Protective clothing for firefighters - Laboratory test methods and performance requirements for wildland firefighting clothing (ISO 15384:2018)

This International Standard specifies methods of test and minimum performance requirements for protective clothing to
be worn in wildland firefighting and associated activities. This clothing is not intended to provide protection during fire
entrapment. This International Standard applies to the general design of the garment, the minimum level of performance for the materials employed and the methods of test to determine these levels.
This International Standard is not applicable to clothing for use in risk situations where clothing complying with ISO 11613 or
ISO 15538 is more suitable, nor does this International Standard cover clothing to protect against chemical, biological, electrical
or radiation hazards.This International Standard is not applicable to protection of the head (it may cover the necks), eyes, hand, feet and respiratory system. These aspects may be dealt with in
other International Standards.

Schutzkleidung für die Feuerwehr - Laborprüfverfahren und Leistungsanforderungen für Schutzkleidung für die Brandbekämpfung im freien Gelände (ISO 15384:2018)

Diese Internationale Norm legt Prüfverfahren und Mindestleistungsanforderungen für persönliche Schutzkleidung fest, die den Körper des Trägers, außer Kopf, Händen und Füßen, schützen soll und die für den Einsatz bei der Brandbekämpfung im freien Gelände und den damit verbundenen Aktivitäten bestimmt ist. Diese Kleidung ist nicht dafür ausgelegt für den Fall Schutz zu bieten, dass der Träger vom Feuer eingeschlossen ist. Diese Internationale Norm behandelt die allgemeine Ausführung der Kleidungsstücke, die von den verwendeten Materialien mindestens zu erreichende Leistungsstufe und die Prüfverfahren zur Bestimmung dieser Stufen.
Diese Internationale Norm gilt nicht für Schutzkleidung für die Brandbekämpfung in Gebäuden (nach EN 469, ISO 11613 [derzeit in Überprüfung], oder ISO 11999 3), für Rettungseinsätze (nach ISO 18639) oder für Fälle, in denen eine hohe Infrarotstrahlung zu erwarten ist (ISO 15538 oder EN 1486). Ebenso wenig ist Kleidung zum Schutz vor chemischen, biologischen, elektrischen oder Strahlungsgefährdungen Gegenstand dieser Internationalen Norm.

Habillement de protection pour sapeurs-pompiers - Méthodes d'essai en laboratoire et exigences de performance pour vêtements portés pendant la lutte contre les feux d'espaces naturels (ISO 15384:2018)

Le présent document spécifie des méthodes d'essai et des exigences minimales de performance relatives à l'habillement de protection individuelle conçu pour protéger le corps de l'utilisateur, à l'exception de la tête, des mains et des pieds, et portés pendant la lutte contre les feux d'espaces naturels et les activités connexes. Cet habillement n'est pas destiné à assurer une protection en cas d'encerclement par le feu. Le présent document s'applique à la conception générale du vêtement, au niveau minimal de performance des matériaux employés et aux méthodes d'essai permettant de déterminer ces niveaux.
Le présent document ne s'applique pas aux vêtements destinés à être utilisés dans le cadre de situations relevant de la lutte contre les incendies de structures (EN 469 ou ISO 11999‑3) ou des activités de sauvetage (ISO 18639), ou lorsqu'un niveau élevé de rayonnement infrarouge est envisagé (ISO 15538 ou EN 1486). Le présent document ne traite pas non plus de l'habillement de protection contre les dangers chimiques, biologiques, électriques et radiologiques. Le présent document ne couvre pas les protections contre les risques mécaniques élevés, telles que celles utilisées, par exemple, pour les travaux impliquant des scies-à-chaîne.

Zaščitna obleka za gasilce - Laboratorijske preskusne metode in zahtevane lastnosti gasilskih oblek za gašenje v naravi (ISO 15384:2018)

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
19-Jan-2017
Publication Date
17-Jun-2020
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
12-May-2020
Due Date
17-Jul-2020
Completion Date
18-Jun-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 15384:2020
01-julij-2020
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 15614:2007
Zaščitna obleka za gasilce - Laboratorijske preskusne metode in zahtevane
lastnosti gasilskih oblek za gašenje v naravi (ISO 15384:2018)
Protective clothing for firefighters - Laboratory test methods and performance
requirements for wildland firefighting clothing (ISO 15384:2018)

