Radiation protection instrumentation - Installed radiation portal monitors (RPMs) for the detection of illicit trafficking of radioactive and nuclear materials (IEC 62244:2019)

This document defines the performance requirements of installed monitors used for the detection of gamma and neutron radiation emitters. These monitors are commonly known as radiation portal monitors or RPMs. They are used to monitor vehicles, cargo containers, people, or packages and are typically located at national and international border crossings. They may be used at any location where there is a need for this type of monitoring.

Strahlenschutz-Messgeräte - Fest installierte Portalmonitore für den Nachweis des unerlaubten Transports von radioaktiven Stoffen und spaltbarem Nuklearmaterial (IEC 62244:2019)

Instrumentation pour la radioprotection – Moniteurs de rayonnement installés (RPMs) pour la détection du trafic illicite des matières radioactives et nucléaires (IEC 62244:2019)

L'IEC 62244:2019 définit les exigences de performances des moniteurs installés, utilisés pour la détection des émetteurs de rayonnements gamma et neutroniques. Ces moniteurs sont le plus souvent utilisés comme portiques de détection des rayonnements (RPM). Ils sont utilisés pour surveiller des véhicules, des conteneurs de fret, des personnes ou des colis et ils sont le plus souvent situés aux frontières nationales et internationales. Ils peuvent être situés partout où ce type de surveillance est nécessaire. Le présent document établit les exigences générales, radiologiques, climatiques, mécaniques, électriques et électromagnétiques, ainsi que les exigences de documentation et les méthodes d'essai associées. Le présent document ne s'applique pas aux performances des moniteurs spectroscopiques pour portiques d'accès couverts par l'IEC 62484. Cette deuxième édition annule et remplace la première édition parue en 2006. Cette édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport à l'édition précédente:
a) cohérence de la norme avec les nouvelles normes relatives à la détection du trafic illicite de matière radioactive (voir Introduction);
b) création d'un essai de fonctionnalité brut pour tous les essais environnementaux, électromagnétiques et mécaniques, et d'une exigence relative au coefficient de variation de chaque relevé de moyenne nominal;
c) référence à l'IEC 62706 pour les conditions d'essais environnementaux, électromagnétiques et mécaniques;
d) ajout d'informations concernant l'exposition aux conditions climatiques.

Instrumenti za zaščito pred sevanjem - Vgrajeni monitorji sevanja (RPM) za odkrivanje nedovoljenega prometa z radioaktivnimi in jedrskimi snovmi (IEC 62244:2019)

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
30-Nov-2020
Publication Date
21-Feb-2021
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
19-Feb-2021
Due Date
26-Apr-2021
Completion Date
22-Feb-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN IEC 62244:2021
01-april-2021
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 62244:2011
Instrumenti za zaščito pred sevanjem - Vgrajeni monitorji sevanja (RPM) za
odkrivanje nedovoljenega prometa z radioaktivnimi in jedrskimi snovmi (IEC
62244:2019)

Radiation protection instrumentation - Installed radiation portal monitors (RPMs) for the

detection of illicit trafficking of radioactive and nuclear materials (IEC 62244:2019)

Strahlenschutz-Messgeräte - Fest installierte Portalmonitore für den Nachweis des

unerlaubten Transports von radioaktiven Stoffen und spaltbarem Nuklearmaterial (IEC

62244:2019)

Instrumentation pour la radioprotection Moniteurs de rayonnement installés (RPMs)

pour la détection du trafic illicite des matières radioactives et nucléaires (IEC

62244:2019)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN IEC 62244:2021
ICS:
13.280 Varstvo pred sevanjem Radiation protection
SIST EN IEC 62244:2021 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN IEC 62244:2021
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 62244:2021
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN IEC 62244
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
February 2021
ICS 13.280 Supersedes EN 62244:2011 and all of its amendments
and corrigenda (if any)
English Version
Radiation protection instrumentation - Installed radiation portal
monitors (RPMs) for the detection of illicit trafficking of
radioactive and nuclear materials
(IEC 62244:2019)

