Machines and plants for mining and tooling of natural stone - Safety - Requirements for bridge type sawing/milling machines, included numerical control (NC/CNC) versions

This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events which are relevant to:
-   bridge sawing machines;
-   bridge sawing and milling machines;
-   numerical control bridge sawing/milling machines.
These machines are designed to saw and mill natural stone and engineered/agglomerated stone as defined by EN 14618:2009, when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Clause 4).
This document specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks arising from the significant hazards.
This document deals with the foreseeable lifetime of the machinery including the phases of transport, assembly, dismantling, disabling and scrapping.
This document also applies to machines fitted with the following facilities/devices:
-   mechanical, pneumatic, hydraulic or vacuum workpiece clamping;
-   automatic tool change;
-   loading and unloading conveyor system;
-   tilting and/or rotating head axis;
-   rotating workpiece support(s);
-   tilting workpiece support(s) when loading;
-   lathe unit;
-   undercut grooving unit;
-   axes operating in accordance with an NC work programme.
This document does not apply to:
-   machines intended for operation in a potentially explosive atmosphere;
-   machines operating in severe environmental conditions (e.g. extreme temperatures, corrosive environment);
-   machines intended for outdoor operation;
-   machines which are manufactured before the date of their publication as EN.

Maschinen und Anlagen zur Gewinnung und Bearbeitung von Naturstein - Sicherheit - Anforderungen an Brücken-Säge-/Fräsmaschinen einschließlich numerischer Steuerungsversionen (NC/CNC)

Dieses Dokument behandelt alle signifikanten Gefährdungen, Gefährdungssituationen und Ereignisse, die relevant sind für:
-   Brücken-Sägemaschinen;
-   Brücken-Säge- und Fräsmaschinen;
-   Brücken-Säge-/Fräsmaschinen mit numerischer Steuerung.
Diese Maschinen sind zum Sägen und Fräsen von Naturstein und technisch/künstlich hergestelltem Stein nach Definition der EN 14618:2009 ausgelegt, wenn sie bestimmungsgemäß und unter missbräuchlichen Bedingungen des Missbrauchs eingesetzt werden, die für den Hersteller vernünftigerweise vorhersehbar sind (siehe Abschnitt 4).
Dieses Dokument legt die entsprechenden technischen Maßnahmen fest, um die aus den signifikanten Gefährdungen, Gefährdungssituationen und Gefährdungsereignissen resultierenden Risiken zu beseitigen oder zu verringern.
Dieses Dokument behandelt die vorhersehbare Lebensdauer der Maschine einschließlich der Phasen des Transports, des Zusammenbaus, der Zerlegung, der Stilllegung und der Verschrottung.
Dieses Dokument gilt auch für Maschinen, die mit folgenden Anlagen/Einrichtungen ausgestattet sind:
-   mechanische, Druckluft-, Hydraulik- oder Vakuum-Werkstückeinspannung;
-   automatischer Werkzeugwechsel;
-   Fördersystem für das Einsetzen und die Entnahme;
-   kippbare und/oder drehbare Kopfachse;
-   drehbare(r) Bearbeitungstisch(e);
-   kippbare(r) Bearbeitungstisch(e) beim Einsetzen;
-   Dreheinheit;
-   Hinterschnitt-Einstecheinheit;
-   Achsen, die nach einem NC-Arbeitsprogramm arbeiten.
Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für:
-   Maschinen, die für den Betrieb in potenziell explosionsgefährdeten Atmosphären vorgesehen sind;
-   Maschinen, die unter schwierigen Umweltbedingungen betrieben werden (z. B. extreme Temperaturen, Korrosionsumgebung);
-   Maschinen, die für den Betrieb im Freien vorgesehen sind;
-   Maschinen, die hergestellt wurden, bevor dieses Dokument als EN veröffentlicht wurde.

Machines et équipements pour l'exploitation et l'usinage de pierres naturelles - Sécurité - Prescriptions relatives aux machines à scier/fraiseuses de type pont, y compris les versions à commande numérique (NC/CNC)

