Security and resilience - Vocabulary (ISO 22300:2021)

Sicherheit und Resilienz - Vokabular (ISO 22300:2021)

Dieses Dokument legt Begriffe fest, die in den Normen zur Sicherheit und Resilienz verwendet werden.

Sécurité et résilience - Vocabulaire (ISO 22300:2021)

Varnost in vzdržljivost - Slovar (ISO 22300:2021)

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
08-Jun-2020
Publication Date
24-Mar-2021
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
18-Mar-2021
Due Date
23-May-2021
Completion Date
25-Mar-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 22300:2021
01-maj-2021
Nadomešča:
SIST EN ISO 22300:2018
Varnost in vzdržljivost - Slovar (ISO 22300:2021)
Security and resilience - Vocabulary (ISO 22300:2021)
Sicherheit und Resilienz - Vokabular (ISO 22300:2021)
Sécurité et résilience - Vocabulaire (ISO 22300:2021)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 22300:2021
ICS:
01.040.03 Storitve. Organizacija Services. Company
podjetja, vodenje in kakovost. organization, management
Uprava. Transport. and quality. Administration.
Sociologija. (Slovarji) Transport. Sociology.
(Vocabularies)
03.100.01 Organizacija in vodenje Company organization and
podjetja na splošno management in general
SIST EN ISO 22300:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 22300:2021
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SIST EN ISO 22300:2021
EN ISO 22300
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
March 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 01.040.03; 03.100.01 Supersedes EN ISO 22300:2018
English Version
Security and resilience - Vocabulary (ISO 22300:2021)

Sécurité et résilience - Vocabulaire (ISO 22300:2021) Sicherheit und Resilienz - Vokabular (ISO 22300:2021)

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 23 February 2021.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 22300:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 22300:2021
EN ISO 22300:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 22300:2021
EN ISO 22300:2021 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 22300:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 292 "Security

and resilience" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 391 “Societal and Citizen Security”

the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by September 2021, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by September 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 22300:2018.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 22300:2021 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 22300:2021 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 22300:2021
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SIST EN ISO 22300:2021
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 22300
Third edition
2021-02
Security and resilience — Vocabulary
Sécurité et résilience — Vocabulaire
Reference number
ISO 22300:2021(E)
ISO 2021
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SIST EN ISO 22300:2021
ISO 22300:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
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Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 22300:2021
ISO 22300:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.1 Terms related to security and resilience .......................................................................................................................... 1

3.2 Terms related to counterfeiting tax stamps ................................................................................................................38

3.3 Terms related to supply chain .................................................................................................................................................43

3.4 Terms related to CCTV ...................................................................................................................................................................44

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................46

Index .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................47

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 22300:2021
ISO 22300:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 292, Security and resilience, in

collaboration with the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) Technical Committee CEN/

TC 391, Societal and Citizen Security, in accordance with the Agreement on technical cooperation

between ISO and CEN (Vienna Agreement).

This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition (ISO 22300:2018), which has been technically

revised. The main changes compared with the previous edition are as follows:

— terms have been added from recent published documents and documents transferred to ISO/TC 292;

— the terminological entries have been separated into subclauses by subject matter.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 22300:2021
ISO 22300:2021(E)
Introduction

This document provides definitions of generic terms and subject-specific terms related to documents

produced by ISO/TC 292. It covers the ISO 22300 family of standards as well as some documents in the

ISO 28000 family of standards.

It aims to encourage a mutual and consistent understanding and use of uniform terms and definitions

in processes and frameworks in the field of security and resilience.

This document can be applied as a reference by competent authorities, as well as by specialists involved

in standardization systems, to better and more accurately understand relevant text, correspondences

and communications.

The terms and definitions in 3.2, 3.3, 3.4 apply only to counterfeiting tax stamps standards, to supply

chain standards or to CCTV standards, respectively, and do not apply generally.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 22300:2021
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SIST EN ISO 22300:2021
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 22300:2021(E)
Security and resilience — Vocabulary
1 Scope
This document defines terms used in security and resilience standards.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1 Terms related to security and resilience
3.1.1
access

ability of the rights holders (3.1.214) to use or benefit (3.1.17) from a certain service or product

Note 1 to entry: Restrictions can be caused by distance to the source (e.g. water supply network does not reach a

certain neighbourhood) or unaffordability (e.g. service is too costly for a certain household or group of people),

among other reasons.
3.1.2
activity
set of one or more tasks with a defined output
3.1.3
adhesive
glue
chemical mixture that bonds two materials together
Note 1 to entry: It can be enabled by heat, pressure or chemistry.
3.1.4
affected area

location that has been impacted by a disruptive event (3.1.76) (incident, accident, disaster)

Note 1 to entry: The term is more relevant to immediate evacuations (3.1.92).
3.1.5
after-action report
final exercise report

document (3.1.77) that records, describes and analyses the actual disruption (3.1.75) or exercise (3.1.97),

drawing on debriefs and reports from observers (3.1.163), and derives lessons from it

Note 1 to entry: The after-action report documents the results from the after-action review (3.1.211).

