Radiation protection instrumentation - Equipment for measuring the activity concentration of gamma-emitting radionuclides in foodstuffs (IEC 61563:2019)

This document applies to instruments used to measure the activity and/or activity concentration of gamma-emitting radionuclides in food and/or foodstuffs. This document applies to instruments used both gross count type instruments and pulse height analysing type instruments used in field conditions and in measurement facilities. This document does not apply to high-resolution spectrometers that use germanium detectors.

Strahlenschutz-Messgeräte - Einrichtungen für die Messung der Aktivitätskonzentration von Gammastrahlung emittierenden Radionukliden in Lebensmitteln (IEC 61563:2019)

Instrumentation pour la radioprotection - Équipement de mesure de la concentration d’activité des radionucléides émetteurs gamma dans les aliments (IEC 61563:2019)

IEC 61563:2019 s’applique aux instruments utilisés pour mesurer l’activité et/ou l’activité volumique des radionucléides émetteurs gamma dans les aliments et/ou les produits alimentaires. Le présent document s’applique aux instruments utilisés à la fois comme instruments de comptage brut et comme instruments d’analyse d’amplitude d’impulsions dans des conditions en milieu réel et des installations de mesure. Le présent document ne s’applique pas aux spectromètres à haute résolution qui utilisent des détecteurs au germanium.
Les instruments auxquels le présent document s’applique peuvent servir à mesurer l’activité et l’activité volumique des radionucléides émetteurs gamma contenus dans une grande variété d’échantillons, tels que sols, eaux usées, plantes et animaux vivants.
L’objet du présent document consiste à définir des exigences de performances, à fournir des méthodes d’essai et à préciser des caractéristiques et des conditions d'essai générales, ainsi que des caractéristiques radiologiques, environnementales, mécaniques et électromagnétiques à appliquer pour déterminer si un instrument satisfait aux exigences du présent document. Les résultats d’essai fournissent des informations aux utilisateurs finaux et aux fabricants concernant la capacité de l’instrument à permettre un mesurage fiable de l’activité et/ou de l’activité volumique des radionucléides émetteurs gamma.
Cette deuxième édition annule et remplace la première édition parue en 2001. Cette édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport à l'édition précédente:
a) La version antérieure concernait les instruments portatifs et portables. La présente version s’applique aux instruments transportables et installés, ainsi qu’au domaine d’application de la précédente version. Les instruments portatifs et portables sont principalement utilisés dans le cas de situations post-accidentelles. Cependant, ils peuvent être utilisés lors des phases de rétablissement.
b) L’incertitude de mesure telle qu'elle est définie dans le Guide pour l’incertitude de mesure (GUM) a été ajoutée.
c) La limite de détection définie dans l’ISO 11929 est ajoutée afin de préciser une activité minimale detectable.
d) Les exigences environnementales, mécaniques et électromagnétiques sont mises à jour conformément à l’IEC 62706,
e) Le format échantillon du rapport de mesure est ajouté

Instrumenti za zaščito pred sevanjem - Oprema za merjenje koncentracije aktivnosti radionuklidov, ki oddajajo gama žarke v živila (IEC 61563:2019)

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
30-Nov-2020
Publication Date
22-Feb-2021
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
19-Feb-2021
Due Date
26-Apr-2021
Completion Date
23-Feb-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN IEC 61563:2021
01-april-2021
Instrumenti za zaščito pred sevanjem - Oprema za merjenje koncentracije
aktivnosti radionuklidov, ki oddajajo gama žarke v živila (IEC 61563:2019)

Radiation protection instrumentation - Equipment for measuring the activity concentration

of gamma-emitting radionuclides in foodstuffs (IEC 61563:2019)

Strahlenschutz-Messgeräte - Einrichtungen für die Messung der Aktivitätskonzentration

von Gammastrahlung emittierenden Radionukliden in Lebensmitteln (IEC 61563:2019)

Instrumentation pour la radioprotection - Équipement de mesure de la concentration

d’activité des radionucléides émetteurs gamma dans les aliments (IEC 61563:2019)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN IEC 61563:2021
ICS:
13.280 Varstvo pred sevanjem Radiation protection
SIST EN IEC 61563:2021 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN IEC 61563:2021
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SIST EN IEC 61563:2021
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN IEC 61563
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
February 2021
ICS 13.280
English Version
Radiation protection instrumentation - Equipment for measuring
the activity concentration of gamma-emitting radionuclides in
foodstuffs
(IEC 61563:2019)

Instrumentation pour la radioprotection - Équipement de Strahlenschutz-Messgeräte - Einrichtungen für die Messung

mesure de la concentration d'activité des radionucléides der Aktivitätskonzentration von Gammastrahlung

émetteurs gamma dans les aliments emittierenden Radionukliden in Lebensmitteln
(IEC 61563:2019) (IEC 61563:2019)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2021-01-25. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN IEC 61563:2021 E
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SIST EN IEC 61563:2021
EN IEC 61563:2021 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN IEC 61563:2021) consists of the text of IEC 61563:2019 prepared by SC 45B

"Radiation protection instrumentation" of IEC/TC 45 "Nuclear instrumentation".
The following dates are fixed:

• latest date by which the document has to be implemented at national (dop) 2022-01-25

level by publication of an identical national standard or by endorsement

• latest date by which the national standards conflicting with the (dow) 2024-01-25

document have to be withdrawn

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 61563:2019 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards

indicated:
IEC 60846-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60846-1
IEC/TR 62461 NOTE Harmonized as CLC IEC/TR 62461
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SIST EN IEC 61563:2021
EN IEC 61563:2021 (E)
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments)

applies.

