Textiles - Determination of the elasticity of fabrics - Part 3: Narrow fabrics (ISO 20932-3:2018)

This document specifies the test methods which can be used to measure the elasticity and related properties of narrow fabrics. Two methods are itemized: one for the purpose of product quality assurance (method A) and the other for product performance when in use (method B).

Textilien - Bestimmung der Elastizität von textilen Flächengebilden - Teil 3: Schmaltextilien (ISO 20932-3:2018)

Dieses Dokument legt die Prüfverfahren fest, die zur Messung der Elastizität und zugehöriger Eigenschaften von Schmaltextilien verwendet werden können. Zwei Verfahren werden genannt, von denen das eine (Verfahren A) der Sicherung der Produktqualität und das andere (Verfahren B) zur Ermittlung der Gebrauchseigenschaften des Produktes dient.

Textiles - Détermination de l'élasticité des étoffes - Partie 3: Etoffes étroites (ISO 20932-3:2018)

Le présent document spécifie des méthodes d'essai qui peuvent être utilisées pour mesurer l'élasticité et les propriétés afférentes des étoffes étroites. Deux méthodes sont décrites: l'une est destinée au contrôle qualité de production (méthode A), l'autre à la performance du produit dans les conditions d'utilisation (méthode B).

Tekstilije - Ugotavljanje elastičnosti tkanin - 3. del: Ozke tkanine (ISO 20932-3:2018)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
25-Feb-2020
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
26-Feb-2020
Completion Date
26-Feb-2020

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
EN ISO 20932-3:2020 - BARVE na PDF-str 24
English language
23 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day
Draft
prEN ISO 20932-3:2019
English language
20 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 20932-3:2020
01-maj-2020
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 14704-3:2007
Tekstilije - Ugotavljanje elastičnosti tkanin - 3. del: Ozke tkanine (ISO 20932-
3:2018)

Textiles - Determination of the elasticity of fabrics - Part 3: Narrow fabrics (ISO 20932-

3:2018)
Textilien - Bestimmung der Elastizität von textilen Flächengebilden - Teil 3:
Schmaltextilien (ISO 20932-3:2018)

Textiles - Détermination de l'élasticité des étoffes - Partie 3: Etoffes étroites (ISO 20932-

3:2018)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 20932-3:2020
ICS:
59.080.01 Tekstilije na splošno Textiles in general
SIST EN ISO 20932-3:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 20932-3:2020
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 20932-3:2020
EN ISO 20932-3
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
February 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 59.080.30 Supersedes EN 14704-3:2006
English Version
Textiles - Determination of the elasticity of fabrics - Part 3:
Narrow fabrics (ISO 20932-3:2018)

Textiles - Détermination de l'élasticité des étoffes - Textilien - Bestimmung der Elastizität von textilen

Partie 3: Etoffes étroites (ISO 20932-3:2018) Flächengebilden - Teil 3: Schmaltextilien (ISO 20932-

3:2018)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 11 November 2019.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 20932-3:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 20932-3:2020
EN ISO 20932-3:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 20932-3:2020
EN ISO 20932-3:2020 (E)
European foreword

The text of ISO 20932-3:2018 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 38 "Textiles” of the

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken over as EN ISO 20932-3:2020

by Technical Committee CEN/TC 248 “Textiles and textile products” the secretariat of which is held by

BSI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by August 2020, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by August 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 14704-3:2006.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 20932-3:2018 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 20932-3:2020 without any

modification.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 20932-3:2020
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 20932-3:2020
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 20932-3
First edition
2018-11
Textiles — Determination of the
elasticity of fabrics —
Part 3:
Narrow fabrics
Textiles — Détermination de l'élasticité des étoffes —
Partie 3: Etoffes étroites
Reference number
ISO 20932-3:2018(E)
ISO 2018
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 20932-3:2020
ISO 20932-3:2018(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2018

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 20932-3:2020
ISO 20932-3:2018(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

4.1 Method A ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2 Method B ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5 Sampling ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

6 Apparatus ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

7 Atmosphere for conditioning and testing .................................................................................................................................. 5

8 Preparation of test specimens ................................................................................................................................................................ 5

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

8.2 Test specimen preparation ........................................................................................................................................................... 5

9 Procedure..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

9.1 Method A ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

9.1.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

9.1.2 Operation ................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

9.1.3 Recording ............................................................................................................................................................................... 6

9.1.4 Expressions and calculations of test results ............................................................................................ 7

9.2 Method B ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

9.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

9.2.2 Operation ................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

9.2.3 Recording ............................................................................................................................................................................10

9.2.4 Expressions and calculations of test results .........................................................................................10

10 Test report ................................................................................................................................................................................................................10

Annex A (informative) Example of a typical cycling graph for method A ....................................................................12

Annex B (informative) Procedure for sampling .....................................................................................................................................13

Annex C (informative) Clamping and holding devices ....................................................................................................................14