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 22300:2021
ISO 22300:2021(E)
3.1.6
alert

part of public warning (3.1.197) that captures attention of first responders and people at risk (3.1.176) in

a developing emergency (3.1.87) situation
3.1.7
all clear
message or signal that the danger is over
3.1.8
all-hazards

naturally occurring event (3.1.96), human induced event (both intentional and unintentional) and

technology caused event with potential impact (3.1.118) on an organization (3.1.165), community

(3.1.39) or society and the environment on which it depends
3.1.9
alternate worksite

work location, other than the primary location, to be used when the primary location is not accessible

3.1.10
analysis area
subject matter that has been selected to be peer reviewed (3.1.174)

EXAMPLE Governance of risk management (3.1.224), assessment of risk, financial capacity, urban

development, climate change adaptation and ecosystem protection, institutional capacity, community (3.1.39)

and societal capacity, economic and business continuity (3.1.19), infrastructure (3.1.128), public health, recovering

and rebuilding.
3.1.11
analysis system

set of interconnecting parts that work together to form and deliver an analysis area (3.1.10)

3.1.12
area at risk

location that could be affected by a disruptive event (3.1.76) (incident, accident, disaster)

Note 1 to entry: The term is more relevant to preventative evacuations (3.1.92).
3.1.13
asset
anything that has value to an organization (3.1.165)

Note 1 to entry: Assets include but are not limited to human, physical, information (3.1.127), intangible and

environmental resources (3.1.207).
3.1.14
audit

systematic, independent and documented process (3.1.190) for obtaining audit evidence and evaluating

it objectively to determine the extent to which the audit criteria are fulfilled

Note 1 to entry: An audit can be an internal audit (3.1.134) (first party) or an external audit (second party or third

party), and it can be a combined audit (combining two or more disciplines).

Note 2 to entry: An internal audit is conducted by the organization (3.1.165) itself, or by an external party on

its behalf.
Note 3 to entry: “Audit evidence” and “audit criteria” are defined in ISO 19011.

Note 4 to entry: The fundamental elements of an audit include the determination of the conformity (3.1.44) of an

object (3.1.161) according to a procedure (3.1.189) carried out by personnel (3.1.179) not being responsible for the

object audited.
2 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 22300:2021
ISO 22300:2021(E)

Note 5 to entry: An internal audit can be for management (3.1.144) review (3.1.211) and other internal purposes

and can form the basis for an organization’s declaration of conformity. Independence can be demonstrated

by the freedom from responsibility for the activity (3.1.2) being audited. External audits include second- and

third-party audits. Second-party audits are conducted by parties having an interest in the organization, such

as customers, or by other persons on their behalf. Third-party audits are conducted by external, independent

auditing organizations, such as those providing certification/registration of conformity or government agencies.

Note 6 to entry: This constitutes one of the common terms and core definitions of the high level structure for ISO

management system standards. The original definition has been modified by adding Notes 4 and 5 to entry.

3.1.15
auditor
person who conducts an audit (3.1.14)
[SOURCE: ISO 19011:2018, 3.15]
3.1.16
basic social services

set of services delivered in education, health and social areas, as a means to fulfil basic needs

3.1.17
benefit

measurable improvement resulting from the changes introduced as a result of a peer review (3.1.174)

Note 1 to entry: Benefits can be tangible or intangible, quantifiable or non-quantifiable, and financial or non-

financial.
3.1.18
biodiversity

variability among living organisms from all sources including land, marine and other aquatic ecosystems

(3.1.84) and the ecological complexes of which the organisms are part

Note 1 to entry: This includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems. Biodiversity is thus

not only the sum of all ecosystems, species and genetic material, but rather represents the variability within and

among them.
Note 2 to entry: Biodiversity can also be referred to as “biological diversity”.
3.1.19
business continuity

capability of an organization (3.1.165) to continue the delivery of products and services (3.1.192) within

acceptable time frames at predefined capacity during a disruption (3.1.75)
3.1.20
business continuity management
process (3.1.190) of implementing and maintaining business continuity (3.1.19)
3.1.21
business continuity management system
BCMS

part of the overall management system (3.1.146) that establishes, implements, operates, monitors,

reviews (3.1.211), maintains and improves business continuity (3.1.19)

Note 1 to entry: The management system includes organizational structure, policies, planning activities,

responsibilities, procedures (3.1.189), processes (3.1.190) and resources (3.1.207).