NOTE 1 Where an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the

relevant EN/HD applies.

NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is available

here: www.cenelec.eu.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 60050-395 - International Electrotechnical Vocabulary - - -
Part 395: Nuclear instrumentation: Physical
phenomena, basic concepts, instruments,
systems, equipment and detectors
IEC 60086-2 - Primary batteries - Part 2: Physical and EN 60086-2 -
electrical specifications
IEC 60529 - Classification of degrees of protection - -
provided by enclosures
IEC 61187 - Electrical and electronic measuring EN 61187 -
equipment - Documentation
IEC 62706 - Radiation protection instrumentation - - -
Environmental, electromagnetic and
mechanical performance requirements
ISO 11929 - Determination of the characteristic limits - -
(decision threshold, detection limit and
limits of the confidence interval) for
measurements of ionizing radiation -
Fundamentals and application
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SIST EN IEC 61563:2021
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SIST EN IEC 61563:2021
IEC 61563
Edition 2.0 2019-07
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Radiation protection instrumentation –
Equipment for measuring the activity concentration of gamma-emitting
radionuclides in foodstuffs
Instrumentation pour la radioprotection –
Équipement de mesure de la concentration d’activité des radionucléides
émetteurs gamma dans les aliments
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 13.280 ISBN 978-2-8322-7100-1

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
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SIST EN IEC 61563:2021
– 2 – IEC 61563:2019 © IEC 2019
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 7

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions, abbreviated terms, quantities, units and symbols ......................... 8

3.1 Terms and definitions .............................................................................................. 8

3.2 Quantities and units .............................................................................................. 11

3.3 Symbols ................................................................................................................ 11

4 General test procedure .................................................................................................. 12

4.1 Nature of tests ...................................................................................................... 12

4.2 Reference conditions and standard test conditions ................................................ 12

4.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 12

4.2.2 Tests performed under standard test conditions ............................................. 12

4.2.3 Tests performed with variation of influence quantities .................................... 12

4.3 Instrument set-up during tests ............................................................................... 13

4.4 Statistical fluctuations ........................................................................................... 13

4.5 Standard sources and reference sources .............................................................. 13

4.6 Check sources ...................................................................................................... 13

4.7 Functionality tests ................................................................................................. 13

4.7.1 General ......................................................................................................... 13

4.7.2 Stability and reproducibility of the source-detector geometry ......................... 14

4.7.3 Combination of functionality tests and performance tests ............................... 14

4.7.4 Conduct of functionality tests ......................................................................... 14

4.7.5 Regular operation behaviour .......................................................................... 14

5 General requirements .................................................................................................... 14

5.1 General characteristics ......................................................................................... 14

5.2 Type of instrument ................................................................................................ 15

5.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 15

5.2.2 Instrument types ............................................................................................ 15

5.2.3 Measurement type ......................................................................................... 15

5.3 Physical configuration ........................................................................................... 16

5.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 16

5.3.2 Detection sub-assembly ................................................................................. 16

5.3.3 Measurement sub-assembly .......................................................................... 16

5.3.4 Electric power supply ..................................................................................... 17

5.3.5 Storage and transportation ............................................................................ 17

5.3.6 IP (degree of protection) classification ........................................................... 17

5.4 Basic information .................................................................................................. 17

5.4.1 Effective range of measurement .................................................................... 17

5.4.2 Range of measurement energy ...................................................................... 18

5.4.3 Instrument background .................................................................................. 18

5.4.4 Detection limit ................................................................................................ 18

5.5 Data output ........................................................................................................... 20

5.6 User interface ....................................................................................................... 20

5.7 Markings ............................................................................................................... 20

6 Radiation detection requirements .................................................................................. 21

6.1 Consideration of the uncertainty of the conventional true value ............................. 21

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SIST EN IEC 61563:2021
IEC 61563:2019 © IEC 2019 – 3 –

6.2 Determination of radionuclide activity conversion factor ........................................ 21

6.3 Response to check sources .................................................................................. 22

6.3.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 22

6.3.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 22

6.4 Linearity ................................................................................................................ 22

6.4.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 22

6.4.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 22

6.5 Detection limit ....................................................................................................... 22

6.5.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 22

6.5.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 23

6.6 Response to external gamma-radiation ................................................................. 23

6.6.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 23

6.6.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 23

6.7 Measurement under interference ........................................................................... 23

6.7.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 23

6.7.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 23

6.8 Statistical fluctuation ............................................................................................. 23

6.8.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 23

6.8.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 24

6.9 Overload characteristics ....................................................................................... 24

6.9.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 24

6.9.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 24

6.10 Warm up time ....................................................................................................... 24

