Woodworking machines - Safety - Part 5: Dimension saws (ISO 19085-5:2017)

This international standard deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events as listed in
Clause 4 which are relevant to stationary and displaceable dimensions saws, hereinafter referred to as
machines‖, designed to cut wood and material with similar physical characteristics to wood, when they are
operated, adjusted and maintained as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer
including reasonably foreseeable misuse. Also transport, assembly, dismantling, disabling and scrapping
phases are taken into account.
The machines may also be fitted with one or more of the following devices/facilities, whose hazards have
been dealt with:
a) facility for the main saw blade and scoring saw blade (if any) to be raised and lowered;
b) facility to tilt the main saw blade and scoring saw blade (if any) for angled cutting;
c) facility for scoring;
d) facility for grooving with milling tool with a width not exceeding 20 mm in one pass;
e) demountable power feed unit;
f) post-formed edge pre-cutting unit;
g) power operated sliding table;
h) workpiece clamping.

Holzbearbeitungsmaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 5: Formatkreissägemaschinen (ISO 19085-5:2017)

Machines à bois - Sécurité - Partie 5: Scies au format (ISO 19085-5:2017)

ISO 19085-5:2017 donne les exigences et les mesures de sécurité pour les scies au format fixes et transportables, ci-après désignées «machines», conçues pour la coupe de bois et de matériau ayant des caractéristiques physiques similaires à celles du bois.
NOTE 1 Pour les définitions de machines fixes et transportables, voir l'ISO 19085‑1:2017, 3.4 et 3.5.
Il traite de tous les phénomènes dangereux, situations et événements dangereux significatifs, tels qu'énumérés à l'Article 4, applicables aux machines lorsqu'elles sont utilisées, réglées et entretenues comme prévu et dans les conditions prévues par le fabricant, incluant une mauvaise utilisation raisonnablement prévisible. Les phases de transport, d'assemblage, de démontage, de mise hors service et de mise au rebut ont également été prises en compte.
NOTE 2 Pour les phénomènes dangereux pertinents mais non significatifs, par exemple, les arêtes vives du bâti de la machine, voir l'ISO 12100.
Il est également applicable aux machines équipées d'un ou plusieurs des dispositifs/unités de travail supplémentaires suivants, dont les phénomènes dangereux ont été traités:
- dispositif pour élever et abaisser la lame de scie principale et la lame de scie d'incision;
- dispositif pour incliner la lame de scie principale et la lame de scie d'incision pour une coupe en angle;
- dispositif pour l'incision;
- dispositif pour le rainurage à l'aide d'un outil de fraisage ayant une largeur ne dépassant pas 20 mm;
- unité d'avance mécanisée démontable;
- unité de précoupe de chant postformé;
- table mobile mécanisée;
- bridage de pièce.
NOTE 3 Les scies au format sont utilisées pour le délignage, pour le tronçonnage, pour la coupe au format et pour le rainurage.
ISO 19085-5:2017 n'est pas applicable aux machines prévues pour une utilisation en atmosphères explosibles, ni aux machines fabriquées avant sa date de publication.

Lesnoobdelovalni stroji - Varnost - 5. del: Formatne žage (ISO 19085-5:2017)

Ta mednarodni dokument obravnava vsa večja tveganja, nevarne razmere in dogodke iz točke 4, ki se nanašajo na stacionarne in premične formatne žage, v nadaljevanju »stroji«, ki so namenjene rezanju lesa in materialov s podobnimi fizičnimi lastnostmi, kadar se upravljajo, prilagajajo in vzdržujejo skladno z njihovim namenom in pod pogoji, ki jih je določil proizvajalec, vključno s smiselno predvideno nepravilno uporabo. Upoštevane so tudi faze transporta, sestavljanja, razstavljanja in razrezovanja stroja. Stroji so lahko opremljeni tudi z naslednjimi napravami ali funkcijami, katerih tveganja so bila obravnavana: a) funkcijo dviganja in spuščanja glavnega rezila in rezila za zarezovanje (če je na voljo); b) funkcijo nagiba glavnega rezila in rezila za zarezovanje (če je na voljo) za rezanje pod kotom; c) funkcijo zarezovanja; d) funkcijo podrezovanja s frezalom širine največ 20 mm v enem hodu; e) odstranljivo napajalno enoto; f) enoto za predhodno rezanje zaokroženih robov; g) drsno mizo na električni pogon; h) napravo za vpenjanje obdelovanca.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
09-Jun-2015
Publication Date
08-Nov-2017
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
01-Sep-2017
Due Date
06-Nov-2017
Completion Date
09-Nov-2017