Schutzkleidung für die Feuerwehr - Laborprüfverfahren und Leistungsanforderungen für

Schutzkleidung für die Brandbekämpfung im freien Gelände (ISO 15384:2018)

Habillement de protection pour sapeurs-pompiers - Méthodes d'essai en laboratoire et

exigences de performance pour vêtements portés pendant la lutte contre les feux
d'espaces naturels (ISO 15384:2018)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 15384:2020
ICS:
13.220.10 Gašenje požara Fire-fighting
13.340.10 Varovalna obleka Protective clothing
SIST EN ISO 15384:2020 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 15384:2020
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SIST EN ISO 15384:2020
EN ISO 15384
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
April 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.340.10 Supersedes EN 15614:2007
English Version
Protective clothing for firefighters - Laboratory test
methods and performance requirements for wildland
firefighting clothing (ISO 15384:2018)

Habillement de protection pour sapeurs-pompiers - Schutzkleidung für die Feuerwehr -

Méthodes d'essai en laboratoire et exigences de Laborprüfverfahren und Leistungsanforderungen für

performance pour vêtements portés pendant la lutte Schutzkleidung für die Brandbekämpfung im freien

contre les feux d'espaces naturels (ISO 15384:2018) Gelände (ISO 15384:2018)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 15 April 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 15384:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 15384:2020
EN ISO 15384:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 15384:2020
EN ISO 15384:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 15384:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 94 "Personal

safety - Personal protective equipment" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 162

“Protective clothing including hand and arm protection and lifejackets” the secretariat of which is held

by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2020, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by October 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 15614:2007.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 15384:2018 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 15384:2020 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 15384:2020
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SIST EN ISO 15384:2020
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 15384
Second edition
2018-07
Protective clothing for firefighters —
Laboratory test methods and
performance requirements for
wildland firefighting clothing
Habillement de protection pour sapeurs-pompiers — Méthodes
d'essai en laboratoire et exigences de performance pour vêtements
portés pendant la lutte contre les feux d'espaces naturels
Reference number
ISO 15384:2018(E)
ISO 2018
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SIST EN ISO 15384:2020
ISO 15384:2018(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2018

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 15384:2020
ISO 15384:2018(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Clothing design ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2 Collar ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

4.3 Protective coverall or protective suit ................................................................................................................................... 4

4.4 Pockets ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.5 Hardware ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.6 Retroreflective and/or fluorescent materials .............................................................................................................. 5

4.7 Sleeves ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

4.8 Trousers ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

5 Sampling and pre-treatment .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.2 Sampling ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.3 Pre-treatment by cleaning ............................................................................................................................................................ 6

5.4 Conditioning .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

5.5 Exposure surface ................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.6 Ageing ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

6 Thermal requirements ................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.1 Flamespread .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 7

6.1.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.1.2 Face ignition ......................................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.1.3 Edge ignition ...................................................................... .................................................................................................. 7

6.2 Heat transfer (radiation) ................................................................................................................................................................ 8

6.3 Heat resistance ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

6.3.1 Heat resistance of the sewing thread ............................................................................................................. 8

6.3.2 Heat resistance of retroreflective/fluorescent materials ............................................................. 8

7 Mechanical requirements ........................................................................................................................................................................... 8

7.1 Tensile strength ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

7.2 Tear strength ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

7.3 Main seam strength............................................................................................................................................................................. 8

8 Ergonomic and comfort requirements .......................................................................................................................................... 9

8.1 Thermal resistance .............................................................................................................................................................................. 9

8.2 Water vapour resistance ................................................................................................................................................................. 9

9 General ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

9.1 Dimensional change after washing and/or dry-cleaning ................................................................................... 9

9.2 Retroreflective and/or fluorescent performance ...................................................................................................... 9

9.3 Summary of performance requirements .......................................................................................................................... 9

10 Marking and labelling ..................................................................................................................................................................................11

10.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................11

10.2 Label durability and legibility .................................................................................................................................................11

10.3 Compliance marking requirements ...................................................................................................................................11

11 Information supplied by the manufacturer ..........................................................................................................................12

Annex A (normative) Uncertainty of measurement and determination of property values

for the rating and classification .........................................................................................................................................................13

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................14

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 15384:2020
ISO 15384:2018(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: www .iso .org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 94, Personal safety — Protective clothing

and equipment, Subcommittee SC 14, Fire-fighters' personal equipment.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition of ISO 15384:2003 which has been technically

revised.
iv © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 15384:2020
ISO 15384:2018(E)
Introduction

The purpose of this document is to provide minimum performance requirements for protective

clothing designed for use for extended periods during wildland firefighting activities. The minimum

performance requirements and methods of test for personal protective equipment (PPE) covering the

head, hands, feet, eyes and ears for wildland firefighting are covered in ISO 16073.

