent material and all non-fluorescent material layers after

test exposure.................................................................................................................................................. 14

6.2 Dimensional change of fluorescent material and non-fluorescent material.......................... 15

6.3 Photometric and physical performance requirements for the separate performance

and combined performance materials ................................................................................................. 15

6.3.1 Retroreflective performance requirements of new material ...................................................... 15

6.3.2 Type B1 - Free hanging devices ............................................................................................................... 16

6.3.3 Type B2,B3 and C – removable or permanently applied materials or devices ...................... 16

6.4 Retroreflective performance requirements after test exposure ................................................ 17

6.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 17

6.4.2 Separate performance material .............................................................................................................. 18

6.4.3 Combined performance material ........................................................................................................... 18

6.4.4 Orientation sensitive materials .............................................................................................................. 18

7 Test methods ................................................................................................................................................. 18

7.1 Sampling and conditioning ....................................................................................................................... 18

7.2 Determination of colour ............................................................................................................................ 18

7.3 Method of determination of retroreflective photometric performance .................................. 19

7.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 19

7.3.2 Type B1 devices ............................................................................................................................................ 19

7.3.3 Type B2 and B3 and Type C devices or garments ............................................................................. 19

7.4 Test exposure of retroreflective material ........................................................................................... 19

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oSIST prEN 17353:2019
prEN 17353:2019 (E)

7.4.1 Abrasion ........................................................................................................................................................... 19

7.4.2 Flexing............................................................................................................................................................... 20

7.4.3 Folding at cold temperatures ................................................................................................................... 20

7.4.4 Exposure to temperature variation ....................................................................................................... 20

7.4.5 Rainfall ............................................................................................................................................................. 20

7.4.6 Free fall test .................................................................................................................................................... 20

7.4.7 Influence of water (water immersion).................................................................................................. 20

7.5 Ageing ............................................................................................................................................................... 21

7.5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 21

7.5.2 Washing ............................................................................................................................................................ 21

7.5.3 Dry cleaning .................................................................................................................................................... 21

8 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 21

9 Information supplied by the manufacturer ........................................................................................ 22

Annex A (informative) Examples of garments or devices according to types and classes .............. 23

Annex B (informative) Information concerning risk situations ............................................................... 25

Annex C (informative) Examples on how to prove visibility from all sides .......................................... 26

Annex D (informative) Possible designs for the placement of fluorescent material ........................ 27

Annex E (informative) Examples of B2 and B3 garment.............................................................................. 28

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Regulation 2016/425 aimed to be covered ....................................................... 30

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 31

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oSIST prEN 17353:2019
prEN 17353:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (prEN 17353:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 162 “Protective

clothing including hand and arm protection and lifejackets”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.
This document will supersede EN 1150:1999 and EN 13356:2001.

This document has been prepared under a standardization request given to CEN by the European

Commission and the European Free Trade Association and supports essential requirements of

Regulation (EU) 2016/425.

For relationship with the EU Regulation, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.
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oSIST prEN 17353:2019
prEN 17353:2019 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies requirements for enhanced visibility equipment in the form of garments, or

devices, which are capable of visually signalling the user’s presence.

The enhanced visibility equipment is intended to provide conspicuity of the wearer in medium risk

situations under any daylight conditions and/or under illumination by vehicles headlights or

searchlights in the dark.

Performance requirements are included for colour and retroreflection as well as for the minimum areas

and for the placement of the materials in protective equipment.
This document is not applicable to:

• high visibility equipment in high-risk situations, which is covered in EN ISO 20471 (for further

information concerning risk situations, see Annex A);

• visibility equipment specifically intended for the head, hands and feet, e.g. helmets, gloves and

shoes;
• equipment integrating active lighting, e.g. LEDs.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 71-1:2014, Safety of toys - Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties

EN 20105-A02:1994, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part A02: Grey scale for assessing change in

colour (ISO 105-A02:1993)

EN 20105-A03:1994, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part A03: Grey scale for assessing staining (ISO