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 19085-5:2017
01-december-2017
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 1870-18:2013
Lesnoobdelovalni stroji - Varnost - 5. del: Formatne žage (ISO 19085-5:2017)
Woodworking machines - Safety - Part 5: Dimension saws (ISO 19085-5:2017)
Holzbearbeitungsmaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 5: Formatkreissägemaschinen (ISO
19085-5:2017)
Machines à bois - Sécurité - Partie 5: Scies au format (ISO 19085-5:2017)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 19085-5:2017
ICS:
25.080.60 Strojne žage Sawing machines
79.120.10 Lesnoobdelovalni stroji Woodworking machines
SIST EN ISO 19085-5:2017 en,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19085-5:2017
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19085-5:2017
EN ISO 19085-5
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
August 2017
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.110; 79.120.10 Supersedes EN 1870-18:2013
English Version
Woodworking machines - Safety - Part 5: Dimension saws
(ISO 19085-5:2017)

Machines à bois - Sécurité - Partie 5: Scies au format Holzbearbeitungsmaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 5:

(ISO 19085-5:2017) Formatkreissägemaschinen (ISO 19085-5:2017)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 11 September 2016.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2017 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 19085-5:2017 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19085-5:2017
EN ISO 19085-5:2017 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC ........................................................................................... 4

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SIST EN ISO 19085-5:2017
EN ISO 19085-5:2017 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 19085-5:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 39 “Machine

tools” in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 142 “Woodworking machines - Safety” the

secretariat of which is held by UNI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by February 2018, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by February 2018.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 1870-18:2013.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 19085-5:2017 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 19085-5:2017 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO 19085-5:2017
EN ISO 19085-5:2017 (E)
Annex ZA
(informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the essential
requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC

This European standard has been prepared under a Commission’s standardization request “M/396” to

provide one voluntary means of conforming to essential requirements of the new approach Machinery

Directive 2006/42.

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive,

compliance with the normative clauses of this standard given in Table ZA.1 confers, within the limits of

the scope of this standard, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding essential requirements

of that Directive, and associated EFTA regulations.

Table ZA.1 — Correspondence between this European Standard and Directive 2006/42/EC