Le présent document traite de tous les phénomènes, situations et événements dangereux significatifs relatifs aux :
-   scies à pont ;
-   machines à scier/fraiser à pont ;
-   machines à scier/fraiser à pont à commande numérique.
Ces machines sont destinées au sciage et au fraisage des pierres naturelles et artificielles/agglomérées, définies dans l’EN 14618:2009, lorsqu'elles sont utilisées normalement mais aussi dans des conditions de mauvaise utilisation raisonnablement prévisibles par le fabricant (voir Article 4).
Le présent document spécifie les mesures techniques appropriées pour éliminer ou réduire les risques dus aux phénomènes dangereux significatifs.
Le présent document traite de la vie prévue de la machine y compris les phases de transport, de mise en service, de démontage, de mise au rebut et de destruction.
Le présent document s'applique également aux machines équipées des dispositifs/accessoires suivants :
-   bridage de pièce mécanique, pneumatique, hydraulique ou à vide de la pièce à usiner ;
-   mécanisme de changement automatique d’outils ;
-   système de chargement/déchargement par convoyeur ;
-   axe de tête inclinable et/ou rotatif ;
-   support(s) de pièce rotatif(s) ;
-   support(s) inclinable(s) pour charger la pièce à usiner ;
-   tour ;
-   outil de rainurage ;
-   axes fonctionnant selon un programme de travail à commande numérique (NC).
Le présent document ne s’applique pas aux :
-   machines destinées à fonctionner en atmosphère explosible ;
-   machines qui fonctionnent dans des conditions environnementales sévères (par exemple, températures extrêmes, environnement corrosif) ;
-   machines destinées à fonctionner en extérieur ;
Le présent document ne s’applique pas aux machines fabriquées avant la date de publication du présent document par le CEN.

Stroji in obrati za pridobivanje in obdelavo naravnega kamna - Varnost - Zahteve za žage/frezalne stroje, ki vključujejo računalniško krmiljenje (NC/CNC)

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
30-Apr-2019
Publication Date
26-Nov-2020
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
26-Nov-2020
Due Date
31-Jan-2021
Completion Date
27-Nov-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 16564:2021
01-januar-2021
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 16564:2015
Stroji in obrati za pridobivanje in obdelavo naravnega kamna - Varnost - Zahteve
za žage/frezalne stroje, ki vključujejo računalniško krmiljenje (NC/CNC)

Machines and plants for mining and tooling of natural stone - Safety - Requirements for

bridge type sawing/milling machines, included numerical control (NC/CNC) versions

Maschinen und Anlagen zur Gewinnung und Bearbeitung von Naturstein - Sicherheit -

Anforderungen an Brücken-Säge-/Fräsmaschinen einschließlich numerischer
Steuerungsversionen (NC/CNC)

Machines et équipements pour l'exploitation et l'usinage de pierres naturelles - Sécurité -

Prescriptions relatives aux machines à scier/fraiseuses de type pont, y compris les

versions à commande numérique (NC/CNC)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 16564:2020
ICS:
25.080.20 Frezalniki Boring and milling machines
25.080.60 Strojne žage Sawing machines
73.120 Oprema za predelavo rudnin Equipment for processing of
minerals
SIST EN 16564:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 16564:2021
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 16564:2021
EN 16564
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
November 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 25.080.20; 25.080.60; 73.120 Supersedes EN 16564:2014
English Version
Machines and plants for mining and tooling of natural
stone - Safety - Requirements for bridge type
sawing/milling machines, included numerical control
(NC/CNC) versions

Machines et équipements pour l'exploitation et Maschinen und Anlagen zur Gewinnung und

l'usinage de pierres naturelles - Sécurité - Prescriptions Bearbeitung von Naturstein - Sicherheit -

relatives aux machines à scier/fraiseuses de type pont, Anforderungen an Brücken-Säge-/Fräsmaschinen

y compris les versions à commande numérique einschließlich numerischer Steuerungsversionen

(NC/CNC) (NC/CNC)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 28 September 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 16564:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 16564:2021
EN 16564:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................ 10

4 Safety requirements and/or protective measures .......................................................................... 16

4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16

4.2 Controls ............................................................................................................................................................ 17

4.2.1 Safety and reliability of control system ............................................................................................... 17

4.2.2 Position of controls ...................................................................................................................................... 17

4.2.3 Starting ............................................................................................................................................................. 18

4.2.4 Normal stop .................................................................................................................................................... 19

4.2.5 Emergency stop ............................................................................................................................................. 19

4.2.6 Operational stop ........................................................................................................................................... 20

4.2.7 Mode selection .............................................................................................................................................. 20

4.2.8 Failure of any power supply ..................................................................................................................... 21

4.2.9 Failure of the control circuits .................................................................................................................. 21

4.2.10 Teleservice ..................................................................................................................................................... 22

4.3 Protection against mechanical hazards ............................................................................................... 22

4.3.1 Transport and installation of machine ................................................................................................. 22