6.10.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 24

6.10.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 24

6.11 Battery .................................................................................................................. 25

6.11.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 25

6.11.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 25

7 Environmental requirements .......................................................................................... 25

7.1 General requirements ........................................................................................... 25

7.2 Functionality test ................................................................................................... 25

7.3 Ambient temperature............................................................................................. 25

7.3.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 25

7.3.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 26

7.4 Temperature shock ............................................................................................... 26

7.4.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 26

7.4.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 26

7.5 Relative humidity .................................................................................................. 26

7.5.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 26

7.5.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 26

8 Mechanical requirements ............................................................................................... 27

8.1 General requirements ........................................................................................... 27

8.2 Functionality test ................................................................................................... 27

8.3 Mechanical shock ................................................................................................. 27

8.3.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 27

8.3.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 27

8.4 Vibration test ........................................................................................................ 27

8.4.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 27

8.4.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 28

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SIST EN IEC 61563:2021
– 4 – IEC 61563:2019 © IEC 2019

9 Electromagnetic requirements ....................................................................................... 28

9.1 General requirements ........................................................................................... 28

9.2 Functionality test ................................................................................................... 28

9.3 External electromagnetic fields ............................................................................. 28

9.3.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 28

9.3.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 28

9.4 External magnetic fields ........................................................................................ 28

9.4.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 28

9.4.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 29

9.5 Electrostatic discharge .......................................................................................... 29

9.5.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 29

9.5.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 29

9.6 Conducted radio frequency ................................................................................... 29

9.6.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 29

9.6.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 29

9.7 Surge immunity ..................................................................................................... 29

9.7.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 29

9.7.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 29

9.8 Power supply change ............................................................................................ 30

9.8.1 Requirements ................................................................................................ 30

9.8.2 Method of test................................................................................................ 30

10 Documentation .............................................................................................................. 30

10.1 General ................................................................................................................. 30

10.2 Type test report or certificate ................................................................................ 30

10.3 Certificate ............................................................................................................. 30

10.4 Operation and maintenance manuals .................................................................... 31

Annex A (normative) Test conditions .................................................................................... 32

Annex B (normative) Criteria of tests ................................................................................... 33

Annex C (informative) Sample format of measuring report ................................................... 34

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 35

Table 1 – Symbols ................................................................................................................ 11

Table A.1 – Reference conditions and standard test conditions ............................................. 32

Table B.1 – Summary table of criteria of tests ....................................................................... 33

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SIST EN IEC 61563:2021
IEC 61563:2019 © IEC 2019 – 5 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
RADIATION PROTECTION INSTRUMENTATION – EQUIPMENT FOR
MEASURING THE ACTIVITY CONCENTRATION OF GAMMA-EMITTING
RADIONUCLIDES IN FOODSTUFFS
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard 61563 has been prepared by subcommittee 45B: Radiation protection

instrumentation, of IEC technical committee 45: Nuclear instrumentation.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2001. This edition

constitutes a technical revision.

This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous

edition:

a) The previous edition applied to handheld-type and portable-type instruments. This edition

applies to transportable-type and installed-type instruments, as well as the scope of the

previous edition. The handheld-type and portable-type instruments are mainly used in

case of a post accidental situation, however, the transportable-type and installed-type

instruments can be used through recovery phase.
b) Uncertainty of measurement according to GUM is introduced.

c) Detection limit defined in ISO 11929 is introduced to specify a minimum detectable activity.

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SIST EN IEC 61563:2021
– 6 – IEC 61563:2019 © IEC 2019

d) Environmental requirements, mechanical requirements and electromagnetic requirements

are updated according to IEC 62706.
e) Sample format of measuring report is introduced as Annex C (informative).
The text of this International Standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
45B/931/FDIS 45B/936/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this International Standard can be found in

the report on voting indicated in the above table.

This document has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The committee has decided that the contents of this document will remain unchanged until the

stability date indicated on the IEC website under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data related to

the specific document. At this date, the document will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
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SIST EN IEC 61563:2021
IEC 61563:2019 © IEC 2019 – 7 –
RADIATION PROTECTION INSTRUMENTATION – EQUIPMENT FOR
MEASURING THE ACTIVITY CONCENTRATION OF GAMMA-EMITTING
RADIONUCLIDES IN FOODSTUFFS
1 Scope

This document applies to instruments used to measure the activity and/or activity

concentration of gamma-emitting radionuclides in food and/or foodstuffs. This document

applies to instruments used both as gross count type instruments and pulse height analysing

type instruments used in field conditions and in measurement facilities. This document does

not apply to high-resolution spectrometers that use germanium detectors.

The instruments to which this document applies can be used to measure the activity and

activity concentration of gamma-emitting radionuclides for a wide variety of samples, such as

soil, sewage, plant, and animal life.

The object of this document is to establish performance requirements, to provide test methods

and to specify general characteristics, general test conditions, and radiological, environmental,

mechanical and electromagnetic characteristics to be used to determine whether an

instrument meets the requirements of this document. The test results provide information to

end-users and manufacturers regarding the capability of instrument for reliable measurement

of the activity and/or activity concentration of gamma-emitting radionuclides.
...

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