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................15

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 20932-3:2020
ISO 20932-3:2018(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: www .iso .org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 38, Textiles, Subcommittee SC 24,

Conditioning atmospheres and physical tests for textile fabrics.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
A list of all parts in the ISO 20932 series can be found on the ISO website.
iv © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 20932-3:2020
ISO 20932-3:2018(E)
Introduction

This document was developed as a result of technical advancements in yarn and fabric structures and

properties, which increase product range and developments.
[1]
This document is based on EN 14704-3 .
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 20932-3:2020
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 20932-3:2020
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 20932-3:2018(E)
Textiles — Determination of the elasticity of fabrics —
Part 3:
Narrow fabrics
1 Scope

This document specifies the test methods which can be used to measure the elasticity and related

properties of narrow fabrics. Two methods are itemized: one for the purpose of product quality

assurance (method A) and the other for product performance when in use (method B).

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 139, Textiles — Standard atmospheres for conditioning and testing

ISO 7500-1, Metallic materials — Verification of static uniaxial testing machines — Part 1: Tension/

compression testing machines — Verification and calibration of the force-measuring system

ISO 10012, Measurement management systems — Requirements for measurement processes and measuring

equipment
ISO 22198, Textiles — Fabrics — Determination of width and length
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http: //www .electropedia .org/
3.1
narrow fabric

woven or knitted construction intended for use as a trim, binding, edging, strapping or harness, and

designed to be used in its full width
[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.1]
3.2
elasticity

ability to recover original size and shape immediately after the removal of the force causing

deformation
[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.2]
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 20932-3:2020
ISO 20932-3:2018(E)
3.3
constant-rate-of-extension testing machine
CRE testing machine

tensile testing machine provided with one clamp which is stationary and another clamp, which moves

with a constant speed throughout the test, the entire testing system being virtually free from deflection

[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.3]
3.4
strip test specimen

test specimen in which the full width is gripped in the jaws of the testing machine

[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.4]
3.5
gauge length
distance between the two effective clamping points of a testing device

Note 1 to entry: For this method where line clamps are employed, it is the distance between the two contact points.

3.6
slack mounting

insertion of a strip test specimen in the line clamps of the upper jaw, allowing it to hang freely under its

own weight, guided by the hand to ensure perpendicular alignment to the line of pulling force, without

any force being applied
[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.7]
3.7
initial length

length of the test specimen between the two effective clamping or holding points, at the beginning of

the test (after slack mounting or under specified pretension)
[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.8]
3.8
pretension
force applied to a test specimen at the beginning of certain tests
[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.9]
3.9
extension
increase in length of a test specimen during testing
Note 1 to entry: Extension is expressed in units of the length.
[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.10]
3.10
elongation
ratio of the extension of the test specimen to its initial length
Note 1 to entry: Elongation is expressed as a percentage.
[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.11]
3.11
maximum force
force at the position when a test specimen is taken to a fixed extension
Note 1 to entry: Maximum forced is expressed in newtons.
2 © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 20932-3:2020
ISO 20932-3:2018(E)
[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.12]
3.12
maximum extension
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN ISO 20932-3:2019
01-julij-2019
Tekstilije - Ugotavljanje elastičnosti tkanin - 3. del: Ozke tkanine (ISO 20932-
3:2018)

Textiles - Determination of the elasticity of fabrics - Part 3: Narrow fabrics (ISO 20932-

3:2018)

Textiles - Détermination de l'élasticité des étoffes - Partie 3: Etoffes étroites (ISO 20932-

3:2018)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN ISO 20932-3
ICS:
59.080.01 Tekstilije na splošno Textiles in general
oSIST prEN ISO 20932-3:2019 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 20932-3:2019
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 20932-3:2019
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 20932-3
First edition
2018-11
Textiles — Determination of the
elasticity of fabrics —
Part 3:
Narrow fabrics
Textiles — Détermination de l'élasticité des étoffes —
Partie 3: Etoffes étroites
Reference number
ISO 20932-3:2018(E)
ISO 2018
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 20932-3:2019
ISO 20932-3:2018(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2018

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 20932-3:2019
ISO 20932-3:2018(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

4.1 Method A ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2 Method B ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5 Sampling ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

6 Apparatus ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

7 Atmosphere for conditioning and testing .................................................................................................................................. 5

8 Preparation of test specimens ................................................................................................................................................................ 5

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

8.2 Test specimen preparation ........................................................................................................................................................... 5

9 Procedure..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

9.1 Method A ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

9.1.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

9.1.2 Operation ................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

9.1.3 Recording ............................................................................................................................................................................... 6

9.1.4 Expressions and calculations of test results ............................................................................................ 7

9.2 Method B ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

9.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

9.2.2 Operation ................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

9.2.3 Recording ............................................................................................................................................................................10

9.2.4 Expressions and calculations of test results .........................................................................................10

10 Test report ................................................................................................................................................................................................................10

Annex A (informative) Example of a typical cycling graph for method A ....................................................................12