4.3.2 Stability ............................................................................................................................................................ 22

4.3.3 Tool changing ................................................................................................................................................ 23

4.3.4 Braking tool spindle .................................................................................................................................... 23

4.3.5 Prevention of access to moving parts and safeguards to minimize the effect of

ejection............................................................................................................................................................. 24

4.4 Protection against no mechanical hazards ......................................................................................... 28

4.4.1 Fire..................................................................................................................................................................... 28

4.4.2 Noise ................................................................................................................................................................. 28

4.4.3 Electrical hazards ......................................................................................................................................... 29

4.4.4 Ergonomics and handling .......................................................................................................................... 29

4.4.5 Hydraulic and pneumatic components ................................................................................................ 29

4.4.6 Electromagnetic compatibility ................................................................................................................ 30

4.4.7 Laser radiation .............................................................................................................................................. 30

4.4.8 Unintended movements............................................................................................................................. 30

4.4.9 Isolation ........................................................................................................................................................... 30

4.4.10 Maintenance ................................................................................................................................................... 31

5 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 31

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 31

5.2 Signals and warning devices .................................................................................................................... 31

5.3 Marking, signs and written warnings ................................................................................................... 31

5.4 Instruction handbook ................................................................................................................................. 32

5.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 32

5.4.2 Operator's manual ....................................................................................................................................... 32

5.4.3 Maintenance manual ................................................................................................................................... 35

Annex A (informative) List of significant hazards ........................................................................................... 37

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SIST EN 16564:2021
EN 16564:2020 (E)

Annex B (normative) Test for braking function ............................................................................................... 40

B.1 Conditions for all tests ................................................................................................................................ 40

B.2 Unbraked run-down time .......................................................................................................................... 40

B.3 Braked run-down time ............................................................................................................................... 40

Annex C (normative) Rigid guards on machines - Impact test method .................................................... 41

C.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 41

C.2 Test method .................................................................................................................................................... 41

C.2.1 Preliminary remarks ................................................................................................................................... 41

C.2.2 Testing equipment ....................................................................................................................................... 41

C.2.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 41

C.2.2.2 Projectiles ........................................................................................................................................................ 41

C.2.2.3 Sampling and supporting the guard under test ................................................................................. 42

C.2.3 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 42

C.3 Results .............................................................................................................................................................. 42

C.4 Assessment...................................................................................................................................................... 43

C.5 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 43

C.6 Example of propulsion device for impact test .................................................................................... 43

Annex D (normative) Noise test code ................................................................................................................... 44

D.1 Introduction.................................................................................................................................................... 44

D.2 Measurement of the A-weighted emission sound pressure level at the operator's

positions or other specified positions ................................................................................................... 44

D.2.1 Basic standards ............................................................................................................................................. 44

D.2.2 Measurement procedure and positions ............................................................................................... 44

D.2.3 Measurement uncertainty ......................................................................................................................... 45

D.3 Determination of sound power level ..................................................................................................... 45

D.3.1 Measurement procedure and positions ............................................................................................... 45

D.3.2 Measurement uncertainty ......................................................................................................................... 45

D.4 Installation, mounting and operating conditions for noise emission measurement ........... 46

D.5 Information to be recorded and reported ........................................................................................... 46

D.6 Declaration and verification of noise emission values ................................................................... 52

D.6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 52

D.6.2 Examples of a declaration of noise emission values in the instruction handbook for a

machine where the largest dimension does not exceed 6 m ........................................................ 53

D.6.3 Example of a declaration of noise emission values in the instruction handbook for a

machine where at least one dimension exceeds 6 m ....................................................................... 54

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered ...................................................... 57

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 61

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SIST EN 16564:2021
EN 16564:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 16564:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 151 “Construction

equipment and building material machines - Safety”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by May 2021, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by month year of May 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 16564:2014.
The following major changes were introduced:

— list of the significant hazards has been moved from Clause 4 to Annex A, according to 6.10.3.1 of CEN

Guide 414;
— normative references have been modified and updated to Clause 2;

— terms and definitions have been introduced to Clause 3 (e.g. control power on, telecontrol,

teleservice);

— requirements related to hand-held control sets have been added or modified to 4.2.2.2;

— requirements related to starting have been added or modified to 4.2.3;
— requirements related to teleservice have been added to 4.2.10;

— requirements related to transport and installation of machine have been added to 4.3.1;

— requirements related to stability have been added to 4.3.2;

— requirements related to prevention of access to moving parts and safeguards to minimize the effect

of ejection have been added or modified to 4.3.5;

— requirements related to noise have been added or modified to 4.4.2 and Annex D;

— requirements related to electrical hazards have been added or modified to 4.4.3;

— requirements related to unintended movements have been added to 4.4.8;

— requirements related to information for use have been added or modified to Clause 5;

— Annex ZA has been modified according to the last edition of CEN Guide 414.