Instrumentation pour la radioprotection - Portiques de Strahlenschutz-Messgeräte - Fest installierte Portalmonitore

détection des rayonnements (RPM) installés pour la für den Nachweis des unerlaubten Transports von

détection du trafic illicite de matières radioactives et radioaktiven Stoffen und spaltbarem Nuklearmaterial

nucléaires (IEC 62244:2019)
(IEC 62244:2019)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2021-01-25. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN IEC 62244:2021 E
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SIST EN IEC 62244:2021
EN IEC 62244:2021 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN IEC 62244:2021) consists of the text of IEC 62244:2019 prepared by SC 45B

"Radiation protection instrumentation" of IEC/TC 45 "Nuclear instrumentation".
The following dates are fixed:

• latest date by which the document has to be implemented at national (dop) 2022-01-25

level by publication of an identical national standard or by endorsement

• latest date by which the national standards conflicting with the (dow) 2024-01-25

document have to be withdrawn

This document supersedes EN 62244:2011 and all of its amendments and corrigenda (if any).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 62244:2019 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.
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SIST EN IEC 62244:2021
EN IEC 62244:2021 (E)
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments)

applies.

NOTE 1 Where an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the

relevant EN/HD applies.

NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is available

here: www.cenelec.eu.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 60050-395 - International Electrotechnical Vocabulary - - -
Part 395: Nuclear instrumentation: Physical
phenomena, basic concepts, instruments,
systems, equipment and detectors
IEC 60068-2-5 - Environmental testing – Part 2-5: Tests – EN IEC 60068-2-5 -
Test S: Simulated solar radiation at ground
level and guidance for solar radiation
testing and weathering
IEC 60068-2-11 - Basic environmental testing procedures - EN 60068-2-11 -
Part 2-11: Tests - Test Ka: Salt mist
IEC 61187 - Electrical and electronic measuring EN 61187 -
equipment - Documentation
IEC 62706 - Radiation protection instrumentation - - -
Environmental, electromagnetic and
mechanical performance requirements
IEC 62755 - Radiation protection instrumentation - Data - -
format for radiation instruments used in the
detection of illicit trafficking of radioactive
materials
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SIST EN IEC 62244:2021
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SIST EN IEC 62244:2021
IEC 62244
Edition 2.0 2019-05
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Radiation protection instrumentation – Installed radiation portal monitors

(RPMs) for the detection of illicit trafficking of radioactive and nuclear materials

Instrumentation pour la radioprotection – Portiques de détection des
rayonnements (RPM) installés pour la détection du trafic illicite de matières
radioactives et nucléaires
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 13.280 ISBN 978-2-8322-6660-1

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
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SIST EN IEC 62244:2021
– 2 – IEC 62244:2019 © IEC 2019
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 5

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 7

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 8

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 8

3 Terms and definitions, abbreviated terms and symbols, quantities and units .................... 8

3.1 Terms and definitions .............................................................................................. 8

3.2 Abbreviated terms and symbols ............................................................................ 10

3.3 Quantities and units .............................................................................................. 10

4 General characteristics and requirements ...................................................................... 10

4.1 General ................................................................................................................. 10

4.1.1 Overview ....................................................................................................... 10

4.1.2 Pedestrian ..................................................................................................... 11

4.1.3 Road vehicles ................................................................................................ 12

4.1.4 Rail vehicles (includes rail transported containers) ........................................ 12

4.1.5 Conveyor ....................................................................................................... 12

4.2 Configuration ........................................................................................................ 13

4.3 Indication features ................................................................................................ 14

4.4 Speed control ....................................................................................................... 14

4.5 Communication interface....................................................................................... 14

4.5.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 14

4.5.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 15

4.6 Data ...................................................................................................................... 15

4.6.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 15

4.6.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 15

5 General test procedures ................................................................................................ 15

5.1 Statistical fluctuations ........................................................................................... 15

5.2 Standard test conditions ....................................................................................... 16

5.3 Functionality test ................................................................................................... 16