Clause(s)/subclause(s) Remarks/
Essential Requirements (ERs) of Directive 2006/42/EC
of this EN Notes
1.1.2 Principles of safety integration
a) fitted for its function 5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.4, 5.5, 5.6,
5.7, 5.11, 5.13, 6.6, 6.7,
6.8, 7.12, 7.13, 8.3
b) eliminate or reduce the risks, give measures, inform Clause 5, 6, 7, 8
c) intended use and reasonably foreseeable misuse Clause 5, 6, 7, 8
d) constraints in use 7.5, 8.3
e) equipment 6.1, 6.9, 7.9, 8.3
1.1.3 Materials and products 6.2, 6.3, 6.5, 6.6, 6.7, 7.3
1.1.4 Lighting 7.6, 8.3
1.1.5 Design of machinery to facilitate its handling 5.2, 6.6, 7.5
1.1.6 Ergonomics 7.5
1.1.7 Operating position 5.2, 5.6, 5.7, 5.11, 5.13, 8.3
1.2.1 Safety and reliability of control systems 5.1, 5.6, 5.7, 5.11, 5.13,
6.5, 6.6, 7.8, 7.12
1.2.2 Control devices 5.2, 5.3, 5.4, 5.6, 5.7, 5.11,
5.13, 6.7.4.2, 8.3
1.2.3 Starting 5.2, 5.3, 5.6, 5.7, 5.11,
5.13, 6.7.4.2
1.2.4 Stopping 5.2, 5.4, 5.5, 5.8, 6.4.2
1.2.4.1 Normal stop 5.4.2
1.2.4.2 Operational stop 5.4.3
1.2.4.3 Emergency stop 5.4.4
1.2.5 Selection of control or operating mode 5.6
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SIST EN ISO 19085-5:2017
EN ISO 19085-5:2017 (E)
1.2.6 Failure of the power supply 5.8, 7.7, 7.8, 7.13
1.2.8 Software 5.1
1.3.1 Risk of loss of stability 6.1, 8.3
1.3.2 Risk of break-up during operation 6.2, 8.3
1.3.3 Risks due to falling or ejected objects 6.2, 6.3, 6.5
1.3.4 Risk due to surfaces, edges or angles 5.1
1.3.6 Risks relating to variations in the operating conditions 5.7, 5.11, 5.13
1.3.7 Risks related to moving parts 5.6, 5.11, 5.13, 6.7
1.3.8 Choice of protection against risks related to moving
6.6.1, 6.6.2, 6.6.3, 6.6.4
parts
1.3.8.1 Moving transmission parts 6.6.3
1.3.8.2 Moving parts involved in the process 6.6.1, 6.6.2, 6.6.3, 6.6.4
1.3.9 Risk of uncontrolled movements 5.6, 5.11, 6.6.4, 6.8
1.4.1 General requirements 6.9.1, 6.6, 6.7, 6.8, 7.3
1.4.2.1 Fixed guards 6.5.1
1.4.2.2 Interlocking movable guards 6.5.2
1.4.2.3 Adjustable guards restricting access 6.2, 6.6, 6.7
1.5.1 Electricity supply 7.4, 7.13
1.5.2 Static electricity 7.11
1.5.3 Energy supply other than electricity 7.7, 7.8
1.5.4 Errors of fitting 7.12
1.5.6 Fire 7.1
1.5.8 Noise 7.2
1.5.11 External radiation 7.9
1.5.12 Laser equipment 7.10
1.5.13 Emission of hazardous materials and substances 7.3
1.6.1 Machinery maintenance 7.14
1.6.2 Access to operating position and servicing points 5.2, 6.7, 7.14
1.6.3 Isolation of energy sources 7.13
1.6.4 Operator intervention 5.2, 5.6, 5.7, 5.11, 6.7, 7.5,
7.14, 8.3
1.6.5 Cleaning of internal parts 7.3, 8.3
1.7.1 Information and warnings on the machinery 5.1, 6.3, 7.5, 8.3
1.7.2 Warning devices 8.1
1.7.3 Marking of machinery 8.2
1.7.4 Instructions 8.3
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SIST EN ISO 19085-5:2017
EN ISO 19085-5:2017 (E)
2.3 Machinery for working wood and analogous materials
a) guiding 6.10, 6.11
b) ejection 6.9
c) brake 5.5, 6.4
d) accidental tool contact 6.5, 6.6, 6.7, 8.3

WARNING 1 — Presumption of conformity stays valid only as long as a reference to this European

standard is maintained in the list published in the Official Journal of the European Union. Users of this

standard should consult frequently the latest list published in the Official Journal of the European

Union.

WARNING 2 — Other Union legislation may be applicable to the product(s) falling within the scope of

this standard.
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SIST EN ISO 19085-5:2017
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 19085-5
First edition
2017-07
Woodworking machines — Safety —
Part 5:
Dimension saws
Machines à bois — Sécurité —
Partie 5: Scies au format
Reference number
ISO 19085-5:2017(E)
ISO 2017
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SIST EN ISO 19085-5:2017
ISO 19085-5:2017(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2017, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19085-5:2017
ISO 19085-5:2017(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 List of significant hazards ........................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5 Safety requirements and measures for controls ................................................................................................................. 6

5.1 Safety and reliability of control systems ........................................................................................................................... 6

5.2 Control devices ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.3 Start .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