This document has been prepared under a standardization request given to CEN by the European

Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of

EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 16564:2021
EN 16564:2020 (E)

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland,

Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North

Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United

Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 16564:2021
EN 16564:2020 (E)
Introduction

This document has been prepared to be a harmonized standard to provide one means of conforming to

the essential health and safety requirements of the Machinery Directive and associated EFTA Regulations.

This document is a type-C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100.

This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups representing the market

players with regard to machinery safety:
— machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organizations, market surveillance, etc.).

Others can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of the document by the

above-mentioned stakeholder groups:
— machine users/employers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs);

— service providers, e.g. for maintenance (small, medium and large enterprises);
— consumers (in case of machinery intended for use by consumers).

The above-mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the drafting

process of this document.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events are

covered are indicated in the Scope of this document.

When requirements of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or type-B

standards, the requirements of this type-C standard take precedence over the requirements of the other

standards for machines that have been designed and built according to the requirements of this type-C

standard.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 16564:2021
EN 16564:2020 (E)
1 Scope

This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events which are relevant to:

— bridge sawing machines;
— bridge sawing and milling machines;
— numerical control bridge sawing/milling machines.

These machines are designed to saw and mill natural stone and engineered/agglomerated stone as

defined by EN 14618:2009, when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are

reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Clause 4).

This document specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks arising from the

significant hazards.

This document deals with the foreseeable lifetime of the machinery including the phases of transport,

assembly, dismantling, disabling and scrapping.

This document also applies to machines fitted with the following facilities/devices:

— mechanical, pneumatic, hydraulic or vacuum workpiece clamping;
— automatic tool change;
— loading and unloading conveyor system;
— tilting and/or rotating head axis;
— rotating workpiece support(s);
— tilting workpiece support(s) when loading;
— lathe unit;
— undercut grooving unit;
— axes operating in accordance with an NC work programme.
This document does not apply to:
— machines intended for operation in a potentially explosive atmosphere;

— machines operating in severe environmental conditions (e.g. extreme temperatures, corrosive

environment);
— machines intended for outdoor operation;
— machines which are manufactured before the date of their publication as EN.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 166:2001, Personal eye-protection — Specifications
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 16564:2021
EN 16564:2020 (E)

EN 1005-2:2003+A1:2008, Safety of machinery — Human physical performance — Part 2: Manual

handling of machinery and component parts of machinery

EN 1005-4:2005+A1:2008, Safety of machinery — Human physical performance — Part 4: Evaluation of

working postures and movements in relation to machinery
EN 14618:2009, Agglomerated stone — Terminology and classification

EN 50370-1:2005, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Product family standard for machine tools —

Part 1: Emission

EN 50370-2:2003, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Product family standard for machine tools —

Part 2: Immunity

EN 60204-1:2018, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 1: General requirements

(IEC 60204-1:2016, mod.)

EN 60529:1991, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) (IEC 60529:1989)

EN 60529:1991/A1:2000, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code)
(IEC 60529:1989/A1:1999)
EN 60529:1991/A2:2013, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code)
(IEC 60529:1989/A2:2013)

EN 60825-1:2007, Safety of laser products — Part 1: Equipment classification and requirements

(IEC 60825-1:2007)

EN 61439-1:2011, Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear assemblies — Part 1: General rules

EN 61496-1:2013, Safety of machinery — Electro-sensitive protective equipment — Part 1: General

requirements and tests (IEC 61496-1:2012)

EN 61800-5-2:2017, Adjustable speed electrical power drive systems — Part 5-2: Safety requirements —

Functional (IEC 61800-5-2:2016)

EN 82079-1:2012, Preparation of instructions for use — Structuring, content and presentation — Part 1:

General principles and detailed requirements (IEC 82079-1:2012)

EN ISO 3744:2010, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise

sources using sound pressure — Engineering methods for an essentially free field over a reflecting plane

(ISO 3744:2010)

EN ISO 3746:2010, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise

sources using sound pressure — Survey method using an enveloping measurement surface over a reflecting

plane (ISO 3746:2010)

EN ISO 3747:2010, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise

sources using sound pressure — Engineering/survey methods for use in situ in a reverberant environment