5.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 16

5.3.2 Pre-test measurements .................................................................................. 16

5.3.3 Intermediate (during test) measurements ....................................................... 17

5.3.4 Post-test measurements ................................................................................ 17

5.4 Reference radiation .............................................................................................. 17

5.4.1 Gamma .......................................................................................................... 17

5.4.2 Neutron ......................................................................................................... 17

6 Radiation detection requirements .................................................................................. 18

6.1 False alarms ......................................................................................................... 18

6.1.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 18

6.1.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 18

6.2 Background effects ............................................................................................... 18

6.2.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 18

6.2.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 18

6.3 Gamma radiation detection ................................................................................... 19

6.3.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 19

6.3.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 19

6.4 Neutron radiation detection, if provided ................................................................. 19

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SIST EN IEC 62244:2021
IEC 62244:2019 © IEC 2019 – 3 –

6.4.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 19

6.4.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 19

6.5 Detection of neutron radiation in a high gamma field ............................................. 19

6.5.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 19

6.5.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 19

6.6 Over-range indication ............................................................................................ 20

6.6.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 20

6.6.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 20

7 Climatic requirements .................................................................................................... 20

7.1 General ................................................................................................................. 20

7.2 Ambient temperature............................................................................................. 20

7.2.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 20

7.2.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 20

7.3 Relative humidity .................................................................................................. 21

7.3.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 21

7.3.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 21

7.4 Dust and moisture protection ................................................................................ 21

7.4.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 21

7.4.2 Method of test – dust ..................................................................................... 21

7.4.3 Method of test – moisture .............................................................................. 22

7.5 Climatic exposure type test ................................................................................... 22

7.5.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 22

7.5.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 22

8 Mechanical requirements ............................................................................................... 22

8.1 Vibration ............................................................................................................... 22

8.1.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 22

8.1.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 22

8.2 Impact (microphonic) ............................................................................................ 23

8.2.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 23

8.2.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 23

9 Electric and electromagnetic requirements .................................................................... 23

9.1 Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) ............................................................................... 23

9.1.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 23

9.1.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 23

9.2 Radio Frequency (RF) ........................................................................................... 23

9.2.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 23

9.2.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 23

9.3 Radiated RF emissions ......................................................................................... 24

9.3.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 24

9.3.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 24

9.4 Conducted disturbances........................................................................................ 24

9.4.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 24

9.4.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 24

9.5 Surges and oscillatory waves ................................................................................ 24

9.5.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 24

9.5.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 24

9.6 Line voltage and frequency fluctuations ................................................................ 25

9.6.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 25

9.6.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 25

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SIST EN IEC 62244:2021
– 4 – IEC 62244:2019 © IEC 2019

10 Documentation .............................................................................................................. 25

10.1 Operation and maintenance manual ...................................................................... 25

10.2 Test certificate ...................................................................................................... 25

10.3 Declaration of conformity ...................................................................................... 26

Figure 1 – Example of a two-sided system ............................................................................ 11

Table 1 – Standards for instrumentation used to detect illicit trafficking of radioactive

and nuclear materials ............................................................................................................. 7

Table 2 – Speed of moving sources ...................................................................................... 12

Table 3 – Evaluation distances for different applications ....................................................... 13

Table 4 – Standard test conditions ........................................................................................ 16

Table 5 – Test result analysis ............................................................................................... 17

Table 6 – Summary of performance requirements (informative) ............................................. 26

Table 7 – Environmental requirements (informative) ............................................................. 27

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SIST EN IEC 62244:2021
IEC 62244:2019 © IEC 2019 – 5 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
RADIATION PROTECTION INSTRUMENTATION –
INSTALLED RADIATION PORTAL MONITORS (RPMS) FOR
THE DETECTION OF ILLICIT TRAFFICKING OF RADIOACTIVE
AND NUCLEAR MATERIALS
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 62244 has been prepared by subcommittee 45B: Radiation

protection instrumentation, of IEC technical committee 45: Nuclear instrumentation.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition issued in 2006. This edition

constitutes a technical revision.