105-A03:1993)

EN 20105-N01:1995, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part N01: Colour fastness to bleaching:

Hypochlorite (ISO 105-N01:1993)

EN 60068-2-31:2008, Environmental testing - Part 2-31: Tests - Test Ec: Rough handling shocks, primarily

for equipment-type specimens

EN ISO 105-B02:2014, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part B02: Colour fastness to artificial light:

Xenon arc fading lamp test (ISO 105-B02:2014)

EN ISO 105-C06:2010, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part C06: Colour fastness to domestic and

commercial laundering (ISO 105-C06:2010)

EN ISO 105-D01:2010, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part D01: Colour fastness to dry cleaning using

perchloroethylene solvent (ISO 105-D01:2010)

EN ISO 105-E04:2013, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part E04: Colour fastness to perspiration (ISO

105-E04:2013)

EN ISO 105-X11:1996, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part X11: Colour fastness to hot pressing (ISO-

X11:1994)
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EN ISO 105-X12:2016, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part X12: Colour fastness to rubbing (ISO 105-

X12:2016)

EN ISO 7854:1997, Rubber- or plastics-coated fabrics - Determination of resistance to damage by flexing

(ISO 7854:1995)
EN ISO 13688:2013, Protective clothing - General requirements (ISO 13688:2013)

EN ISO 20471:2013, High visibility clothing - Test methods and requirements (ISO 20471:2013, Corrected

version 2013-06-01)
ISO 4675:2017, Rubber- or plastics-coated fabrics — Low-temperature bend test

ISO 12947-2:2016, Textiles — Determination of the abrasion resistance of fabrics by the Martindale

method — Part 2: Determination of specimen breakdown
CIE 15:2004, Colorimetry
CIE 54.2:2001, Retroreflection - Definition and measurement
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
enhanced-visibility equipment

clothing/garment or device, intended to provide conspicuity during daylight and/or dark conditions

and/or twilight
3.2
fluorescent material

material that emits electromagnetic radiation at visible wavelengths longer than those absorbed

[SOURCE: EN ISO 20471:2013, 3.2]
Note 1 to entry: This term applies to daylight conditions

Note 2 to entry: “Fluorescent material” is defined as “background material” in EN ISO 20471:2013.

3.3
non-fluorescent material
material not intended to be highly conspicuous
[SOURCE: EN ISO 20471:2013, 3.3]
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3.5
retroreflective material

material which is a retroreflector, but which is not intended to comply with the requirements of this

standard for fluorescent material
[SOURCE: EN ISO 20471:2013, 3.4]
3.6
retroreflective element

portion of retroreflective material (stripe, band or any shape meeting the design criteria of this

standard)
3.7
separate-performance material

material intended to exhibit either fluorescent or retroreflective properties but not both

[SOURCE: EN ISO 20471:2013, 3.5]

Note 1 to entry: “Fluorescent material” is defined as “background material” in EN ISO 20471:2013.

3.8
combined-performance material
material intended to exhibit both fluorescent and retroreflective properties
[SOURCE: EN ISO 20471:2013, 3.6]

Note 1 to entry: “Fluorescent material” is defined as “background material” in EN ISO 20471:2013.

3.9
orientation sensitive material

material having coefficients of retroreflection that differ by more than 15 % when measured at the two

rotation angles ß1 = 0° and ß2 = 90°
[SOURCE: EN ISO 20471:2013, 3.7]
3.10
flexible device
device that is capable of being bent
3.11
rigid device
device that is not capable of being bent
Note 1 to entry: e.g. injection moulded prismatic materials
3.12
daylight
light conditions similar to light outside after sunrise and before sunset
3.13
dark condition
light conditions similar to light outside after sunset and before sunrise
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3.14
twilight

period in the morning or, in the evening during which the sun is below the horizon, either from

daybreak to sunrise or from sunset to nightfall
3.15
torso

thorax and abdomen or section of the torso to which the limbs, head and neck are attached

[SOURCE: EN ISO 20471:2013, 3.8]
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1
Key
A Torso
B Limbs
Figure 1 — Torso and limbs
3.17
optical active area

part of the retroreflective material which has not lost any of the original photometric properties during

conversion into a device

Note 1 to entry: This includes, but it is not limited to, loss due to welding lines, holes or printing.