Wildland firefighting involves work primarily in summer temperatures, for many hours in which the

firefighter can develop high levels of metabolic heat. Loose-fitting clothing is as important as the fire

resistance of materials in preventing serious burn injury. Clothing that is tight-fitting poses a danger

to the wildland firefighter from radiant heat and heat stress, while, at the same time, diminishing the

firefighter's ability to perform. Consequently, the protective clothing needs to be light, flexible and

commensurate with the risks to which the firefighter can be exposed in order to be effective without

introducing heat stress to the wearer.

Accordingly, a risk assessment (ISO/TR 21808) needs to be undertaken to determine if the clothing

covered by this document is suitable for its intended use and the expected exposure. This document

does not cover clothing for use in higher risk situations, where clothing complying with ISO 11999-3

or EN 469 (structural firefighting) or even ISO 15538 or EN 1486 (firefighting with reflective outer

surface), is more suitable, nor does this document cover clothing to protect against chemical, biological,

electrical or radiation hazards. This document does not cover risk related to rescue operations that are

covered in ISO 18639 or EN 16689.

The risk assessment needs to include what additional personal protective equipment is necessary for

the head, hand and feet. In some situations, respiratory protection may also be required.

Firefighters need to be trained in the use, care and maintenance of the protective clothing covered by

this document, including an understanding of its limitation.
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 15384:2020
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SIST EN ISO 15384:2020
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 15384:2018(E)
Protective clothing for firefighters — Laboratory test
methods and performance requirements for wildland
firefighting clothing
1 Scope

This document specifies methods of test and minimum performance requirements for personal protective

clothing, designed to protect the wearer’s body, except for the head, hands, and feet, that is worn during

wildland firefighting and associated activities. This clothing is not intended to provide protection

during fire entrapment. This document covers the general design of the garment, the minimum level of

performance for the materials employed and the methods of test to determine these levels.

This document is not applicable to clothing for use in situations encountered in structural firefighting

(EN 469 or ISO 11999-3), rescue (ISO 18639) or where a high level of infrared radiation is expected

(ISO 15538 or EN 1486), nor does this document cover clothing to protect against chemical, biological,

electrical or radiation hazards. This document does not provide protection against high mechanical

risks such as for protection when using chain saws.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 139, Textiles — Standard atmospheres for conditioning and testing

ISO 3146, Plastics — Determination of melting behaviour (melting temperature or melting range) of semi-

crystalline polymers by capillary tube and polarizing-microscope methods

ISO 4674-1, Rubber- or plastics-coated fabrics — Determination of tear resistance — Part 1: Constant rate

of tear methods
ISO 5077, Textiles — Determination of dimensional change in washing and drying

ISO 6942:2002, Protective clothing — Protection against heat and fire — Method of test: Evaluation of

materials and material assemblies when exposed to a source of radiant heat

ISO 11092, Textiles — Physiological effects — Measurement of thermal and water-vapour resistance under

steady-state conditions (sweating guarded-hotplate test)

ISO 12947-2, Textiles — Determination of the abrasion resistance of fabrics by the Martindale method —

Part 2: Determination of specimen breakdown
ISO 13688, Protective clothing — General requirements

ISO 13934-1, Textiles — Tensile properties of fabrics — Part 1: Determination of maximum force and

elongation at maximum force using the strip method

ISO 13935-2, Textiles — Seam tensile properties of fabrics and made-up textile articles — Part 2:

Determination of maximum force to seam rupture using the grab method

ISO 13937-2, Textiles — Tear properties of fabrics — Part 2: Determination of tear force of trouser-shaped

test specimens (Single tear method)

ISO 15025:2016, Protective clothing — Protection against flame — Method of test for limited flame spread

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 15384:2020
ISO 15384:2018(E)