(ISO 3747:2010)

EN ISO 4413:2010, Hydraulic fluid power — General rules and safety requirements for systems and their

components (ISO 4413:2010)
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 16564:2021
EN 16564:2020 (E)

EN ISO 4414:2010, Pneumatic fluid power — General rules and safety requirements for systems and their

components (ISO 4414:2010)

EN ISO 4871:2009, Acoustics — Declaration and verification of noise emission values of machinery and

equipment (ISO 4871:1996)

EN ISO 11201:2010, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Determination of emission

sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions in an essentially free field over a

reflecting plane with negligible environmental corrections (ISO 11201:2010)

EN ISO 11202:2010, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Determination of emission

sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions applying approximate environmental

corrections (ISO 11202:2010)

EN ISO 11204:2010, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Determination of emission

sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions applying accurate environmental

corrections (ISO 11204:2010)

EN ISO 11688-1:2009, Acoustics — Recommended practice for the design of low-noise machinery and

equipment — Part 1: Planning (ISO/TR 11688-1:1995)

EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery — General principles for design — Risk assessment and risk

reduction (ISO 12100:2010)

EN ISO 13849-1:2015, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 1: General

principles for design (ISO 13849-1:2015)

EN ISO 13850:2015, Safety of machinery — Emergency stop function — Principles for design

(ISO 13850:2015)

EN ISO 13854:2019, Safety of machinery — Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human body

(ISO 13854:2017)

EN ISO 13856-3:2013, Safety of machinery — Pressure-sensitive protective devices — Part 3: General

principles for design and testing of pressure-sensitive bumpers, plates, wires and similar devices

(ISO 13856-3:2013)

EN ISO 13857:2019, Safety of machinery — Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by

upper and lower limbs (ISO 13857:2019)

EN ISO 14118:2018, Safety of machinery — Prevention of unexpected start-up (ISO 14118:2017)

EN ISO 14119:2013, Safety of machinery — Interlocking devices associated with guards — Principles for

design and selection (ISO 14119:2013)

EN ISO 14120:2015, Safety of machinery — Guards — General requirements for the design and

construction of fixed and movable guards (ISO 14120:2015)
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 16564:2021
EN 16564:2020 (E)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100:2010 and the

following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
3.1
bridge sawing machine

integrated fed machine designed for sawing and/or shaping workpieces (see Figure 1) by the use of a

diamond disk water-cooled during the working process having at least two squared axes which the

working head moves over
Note 1 to entry: This machine can be equipped with the following facilities:
a) loading and unloading conveyor system;
b) tilting (A/B) and/or rotating (C) head axis;
c) rotating workpiece support(s);
d) tilting workpiece support(s) when loading;
e) lathe unit (see Figure 2);
f) workpiece vacuum moving system;
g) undercut grooving unit;
h) axes operating in accordance with an NC work programme.
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN 16564:2021
EN 16564:2020 (E)
Safeguarding devices are not illustrated
Key

1 tool holder head (tilting version) A direction of the tilting movement of the head

2 diamond disk B direction of the tilting movement of the head
3 bridge C direction of the rotating movement of the head
direction of the rotating movement of the workpiece
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
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01-april-2019
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Machines and plants for mining and tooling of natural stone - Safety - Requirements for

bridge type sawing/milling machines, included numerical control (NC/CNC) versions

Maschinen und Anlagen zur Gewinnung und Bearbeitung von Naturstein - Sicherheit -

Anforderungen an Brücken-Säge-/Fräsmaschinen einschließlich numerischer
Steuerungsversionen (NC/CNC)

Machines et équipements pour l'exploitation et l'usinage de pierres naturelles - Sécurité -

Prescriptions relatives aux machines à scier/fraiseuses de type pont, y compris les

versions à commande numérique (NC/CNC)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 16564
ICS:
25.080.20 Frezalniki Boring and milling machines
25.080.60 Strojne žage Sawing machines
73.120 Oprema za predelavo rudnin Equipment for processing of
minerals
oSIST prEN 16564:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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oSIST prEN 16564:2019
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oSIST prEN 16564:2019
DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 16564
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
February 2019
ICS 25.080.20; 25.080.60; 73.120 Will supersede EN 16564:2014
English Version
Machines and plants for mining and tooling of natural
stone - Safety - Requirements for bridge type
sawing/milling machines, included numerical control
(NC/CNC) versions