Annex B (informative) Procedure for sampling .....................................................................................................................................13

Annex C (informative) Clamping and holding devices ....................................................................................................................14

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................15

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 20932-3:2019
ISO 20932-3:2018(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www. iso. org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: www .iso .org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 38, Textiles, Subcommittee SC 24,

Conditioning atmospheres and physical tests for textile fabrics.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
A list of all parts in the ISO 20932 series can be found on the ISO website.
iv © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 20932-3:2019
ISO 20932-3:2018(E)
Introduction

This document was developed as a result of technical advancements in yarn and fabric structures and

properties, which increase product range and developments.
[1]
This document is based on EN 14704-3 .
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 20932-3:2019
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 20932-3:2019
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 20932-3:2018(E)
Textiles — Determination of the elasticity of fabrics —
Part 3:
Narrow fabrics
1 Scope

This document specifies the test methods which can be used to measure the elasticity and related

properties of narrow fabrics. Two methods are itemized: one for the purpose of product quality

assurance (method A) and the other for product performance when in use (method B).

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 139, Textiles — Standard atmospheres for conditioning and testing

ISO 7500-1, Metallic materials — Verification of static uniaxial testing machines — Part 1: Tension/

compression testing machines — Verification and calibration of the force-measuring system

ISO 10012, Measurement management systems — Requirements for measurement processes and measuring

equipment
ISO 22198, Textiles — Fabrics — Determination of width and length
3 Terms a nd definiti ons
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:/ /www. iso. org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:/ /www.e lectropedia. org/
3.1
narrow fabric

woven or knitted construction intended for use as a trim, binding, edging, strapping or harness, and

designed to be used in its full width
[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.1]
3.2
elasticity

ability to recover original size and shape immediately after the removal of the force causing

deformation
[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.2]
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 20932-3:2019
ISO 20932-3:2018(E)
3.3
constant-rate-of-extension testing machine
CRE testing machine

tensile testing machine provided with one clamp which is stationary and another clamp, which moves

with a constant speed throughout the test, the entire testing system being virtually free from deflection

[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.3]
3.4
strip test specimen

test specimen in which the full width is gripped in the jaws of the testing machine

[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.4]
3.5
gauge length
distance between the two effective clamping points of a testing device

Note 1 to entry: For this method where line clamps are employed, it is the distance between the two contact points.

3.6
slack mounting

insertion of a strip test specimen in the line clamps of the upper jaw, allowing it to hang freely under its

own weight, guided by the hand to ensure perpendicular alignment to the line of pulling force, without

any force being applied
[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.7]
3.7
initial length

length of the test specimen between the two effective clamping or holding points, at the beginning of

the test (after slack mounting or under specified pretension)
[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.8]
3.8
pretension
force applied to a test specimen at the beginning of certain tests
[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.9]
3.9
extension
increase in length of a test specimen during testing
Note 1 to entry: Extension is expressed in units of the length.
[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.10]
3.10
elongation
ratio of the extension of the test specimen to its initial length
Note 1 to entry: Elongation is expressed as a percentage.
[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.11]
3.11
maximum force
force at the position when a test specimen is taken to a fixed extension
Note 1 to entry: Maximum forced is expressed in newtons.
2 © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 20932-3:2019
ISO 20932-3:2018(E)
[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.12]
3.12
maximum extension

extension recorded in millimetres at the position when a test specimen is taken to a fixed load

Note 1 to entry: Maximum extension is expressed in units of the length.
[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.13]
3.13
f or c e at s p e c i f ie d elon g at ion
force measured at a given elongation on either the load or unload curves
[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.14]
3.14
cycle

process whereby a fabric is taken from the gauge length to a fixed load or fixed extension or elongation,

and returned to gauge length
[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.15]
3.15
force decay due to time

loss of force measured over time when a test specimen is stretched to a specified elongation or force

and held in this position for a given time period

Note 1 to entry: The decay in force is expressed as a percentage of the original force recorded at the specified

position (see Annex A, Figure A.1).
[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.16]
3.16
force decay due to exercising

loss of force, calculated and expressed as a percentage, as measured and recorded at the same elongation

point on two different cycles when the test specimen is cycled several times between the gauge length

and a specified elongation
Note 1 to entry: See Annex A, Figure A.1.
[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.17]
3.17
permanent deformation

ratio of unrecovered extension of the test specimen after cycling (to a specified force or specified

extension) to its initial length
Note 1 to entry: Permanent deformation is expressed as a percentage.
[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.18]
3.18
recovered elongation
complement of permanent deformation to 100 %
[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.19]
3.19
elastic recovery
recovered elongation of the total elongation
Note 1 to entry: Elastic recovery is expressed as a percentage.
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 20932-3:2019
ISO 20932-3:2018(E)
[SOURCE: ISO 20932-1:2018, 3.20]
4 Principle
4.1 Method A

A narrow test specimen of specified length dimensions is extended at a constant rate to a specified force

for an agreed number of cycles. Several ch
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.