5.4 Safe stops ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.4.2 Normal stop .......................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.4.3 Operational stop ............................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.4.4 Emergency stop ................................................................................................................................................................ 8

5.5 Braking function of tool spindles ............................................................................................................................................ 8

5.6 Mode selection ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

5.7 Spindle speed changing ................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.7.1 Spindle speed changing by changing belts on the pulleys ........................................................... 9

5.7.2 Spindle speed changing by incremental speed change motor ................................................. 9

5.7.3 Infinitely variable speed by frequency inverter .................................................................................... 9

5.8 Failure of any power supply ........................................................................................................................................................ 9

5.9 Manual reset control .......................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.10 Enabling control ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.11 Machine moving part speed monitoring ........................................................................................................................... 9

5.12 Time delay ................................................................................................................................................................................................10

5.13 Power-operated adjustment of the saw blades and/or fences ...................................................................10

6 Safety requirements and measures for protection against mechanical hazards ...........................10

6.1 Stability .......................................................................................................................................................................................................10

6.1.1 Stationary machines ..................................................................................................................................................10

6.1.2 Displaceable machines ............................................................................................................................................11

6.2 Risk of break-up during operation ......................................................................................................................................11

6.3 Tool holder and tool design.......................................................................................................................................................11

6.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................11

6.3.2 Spindle locking ...............................................................................................................................................................11

6.3.3 Circular saw blade fixing device ......................................................................................................................11

6.3.4 Flange dimension for circular saw blades ..............................................................................................11

6.3.5 Fixing device for milling tools ...........................................................................................................................11

6.4 Braking ........................................................................................................................................................................................................12

6.4.1 Braking of tool spindles ..........................................................................................................................................12

6.4.2 Maximum run-down time .....................................................................................................................................12

6.4.3 Brake release ....................................................................................................................................................................12

6.5 Safeguards ................................................................................................................................................................................................13

6.5.1 Fixed guards ......................................................................................................................................................................13

6.5.2 Interlocking movable guards..............................................................................................................................13

6.5.3 Hold-to-run control ....................................................................................................................................................13

6.5.4 Two-hand control .........................................................................................................................................................13

6.5.5 Electro-sensitive protective equipment (ESPE) .................................................................................13

6.5.6 Pressure-sensitive protective equipment (PSPE).............................................................................13

6.6 Prevention of access to moving parts ...............................................................................................................................13

6.6.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................13

6.6.2 Guarding of tools ...........................................................................................................................................................13

© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 19085-5:2017
ISO 19085-5:2017(E)

6.6.3 Guarding of drives .......................................................................................................................................................20

6.6.4 Guarding of shearing and/or crushing zones ......................................................................................20

6.7 Impact hazard .......................................................................................................................................................................................21

6.8 Clamping devices ...............................................................................................................................................................................21

6.9 Measures against ejection ..........................................................................................................................................................21

6.9.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................21

6.9.2 Guards materials and characteristics..........................................................................................................21

6.9.3 Anti-kickback devices ...............................................................................................................................................22

6.10 Work-piece supports and guides ..........................................................................................................................................25

6.10.1 Rip fence ...............................................................................................................................................................................25

6.10.2 Cross-cut fence ...............................................................................................................................................................27

6.10.3 Work piece clamping shoe ....................................................................................................................................28

6.10.4 Machine table ...................................................................... .............................................................................................28

6.10.5 Extension table ...............................................................................................................................................................28

6.10.6 Sliding table .......................................................................................................................................................................28

6.11 Safety appliances ................................................................................................................................................................................29

7 Safety requirements and measures for protection against other hazards ...........................................31

7.1 Fire ......... .........................................................................................................................................................................................................31

7.2 Noise .............................................................................................................................................................................................................31

7.2.1 Noise reduction at the design stage .............................................................................................................31

7.2.2 Noise emission measurement ...........................................................................................................................31

7.3 Emission of chips and dust ........................................................................................................................................................32

7.4 Electricity ..................................................................................................................................................................................................32

7.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................32

7.4.2 Displaceable machines ............................................................................................................................................32

7.5 Ergonomics and handling ...........................................................................................................................................................32