This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous

edition:

a) making the standard consistent with the new standards for detection of illicit trafficking of

radioactive material (see the Introduction);

b) creating unformed functionality test for all environmental, electromagnetic and mechanical

tests and a requirement for the coefficient of variation of each nominal mean reading;

c) reference to IEC 62706 for the environmental, electromagnetic and mechanical test

conditions;
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SIST EN IEC 62244:2021
– 6 – IEC 62244:2019 © IEC 2019
d) adding information regarding climatic exposures.
The text of this International Standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
45B/929/FDIS 45B/930/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this International Standard can be found in

the report on voting indicated in the above table.

This document has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The committee has decided that the contents of this document will remain unchanged until the

stability date indicated on the IEC website under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data related to

the specific document. At this date, the document will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
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SIST EN IEC 62244:2021
IEC 62244:2019 © IEC 2019 – 7 –
INTRODUCTION

Illicit and inadvertent movement of radioactive materials has become a problem of increasing

importance. Radioactive sources out of regulatory control, so-called “orphan sources”, have

frequently caused serious radiation exposures and widespread contamination. Although illicit

trafficking of nuclear and other radioactive materials is not a new phenomenon, concern about

a nuclear “black market” has increased in the last few years particularly in view of its terrorist

potential.

In response to the technical policy of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the

World Customs Organization (WCO) and the International Criminal Police Organization

(Interpol) related to the detection and identification of special nuclear materials and security

trends, nuclear instrumentation companies are developing and manufacturing radiation

instrumentation to assist in the detection of illicit movement of radioactive and special nuclear

materials. This type of instrumentation is widely used for security purposes at nuclear

facilities, border control checkpoints, and international seaports and airports.

However, to ensure that measurement results made at different locations are consistent it is

imperative that radiation instrumentation be designed to rigorous specifications based upon

agreed performance requirements stated in international standards. Several IEC standards

have been developed to address body-worn, hand-held and portal instruments, see Table 1.

Table 1 – Standards for instrumentation used to detect illicit
trafficking of radioactive and nuclear materials
Type of IEC
Title of the standard
instrumentation number
Radiation protection instrumentation – Alarming Personal Radiation Devices
62401
(PRDs) for the detection of illicit trafficking of radioactive material
Radiation protection instrumentation – Spectroscopy-Based Alarming Personal

Body-worn 62618 Radiation Detectors (SPRD) for the detection of illicit trafficking of radioactive

material

Radiation protection instrumentation – Backpack-type radiation detector (BRD) for

62694
the detection of illicit trafficking of radioactive material

Radiation protection instrumentation – Hand-held instruments for the detection and

62327 identification of radionuclides and for the estimation of ambient dose equivalent

rate from photon radiation
Portable or hand-

Radiation protection instrumentation – Highly sensitive hand-held instruments for

held 62533
photon detection of radioactive material

Radiation protection instrumentation – Highly sensitive hand-held instruments for

62534
neutron detection of radioactive material

Radiation protection instrumentation – Installed radiation portal monitors (RPMs)

62244
for the detection of illicit trafficking of radioactive and nuclear materials
Portal
Radiation protection instrumentation – Spectroscopy-based portal monitors used
62484

for the detection and identification of illicit trafficking of radioactive material

Radiation protection instrumentation – Data format for radiation instruments used

Data format 62755
in the detection of illicit trafficking of radioactive materials
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SIST EN IEC 62244:2021
– 8 – IEC 62244:2019 © IEC 2019
RADIATION PROTECTION INSTRUMENTATION –
INSTALLED RADIATION PORTAL MONITORS (RPMS) FOR
THE DETECTION OF ILLICIT TRAFFICKING OF RADIOACTIVE
AND NUCLEAR MATERIALS
1 Scope

This document defines the performance requirements of installed monitors used for the

detection of gamma and neutron radiation emitters. These monitors are commonly known as

radiation portal monitors or RPMs. They are used to monitor vehicles, cargo containers,

peopl
...

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