Machines et équipements pour l'exploitation et Maschinen und Anlagen zur Gewinnung und

l'usinage de pierres naturelles - Sécurité - Prescriptions Bearbeitung von Naturstein - Sicherheit -

relatives aux machines à scier/fraiseuses de type pont, Anforderungen an Brücken-Säge-/Fräsmaschinen

y compris les versions à commande numérique einschließlich numerischer Steuerungsversionen

(NC/CNC) (NC/CNC)

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

CEN/TC 151.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 16564:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 9

4 List of significant hazards ......................................................................................................................... 15

5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures .......................................................................... 18

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 18

5.2 Controls ............................................................................................................................................................ 18

5.2.1 Safety and reliability of control system ............................................................................................... 18

5.2.2 Position of controls ...................................................................................................................................... 19

5.2.3 Starting ............................................................................................................................................................. 19

5.2.4 Normal stop .................................................................................................................................................... 20

5.2.5 Emergency stop ............................................................................................................................................. 20

5.2.6 Operational stop ........................................................................................................................................... 21

5.2.7 Mode selection .............................................................................................................................................. 21

5.2.8 Failure of any power supply ..................................................................................................................... 22

5.2.9 Failure of the control circuits .................................................................................................................. 23

5.3 Protection against mechanical hazards ............................................................................................... 23

5.3.1 Transport and installation of machine ................................................................................................. 23

5.3.2 Stability ............................................................................................................................................................ 23

5.3.3 Tool changing ................................................................................................................................................ 23

5.3.4 Braking tool spindle .................................................................................................................................... 24

5.3.5 Prevention of access to moving parts and safeguards to minimize the effect of

ejection............................................................................................................................................................. 24

5.4 Protection against no mechanical hazards ......................................................................................... 28

5.4.1 Fire..................................................................................................................................................................... 28

5.4.2 Noise ................................................................................................................................................................. 28

5.4.3 Electrical hazards ......................................................................................................................................... 29

5.4.4 Ergonomics and handling .......................................................................................................................... 29

5.4.5 Hydraulic and pneumatic components ................................................................................................ 30

5.4.6 Electromagnetic compatibility ................................................................................................................ 30

5.4.7 Laser radiation .............................................................................................................................................. 30

5.4.8 Unintended movements............................................................................................................................. 30

5.4.9 Isolation ........................................................................................................................................................... 30

5.4.10 Maintenance ................................................................................................................................................... 31

6 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 31

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 31

6.2 Signals and warning devices .................................................................................................................... 31

6.3 Marking, signs and written warnings ................................................................................................... 31

6.4 Instruction handbook ................................................................................................................................. 32

6.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 32

6.4.2 Operator's manual ....................................................................................................................................... 32

6.4.3 Maintenance manual ................................................................................................................................... 35

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Annex A (normative) Test for braking function ............................................................................................... 37

A.1 Conditions for all tests ................................................................................................................................ 37

A.2 Unbraked run-down time .......................................................................................................................... 37

A.3 Braked run-down time ............................................................................................................................... 37

Annex B (normative) Rigid guards on machines - Impact test method ................................................... 38

B.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 38

B.2 Test method .................................................................................................................................................... 38

B.2.1 Preliminary remarks ................................................................................................................................... 38

B.2.2 Testing equipment ....................................................................................................................................... 38

B.2.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 38

B.2.2.2 Projectiles ........................................................................................................................................................ 38

B.2.2.3 Sampling and supporting the guard under test ................................................................................. 39

B.2.3 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 39

B.3 Results .............................................................................................................................................................. 39

B.4 Assessment...................................................................................................................................................... 39

B.5 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 40

B.6 Example of propulsion device for impact test .................................................................................... 40

Annex C (normative) Noise-test code ................................................................................................................... 41

C.1 Introduction.................................................................................................................................................... 41

C.2 Measurement of the A-weighted emission sound pressure level at the operator's

positions or other specified positions ................................................................................................... 41

C.2.1 Basic standards ............................................................................................................................................. 41

C.2.2 Measurement procedure and positions ............................................................................................... 41

C.2.3 Measurement uncertainty ......................................................................................................................... 42

C.3 Determination of sound power level ..................................................................................................... 42

C.3.1 Measurement procedure and positions ............................................................................................... 42

C.3.2 Measurement uncertainty ......................................................................................................................... 42

C.4 Installation, mounting and operating conditions for noise emission measurement ........... 43

C.5 Information to be recorded and reported ........................................................................................... 43

C.6 Declaration and verification of noise emission values ................................................................... 48

C.6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 48

C.6.2 Examples of a declaration of noise emission values in the instruction handbook for a

machine where the largest dimension does not exceed 6 m ........................................................ 49

C.6.3 Example of a declaration of noise emission values in the instruction handbook for a

machine where at least a dimension exceeds 6 m ............................................................................ 49

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered ...................................................... 52

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 53

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European foreword

This document (prEN 16564:2019) has been prepared by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 151

“Construction equipment and building material machines - Safety”, the secretariat of which is held by

DIN.
This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.
This document will supersede EN 16564:2014.