7.6 Lighting .......................................................................................................................................................................................................32

7.7 Pneumatics ..............................................................................................................................................................................................32

7.8 Hydraulics ................................................................................................................................................................................................33

7.9 Electromagnetic compatibility ...............................................................................................................................................33

7.10 Laser ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................33

7.11 Static electricity ...................................................................................................................................................................................33

7.12 Errors of fitting ....................................................................................................................................................................................33

7.13 Isolation .....................................................................................................................................................................................................33

7.14 Maintenance ...........................................................................................................................................................................................33

8 Information for use .........................................................................................................................................................................................33

8.1 Warning devices ..................................................................................................................................................................................33

8.2 Marking ......................................................................................................................................................................................................33

8.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................33

8.2.2 Additional markings ..................................................................................................................................................33

8.3 Instruction handbook ....................................................................................................................................................................34

8.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................34

8.3.2 Additional information ............................................................................................................................................34

Annex A (informative) Performance level required ..........................................................................................................................37

Annex B (normative) Test for braking function .....................................................................................................................................39

Annex C (normative) Stability test for displaceable machines ..............................................................................................40

Annex D (normative) Impact test for guards ............................................................................................................................................42

Annex E (normative) Noise emission measurement for machines not in ISO 7960 ........................................43

Annex F (normative) Riving knife longitudinal and lateral rigidity tests ...................................................................44

Annex G (normative) Minimum dimensions of machine table and extension table ........................................46

Annex H (normative) Saw blade guard rigidity test ..........................................................................................................................47

Bibliography ......................................................................................................

...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN ISO 19085-5:2015
01-maj-2015
Lesnoobdelovalni stroji - Varnost - 5. del: Formatne žage (ISO/DIS 19085-5:2015)
Woodworking Machines - Safety - Part 5: Dimension saws (ISO/DIS 19085-5:2015)

Holzbearbeitungsmaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 5: Formatkreissägemaschinen (ISO/DIS

19085-5:2015)

Machines pour le travail du bois - Sécurité - Partie 5 : Scies au format (ISO/DIS 19085-

5:2015)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN ISO 19085-5
ICS:
25.080.60 Strojne žage Sawing machines
79.120.10 Lesnoobdelovalni stroji Woodworking machines
oSIST prEN ISO 19085-5:2015 en,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 19085-5:2015
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 19085-5:2015
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD
ISO/DIS 19085-5
ISO/TC 39/SC 4 Secretariat: UNI
Voting begins on: Voting terminates on:
2015-02-19 2015-05-19
Woodworking machines — Safety —
Part 5:
Dimension saws
Machines pour le travail du bois — Sécurité —
Partie 5: Scies au format
ICS: 13.110; 79.120.10
ISO/CEN PARALLEL PROCESSING
This draft has been developed within the International Organization for
Standardization (ISO), and processed under the ISO lead mode of collaboration
as defined in the Vienna Agreement.
This draft is hereby submitted to the ISO member bodies and to the CEN member
bodies for a parallel five month enquiry.

Should this draft be accepted, a final draft, established on the basis of comments

received, will be submitted to a parallel two-month approval vote in ISO and
THIS DOCUMENT IS A DRAFT CIRCULATED
formal vote in CEN.
FOR COMMENT AND APPROVAL. IT IS
THEREFORE SUBJECT TO CHANGE AND MAY
NOT BE REFERRED TO AS AN INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD UNTIL PUBLISHED AS SUCH.
To expedite distribution, this document is circulated as received from the
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
committee secretariat. ISO Central Secretariat work of editing and text
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL,
composition will be undertaken at publication stage.
TECHNOLOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND
USER PURPOSES, DRAFT INTERNATIONAL
STANDARDS MAY ON OCCASION HAVE TO
BE CONSIDERED IN THE LIGHT OF THEIR
POTENTIAL TO BECOME STANDARDS TO
WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
Reference number
NATIONAL REGULATIONS.
ISO/DIS 19085-5:2014(E)
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED
TO SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS,
NOTIFICATION OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT
RIGHTS OF WHICH THEY ARE AWARE AND TO
PROVIDE SUPPORTING DOCUMENTATION. ISO 2014
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 19085-5:2015
ISO/DIS 19085-5:2014(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2014