3.1.22
business continuity plan

documented information (3.1.78) that guides an organization (3.1.165) to respond to a disruption (3.1.75)

and resume, recover and restore the delivery of products and services (3.1.192) consistent with its

business continuity (3.1.19) objectives (3.1.162)
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SIST EN ISO 22300:2021
ISO 22300:2021(E)
3.1.23
business continuity programme

ongoing management (3.1.144) and governance process (3.1.190) supported by top management (3.1.279)

and appropriately resourced to implement and maintain business continuity management (3.1.20)

Note 1 to entry: In ISO 22301:2019, this term has been replaced by business continuity management system (3.1.21)

3.1.24
business impact analysis

process (3.1.190) of analysing the impact (3.1.118) over time of a disruption (3.1.75) on the organization

(3.1.165)

Note 1 to entry: The outcome is a statement and justification of business continuity (3.1.19) requirements (3.1.204).

3.1.25
capacity

combination of all the strengths and resources (3.1.207) available within an organization (3.1.165),

community (3.1.39) or society that can reduce the level of risk (3.1.215) or the effects of a crisis (3.1.60)

Note 1 to entry: Capacity can include physical, institutional, social, or economic means as well as skilled personnel

(3.1.179) or attributes such as leadership and management (3.1.144).
3.1.26
carer
individual who provides support to a vulnerable person (3.1.293)
Note 1 to entry: Carers can be paid or unpaid providers of care.
3.1.27
cargo transport unit

road freight vehicle, railway freight wagon, freight container, road tank vehicle, railway tank wagon or

portable tank
3.1.28
CCTV system

surveillance system comprised of cameras, recorders, interconnections and displays that is used to

monitor activities in a store, a company or more generally a specific infrastructure (3.1.128) and/or a

public place
3.1.29
challenge

contextual or environmental change that has the potential to impact (3.1.118) upon the ability and

capacity (3.1.25) of an urban system (3.1.285) to address emerging risks and opportunities

3.1.30
civil protection

measures taken and systems implemented to preserve the lives and health of citizens, their properties

and their environment from undesired events (3.1.96)

Note 1 to entry: Undesired events can include accidents, emergencies (3.1.85) and disasters (3.1.73).

3.1.31
civil society

wide range of individuals, groups of people, networks, movements, associations and organizations

(3.1.165) that manifest and advocate for the interests of their members and others

Note 1 to entry: It can be based on philanthropic, cultural, religious, environmental or political values and

convictions.

Note 2 to entry: This definition excludes for-profit companies and businesses, academia and all government-

dependent entities.
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SIST EN ISO 22300:2021
ISO 22300:2021(E)
3.1.32
civil society organization
CSO

formal association in which society voluntarily organizes around shared interests

Note 1 to entry: It includes political, cultural, environmental and faith-based organizations, as well as non-profit

and non-governmental organizations.

Note 2 to entry: CSOs are institutionalized organizations, bearing some form of legal status, that represent

particular groups of society and are involved in service delivery.
3.1.33
client

entity (3.1.91) that hires, has formerly hired, or intends to hire an organization (3.1.165) to perform

security operations (3.1.249) on its behalf, including, as appropriate, where such an organization

subcontracts (3.1.273) with another company or local forces
EXAMPLE Consumer, contractor, end-user, retailer, beneficiary, purchaser.

Note 1 to entry: A client can be internal (e.g. another division) or external to the organization.

3.1.34
colour blindness

total or partial inability of a person to differentiate between certain hues (3.1.113)

3.1.35
colour-code
set of colours used symbolically to represent particular meanings
3.1.36
command and control

activities (3.1.2) of target-orientated decision-making, including assessing the situation, planning

(3.1.180), implementing decisions and controlling the effects of implementation on the incident (3.1.122)

Note 1 to entry: This process (3.1.190) is continuously repeated.
3.1.37
command and control system

system that supports effective emergency management (3.1.88) of all available assets (3.1.13) in a

preparation, incident response (3.1.126), continuity (3.1.50) and/or recovery (3.1.201) process (3.1.190)

3.1.38
communication and consultation

continual and iterative processes (3.1.190) that an organization (3.1.165) conducts to provide, share

or obtain information (3.1.127), and to engage in dialogue with interested parties (3.1.132) and others

regarding the management (3.1.144) of risk (3.1.215)

Note 1 to entry: The information can relate to the existence, nature, form, likelihood (3.1.142), severity, evaluation

(3.1.95), acceptability, treatment or other aspects of the management of risk and security operations management

(3.1.250).