This document has been prepared under a standardization request given to CEN by the European

Commission and the European Free Trade Association and supports essential requirements of EU

Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.
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Introduction

This document has been prepared to be a harmonized standard to provide one means of conforming to

the essential health and safety requirements of the Machinery Directive and associated EFTA Regulations.

This document is a type-C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100.

This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups representing the market

players with regard to machinery safety:
— machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organizations, market surveillance, etc.).

Others can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of the document by the

above-mentioned stakeholder groups:
— machine users/employers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs);

— service providers, e.g. for maintenance (small, medium and large enterprises);
— consumers (in case of machinery intended for use by consumers).

The above-mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the drafting

process of this document.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events are

covered are indicated in the Scope of this document.

When requirements of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or type-B

standards, the requirements of this type-C standard take precedence over the requirements of the other

standards for machines that have been designed and built according to the requirements of this type-C

standard.
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1 Scope

This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events which are relevant to:

— bridge sawing machines;
— bridge sawing and milling machines;
— numerical control bridge sawing/milling machines.

These machines are designed to saw and mill natural stone and engineered/agglomerated stone as

defined by EN 14618:2009, when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are

reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Clause 4).

This document specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks arising from the

significant hazards.

This document deals with the foreseeable lifetime of the machinery including the phases of transport,

assembly, dismantling, disabling and scrapping.

This document also applies to machines fitted with the following facilities/devices:

— mechanical, pneumatic, hydraulic or vacuum workpiece clamping;
— automatic tool change;
— loading and unloading conveyor system;
— tilting and/or rotating head axis;
— rotating workpiece support(s);
— tilting workpiece support(s) when loading;
— lathe unit;
— undercut grooving unit;
— axes operating in accordance with an NC work programme.
This document does not apply to:
— machines intended for operation in a potentially explosive atmosphere;

— machines operating in severe environmental conditions (e.g. extreme temperatures, corrosive

environment);
— machines intended for outdoor operation;
— machines which are manufactured before the date of their publication as EN.
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2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 166:2001, Personal eye-protection — Specifications

EN 349:1993+A1:2008, Safety of machinery — Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human body

EN 1005-2:2003+A1:2008, Safety of machinery — Human physical performance — Part 2: Manual

handling of machinery and component parts of machinery

EN 1005-4:2005+A1:2008, Safety of machinery — Human physical performance — Part 4: Evaluation of

working postures and movements in relation to machinery
EN 14618:2009, Agglomerated stone — Terminology and classification

EN 50370-2:2003, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Product family standard for machine tools —

Part 2: Immunity

EN 60204-1:2006, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 1: General requirements

(IEC 60204 1:2005, mod.)

EN 60529:1991, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) (IEC 60529:1989)

EN 60529:1991/A1:2000, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) (IEC

60529:1989/A1:1999)

EN 60529:1991/A1:2013, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) (IEC

60529:1989/A2:2013)

EN 60825-1:2007, Safety of laser products — Part 1: Equipment classification and requirements (IEC

6082511:2007)

EN 61439-1:2011, Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear assemblies — Part 1: General rules

EN 61496-1:2013, Safety of machinery — Electro-sensitive protective equipment — Part 1: General

requirements and tests (IEC 61496-1:2012)

EN 61800-5-2:2007, Adjustable speed electrical power drive systems — Part 5-2: Safety requirements —

Functional (IEC 61800 5 2:2007)

EN 82079-1:2012, Preparation of instructions for use — Structuring, content and presentation — Part 1:

General principles and detailed requirements (IEC 82079-1:2012)

EN ISO 3744:2010, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise

sources using sound pressure — Engineering methods for an essentially free field over a reflecting plane (ISO

3744:2010)

EN ISO 3746:2010, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise

sources using sound pressure — Survey method using an enveloping measurement surface over a reflecting

plane (ISO 3746:2010)
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EN ISO 3747:2010, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise

sources using sound pressure — Engineering/survey methods for use in situ in a reverberant environment

(ISO 3747:2010)