3.18
family of devices

group of devices made with identical raw materials (manufacturer, article number, reflected colour,

product variation etc.) and identical manufacturing process as the base of model
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4 Types and minimum area requirements
4.1 Types

The enhanced visibility equipment is grouped into three types based on the foreseeable conditions of

use:

— Type A equipment worn by users where only the daylight conditions of risk of not being seen exists

only at daylight conditions. This equipment uses only the fluorescent material as enhanced

visibility component.

— Type B equipment worn by users where risk of not being seen exists only at dark conditions. This

equipment uses only the retroreflective material as enhanced visibility component.

— Type C equipment worn by users where risk of not being seen exists during daylight, twilight and

dark conditions. This equipment uses the fluorescent as well as the retroreflective and/or

combined performance materials as enhanced visibility components.

Type B is subdivided, as below, depending on the total area worn or on the placement of the device on

user’s torso:

— Type B1 includes free hanging retroreflective devices only; these devices are designed for

movement recognition.

— Type B2 includes retroreflective devices or retroreflective material either temporarily or

permanently placed on limbs only; these products are designed for movement recognition. As a

minimum, the retroreflective material shall be positioned on the limbs as a separate removable

device or shall be incorporated into clothing design on a permanent basis as a retroreflective

element.

— Type B3 includes retroreflective material placed on body or body and limbs. These products are

designed for form recognition. Type B3 items shall not be a combination of permanently attached

reflective material and removable reflective devices.

NOTE 1 Additional retroreflective or combined-performance materials can be incorporated into garments.

Table 1 shows the different types.
Table 1 — Types
Type A Type B Type C
Daylight Dark conditions Daylight, twilight and dark
conditions
Equipment using Equipment using retroreflective Equipment using fluorescent
material material and retro-reflective or
fluorescent material
combined performance material
B1 (free hanging)
B2 (limbs)
B3 (on torso or torso and limbs)
NOTE 2 See Annex B for examples and drawings.
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4.2 Minimum area requirements

Each type shall have minimum areas of materials incorporated in the garment or equipment in

accordance with:
— Table 2 as required by type B1 and type B2; or
— Table 3 as required by garment type A, type B3 and type C.
Table 2 — Minimum required areas of material in m for types B1 and B2
a b
B1 B2
Retroreflective material 0,003 0,018
Total area of both sides of a single device.
If devices, the total area of two devices
Table 3 — Minimum required areas of material in m for types A, B3 and C
A B3 C A B3 C
Height h – torso a a
h ≤ 140 cm h > 140 cm
dimension
Fluorescent material 0,14 — 0,14 0,24 — 0,24
Retroreflective — 0,06 0,06 — 0,08 0,08
material
Combined — — 0,14 — — 0,24
performance material

If the height range (interval figures as described in EN ISO 13688) includes 140 cm (e.g. garment designed

for height range from 138 cm to 142 cm), then the requirements as stated in the column ” h > 140” apply.

Additional fluorescent and retroreflective or combined-performance materials may be incorporated

into garments.
5 Design requirements
5.1 Size designation

The size designation for garments shall be in accordance with the requirements of EN ISO 13688:2013.

5.2 Type A
5.2.1 General

Type A garments (including partial body protective clothing) shall in their design use at least the

minimum amount of fluorescent material according to Table 3.

NOTE 1 Protective clothing item are worn to cover one or more parts of the body, examples of partial body

protection are sleeves, aprons and chaps.
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The areas shall be measured on the smallest garment size intended to be supplied, in each of the two

height ranges specified in Table 3, with all fasteners adjusted to the smallest configuration possible and

with the garment laying flat on a table.