Note 2 to entry: Consultation is a two-way process of informed communication between an organization and

its interested parties or others on an issue prior to making a decision or determining a direction on that issue.

Consultation is:
— a process which impacts on a decision through influence rather than power; and
— an input to decision-making, not joint decision-making.

[SOURCE: ISO/Guide 73:2009, 3.2.1, modified — “interested parties and others” has replaced

“stakeholders” and Note 1 to entry has been modified.]
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 5
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SIST EN ISO 22300:2021
ISO 22300:2021(E)
3.1.39
community

group of associated organizations (3.1.165), individuals and groups sharing common interests

Note 1 to entry: Impacted communities are the groups of people and associated organizations affected by the

provision of security (3.1.239) services, projects or operations.
3.1.40
community-based early warning system
community-based warning system

method to communicate information (3.1.127) to the public through established networks

Note 1 to entry: The warning system can consist of risk knowledge, monitoring (3.1.155) and warning service,

dissemination and communication, and response capability to avoid, reduce risks (3.1.215) and prepare

responses against disaster (3.1.73).
3.1.41
community vulnerability

characteristics and conditions of individuals, groups or infrastructures (3.1.128) that put them at risk

(3.1.215) for the destructive effects of a hazard (3.1.110)
3.1.42
competence
ability to apply knowledge and skills to achieve intended results

Note 1 to entry: This constitutes one of the common terms and core definitions of the high level structure for ISO

management system standards.
3.1.43
complexity

condition of an organizational system with many diverse and autonomous but interrelated and

interdependent components or parts where those parts interact with each other and with external

elements in multiple end non-linear ways

Note 1 to entry: Complexity is the characteristic of a system where behaviour cannot be determined only as the

sum of individual variables behaviours.
3.1.44
conformity
fulfilment of a requirement (3.1.204)

Note 1 to entry: This constitutes one of the common terms and core definitions of the high level structure for ISO

management system standards.
3.1.45
consequence
outcome of an event (3.1.96) affecting objectives (3.1.162)

Note 1 to entry: A consequence can be certain or uncertain and can have positive or negative direct or indirect

effects on objectives.
Note 2 to entry: Consequences can be expressed qualitatively or quantitatively.

Note 3 to entry: Any consequence can escalate through cascading and cumulative effects.

[SOURCE: ISO 31000:2018, 3.6]
3.1.46
consequence

loss of life, damage to property or economic disruption, including disruption (3.1.75) to transport

systems, that can reasonably be expected as a result of an attack (3.2.4) on an organization in the supply

chain (3.3.9) or by the use of the supply chain (3.1.271) as a weapon
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SIST EN ISO 22300:2021
ISO 22300:2021(E)
3.1.47
context

external and internal factors to be taken into account when undertaking a capability assessment

Note 1 to entry: External context includes the following:

— the cultural, social, political, legal, regulatory, financial, technological, economic, natural and competitive

environment, whether international, national, regional or local;

— key drivers and trends having an impact (3.1.118) on the objectives (3.1.162) of the organization (3.1.165);

— relationships with, and perceptions and values of, external interested parties (3.1.132).

Note 2 to entry: Internal context includes:
— the organization’s mandate;
— business sensitivity;
— governance, organizational structure, roles and accountabilities;

— resources (3.1.207) and knowledge [e.g. capital, time, people, processes (3.1.190), systems and technologies];

— organizational culture (3.1.166).
3.1.48
contingency
possible future event (3.1.96), condition or eventuality
3.1.49
continual improvement
recurring activity (3.1.2) to enhance performance (3.1.177)

Note 1 to entry: This constitutes one of the common terms and core definitions of the high level structure for ISO

management system standards.
3.1.50
continuity

strategic and tactical capability, pre-approved by management (3.1.144), of an organization (3.1.165) to

plan for and respond to conditions, situations and events (3.1.96) in order to continue operations at an

acceptable predefined level

Note 1 to entry: Continuity is the more general term for operational and business continuity (3.1.19) to ensure

an organization’s ability to continue operating outside of normal operating conditions. It applies not only to for-

profit companies, but to organizations of all types, such as non-governmental, public interest and governmental.

3.1.51
control
measure that maintains and/or modifies risk (3.1.215)

Note 1 to entry: Controls include, but are not limited to, any process (3.1.190), policy (3.1.181), device, practice, or

other conditions and/or actions which maintain and/or modify risk.

Note 2 to entry: Controls cannot always exert the intended or assumed modifying effect.

[SOURCE: ISO 31000:2018, 3.8]
3.1.52
cooperation

process (3.1.190) of working or acting together for common interests and values based on agreement

Note 1 to entry: The organizations (3.1.165) agree by contra
...

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