EN ISO 4413:2010, Hydraulic fluid power — General rules and safety requirements for systems and their

components (ISO 4413:2010)

EN ISO 4414:2010, Pneumatic fluid power — General rules and safety requirements for systems and their

components (ISO 4414:2010)

EN ISO 4871:2009, Acoustics — Declaration and verification of noise emission values of machinery and

equipment (ISO 4871:1996)

EN ISO 11200:2014, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Guidelines for the use of

basic standards for the determination of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other

specified positions (ISO 11200:2014)

EN ISO 11201:2010, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Determination of emission

sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions in an essentially free field over a

reflecting plane with negligible environmental corrections (ISO 11201:2010)

EN ISO 11202:2010, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Determination of emission

sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions applying approximate environmental

corrections (ISO 11202:2010)

EN ISO 11204:2010, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Determination of emission

sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions applying accurate environmental

corrections (ISO 11204:2010)

EN ISO 11688-1:2009, Acoustics — Recommended practice for the design of low-noise machinery and

equipment - Part 1: Planning (ISO/TR 11688-1:1995)

EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery — General principles for design — Risk assessment and risk

reduction (ISO 12100:2010)

EN ISO 13849-1:2015, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 1: General

principles for design (ISO 13849-1:2015)

EN ISO 13850:2015, Safety of machinery — Emergency stop function — Principles for design (ISO

13850:2015)

EN ISO 13856-3:2013, Safety of machinery — Pressure-sensitive protective devices — Part 3: General

principles for design and testing of pressure-sensitive bumpers, plates, wires and similar devices (ISO 13856-

3:2013)

EN ISO 13857:2008, Safety of machinery — Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by

upper and lower limbs (ISO 13857:2008)

EN ISO 14118:2018, Safety of machinery — Prevention of unexpected start-up (ISO 14118:2017)

EN ISO 14119:2013, Safety of machinery — Interlocking devices associated with guards — Principles for

design and selection (ISO 14119:2013)
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EN ISO 14120:2015, Safety of machinery — Guards — General requirements for the design and

construction of fixed and movable guards (ISO 14120:2015)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100:2010 and the

following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
bridge sawing machine

integrated fed machine designed for sawing and/or shaping workpieces (see Figure 1) by the use of a

diamond disk water-cooled during the working process having at least two squared axes which the

working head moves over
Note 1 to entry: This machine can be equipped with the following facilities:
a) loading and unloading conveyor system;
b) tilting (A/B) and/or rotating (C) head axis;
c) rotating workpiece support(s);
d) tilting workpiece support(s) when loading;
e) lathe unit (see Figure 2);
f) workpiece vacuum moving system;
g) undercut grooving unit;
h) axes operating in accordance with an NC work programme.
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Safeguarding devices are not illustrated
Key

1 tool holder head (tilting version) A direction of the tilting movement of the head

2 diamond disk B direction of the tilting movement of the head
3 bridge C direction of the rotating movement of the head
direction of the rotating movement of the workpiece
4 carriage W
support(s)
5 slide rail X longitudinal movement of the head along the carriage
tilting and rotating workpiece
6 Y transverse movement of the bridge along the slide rail
support(s)
Z vertical movement of the head

Figure 1 — Example of a bridge sawing machine upper tilting head, rotating workpiece support

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Figure 2 — Example of a lathe unit
3.2
bridge sawing and milling machine

integrated fed machine designed for sawing, milling and boring workpieces (see Figure 3) by the use of a

diamond disk and by a milling tool water-cooled installed in the same head unit equipped with a single

or double spindle having at least three squared axes (XYZ)
Note 1 to entry: This machine can be equipped with the following facilities:
a) loading and unloading conveyor system;
b) tilting (A/B) and/or rotating (C) head axis;
c) rotating workpiece support(s);
d) tilting workpiece support(s) when loading;
e) lathe unit (see Figure 2);
f) workpiece vacuum moving system;
g) undercut grooving unit;
h) mechanical, pneumatic, hydraulic, or vacuum workpieces clamping;
i) axes operating in accordance with an NC work programme.
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Key
1 main drive - diamond disk C direction of the rotating movement of the head
2 milling unit X longitudinal movement of the head along the carriage
3 bridge Y transverse movement of the bridge along the slide rail
4 carriage Z vertical movement of the head
5 slide rail
6 tilting and rotating workpiece support(s)
Figure 3 — Example of a bridge sawing and milling machine with double spindle
3.3
numerical control bridge sawing/milling machine
integrated fed machines provided with
...

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