ISO 17493, Clothing and equipment for protection against heat — Test method for convective heat

resistance using a hot air circulating oven
ISO 20471:2013, High visibility clothing — Test methods and requirements
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http: //www .electropedia .org/
3.1
ageing
changing of the product performance over time during use or storage
Note 1 to entry: Ageing is caused by a combination of several factors, such as:
— cleaning, maintenance, or disinfecting processes;
— exposure to visible and/or ultraviolet radiation;
— exposure to high or low temperatures or to changing temperatures;
— exposure to chemicals including humidity;

— exposure to biological agents such as bacteria, fungi, insects, or other pests;

— exposure to mechanical action such as abrasion, flexing, pressure, and strain;
— exposure to contaminants such as dirt, oil, splashes of molten metal, etc.;
— exposure to wear and tear.
3.2
cleaning

process by which a Personal Protective Equipment, (PPE), is made again serviceable and/or hygienically

wearable by removing any dirt or contamination
3.3
cleaning cycle
washing and a drying cycle or dry-cleaning cycle

Note 1 to entry: A cleaning cycle is typically a washing and drying cycle or a dry-cleaning cycle followed, if

required, by ironing or other finishing.
3.4
closure system

method of fastening/unfastening the openings in the garment, including combinations of more than

one method of achieving a secure closure
Note 1 to entry: This term does not cover seams.
3.5
component assembly

combination of all materials and hardware of a multi-layer garment presented exactly as the finished

garment construction
2 © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 15384:2020
ISO 15384:2018(E)
3.6
conditioning

keeping the samples under standard conditions of temperature and relative humidity for a minimum

period of time
3.7
hardware

non-fabric items used in protective clothing including those made of metal or plastic

3.8
main seam
seam which is essential to the integrity of the garment
3.9
material combination

material produced from a series of separate layers, combined prior to the garment manufacturing stage

EXAMPLE A quilted fabric.
3.10
outer material
outermost material of which the protective clothing is made
3.11
pre-treatment
standard way of preparing the samples before testing

Note 1 to entry: This can include subjecting the sample to a specific number of cleaning cycles; to heat, mechanical

action or other relevant exposure followed by conditioning of the sample.
3.12
personal protective equipment
PPE

device or appliance designed to be worn or held by an individual for protection against one or more

health and safety hazards
3.13
personal protective clothing
PPC

garment designed and configured to provide protection to the torso, neck, arms, and legs, excluding the

head, hands, and feet
3.14
protective coverall

one-piece garment designed and configured to provide protection to the torso, neck, arms and legs,

excluding the head, hands and feet
3.15
protective garment
clothing which consists of either single or multi-layers
3.16
protective suit

two-piece garment consisting of an upper and lower garment worn together, designed and configured

to provide protection to the torso, neck, arms and legs
EXAMPLE Protective coat, protective trouser, or protective coverall.
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 3
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SIST EN ISO 15384:2020
ISO 15384:2018(E)
3.17
rank markings
means of identifying the firefighter
EXAMPLE Badges, patches or embroideries.
3.18
seam

permanent junction between two or more pieces of textile material created by sewing, welding, or

other methods
3.19
wildland firefighting

suppression action involving a fire in vegetative fuels such as forest, crops, plantations, grass or

farmland

Note 1 to entry: Suppression actions can include back-burning involving a fire in vegetative fuels such as forest,

crops, plantations, grass or farmland.
4 Clothing design
4.1 General

Personal protective garments for firefighters capable of satisfying the levels of performance specified in

this document shall protect the wearer’s body, except the head, hands, and feet. It may be comprised of

— a coverall,
— a protective suit provided with an interface overlap area, or
— a number of inner and/or outer garments designed to be worn together.

General requirements which are not specifically covered in this document shall be in accordance with

ISO 13688.

Personal protective garments shall not restrict the wearer in any of the movements expected to be

made during wildland firefighting, for example bending, reaching, twisting, and crouching.

Closure systems, label accessories, touch and close fasteners, retro-reflective and/or fluorescent

materials etc. attached to the personal protective clothing shall be designed to not adversely affect the

clothing’s performance.
All closure systems shall be designed to prevent the entry of burning debris.

Conformity shall be assessed by visual inspection and practical testing, such as to check sizing and

correct fit by donning and doffing of the garment.
NOTE For more information, see ISO/TS 11999-2.
4.2 Collar

All protective clothing shall have a collar that encircles and protects the neck and have a closure system

to keep the collar closed up the outer edge.
Conformity shall be assessed by visual inspection.
4.3 P
...

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