Fluorescent material areas covered by any logos, lettering, labels etc., are not counted towards the total

area.

NOTE 2 Conspicuity is best achieved by having well defined areas of fluorescent material. Fragmented or highly

patterned areas are undesirable.
5.2.2 Visibility from all sides (360° visibility)

Type A garments shall be made up of fluorescent material on all sides to ensure 360° visibility.

Fluorescent material shall be evenly distributed around the torso and/or shoulders and around the

limbs, if any.
Visibility from all sides shall be reached as follows:

— not less than 40 % of the minimum required amount of fluorescent material specified in Table 3 is

present on both the front and the back when laid flat, and

— not less than 10 % of the minimum required amount of fluorescent material specified in Table 3 is

present on both the right and left sides when laid flat on the back (respectively on the front).

Annex C and D show examples of designs and how to measure visibility from all sides.

5.3 Type B
5.3.1 General

These garments or devices shall in their design use at least the minimum amount of retroreflective

material according to Table 2 or Table 3.
5.3.2 Type B1 - Free hanging devices
5.3.2.1 General
The devices shall be removable.

The total area of the devices in use shall meet the requirements according to Table 2 as well as

coefficient of luminous intensity according to Table 6.
A type B1 device shall be retroreflective from both sides.

Its retroreflective active area shall be a minimum 15 cm per side. The total area shall be maximum

50 cm per side. In order to achieve 360° visibility at least two devices shall be used, these shall be used

on the left and the right side of the torso. This shall be specified in the user information.

The device shall be flat and its maximum thickness shall be 10 mm.

The means of attachment (string, ribbon, cord, spiral, etc.) shall be a minimum 10, maximum 14 cm in

length long between the points of attachment between on the garment and that on the reflector to

enable free movement of the device around its vertical axis and allow a pendulum effect.

If the device is intended for use by children up to the age of 14 years, the detachment pulling force of

the mean of attachment shall not be greater than 25 N, when testing according to EN 71-1:2014, 8.38.

5.3.3 Type B2 – Equipments for limbs

In order to achieve 360° visibility, at least one device and application on each side of the torso shall be

used or applied.
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The minimum area of retroreflective material shall fulfil the requirements in Table 2.

Retroreflective material shall be placed on the limbs in band form, providing each band maintains a

minimum width of 20 mm. Bands shall be placed to achieve encirclement of the limbs.

If separate retroreflective elements form part of a design these shall only be used provided that at least

one band ≥ 20mm in width encircles each limb. The retroreflective elements shall have a minimum area

of 25 cm each.

Any gap in the lengthwise continuity of each band of retroreflective material shall not be greater than

50 mm, measured parallel to the direction of the band, and the total of such gaps shall not be greater

than 100 mm in any one band around the limbs. Any offset not greater than the width of the band plus

5 mm is allowed.

Retroreflective elements shall be applied to meet or exceed the minimum retroreflective area

requirements of the garment.

In case of B2 garments covering upper and lower limbs, the retroreflective material can be applied only

on the upper limbs, only on the lower limbs or on both. In the latter case, the minimum amount of

Table 2 shall be used for upper limbs and again for the lower limbs.
5.3.4 Type B3 – Equipments for the torso or the torso and limbs

Retroreflective material is placed covering the torso or the torso and limbs designed for static and/or

movement recognition.

The minimum area of retroreflective material shall fulfil the requirements in Table 3.

Retroreflective material shall be in band form, providing each band maintains a minimum width of

20 mm. Bands shall be placed to achieve encirclement of the torso or the torso and limbs. In the area of

a garment where a sleeve is connected to the torso there may be a placement of retroreflective material,

in this case 360° is achieved by encirclement of the torso and outer-upper arm

If retroreflective elements form part of a design these shall only be used provided that at least one

band ≥ 20mm in width encircles the torso, enough retroreflective bands and elements shall be applied

to meet or exceed the minimum retroreflective area requirements..
If a B3 garment is designed with r
...

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