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2014 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 19085-5:2015
ISO/DIS 19085-5
Contents Page

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. v

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ vi

1 Scope ...................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................ 2

3 Terms and definitions ........................................................................................................................... 4

4 List of significant hazards .................................................................................................................... 7

5 Safety requirements and/or measures ................................................................................................ 9

5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.2 Controls .................................................................................................................................................. 9

5.2.1 Safety and reliability of control systems ............................................................................................ 9

5.2.2 Control devices ...................................................................................................................................... 9

5.2.3 Starting ................................................................................................................................................. 10

5.2.4 Safe stops ............................................................................................................................................ 11

5.2.5 Braking function .................................................................................................................................. 11

5.2.6 Mode selection ..................................................................................................................................... 11

5.2.7 Spindle speed changing ..................................................................................................................... 11

5.2.8 Powered clamping ............................................................................................................................... 12

5.2.9 Failure of any power supply ............................................................................................................... 12

5.2.10 Failure of control circuits ................................................................................................................... 12

5.2.11 Manual reset control device ............................................................................................................... 12

5.2.12 Enabling control device ...................................................................................................................... 12

5.2.13 Machine moving part limited speed control ..................................................................................... 12

5.2.14 Interlocking of guards, protective devices, movement and functions .......................................... 12

5.2.15 Power operated adjustment of the saw blades and/or fences........................................................ 12

5.3 Protection against mechanical hazards ............................................................................................ 14

5.3.1 Stability ................................................................................................................................................. 14

5.3.2 Risk of break-up during operation ..................................................................................................... 14

5.3.3 Tool holder and tool design ............................................................................................................... 14

5.3.4 Braking ................................................................................................................................................. 16

5.3.5 Safeguards design .............................................................................................................................. 16

5.3.6 Prevention of access to moving parts .............................................................................................. 17

5.3.7 Impact hazards .................................................................................................................................... 25

5.3.8 Clamping devices ................................................................................................................................ 26

5.3.9 Measures against ejection .................................................................................................................. 26

5.3.10 Workpiece support and guides .......................................................................................................... 32

5.3.11 Safety appliances ................................................................................................................................ 38

5.4 Protection against non mechanical hazards .................................................................................... 41

5.4.1 Fire ........................................................................................................................................................ 41

5.4.2 Noise ..................................................................................................................................................... 41

5.4.3 Emission of chips and dust ................................................................................................................ 42

5.4.4 Electricity ............................................................................................................................................. 42

5.4.5 Ergonomics and handling .................................................................................................................. 42

5.4.6 Lighting................................................................................................................................................. 42

5.4.7 Pneumatics .......................................................................................................................................... 42

5.4.8 Hydraulics ............................................................................................................................................ 42

5.4.9 Electromagnetic compatibility ........................................................................................................... 42

5.4.10 Laser ..................................................................................................................................................... 43

5.4.11 Static electricity ................................................................................................................................... 43

5.4.12 Errors of fitting .................................................................................................................................... 43

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5.4.13 Isolation ................................................................................................................................................43

5.4.14 Maintenance .........................................................................................................................................43

6 Instruction for use ...............................................................................................................................43

6.1 Warning devices ..................................................................................................................................43

6.2 Marking .................................................................................................................................................43

6.2.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................43

6.2.2 Additional markings ............................................................................................................................43

6.3 Instruction handbook ..........................................................................................................................44

6.3.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................44

6.3.2 Additional information ........................................................................................................................44

Annex A (informative) Performance level required ......................................................................................48

Annex B (normative) Tests for braking function ..........................................................................................50

Annex C (normative) Stability test for displaceable machines ..................................................................51

Annex D (normative) Impact test for guards .................................................................................................52

Annex E (normative) Noise emission measurement for machines not in ISO 7960:1995 ........................52

Annex F (informative) Recommended airflow rates .....................................................................................52

Annex G (normative) Riving knife longitudinal and lateral stability tests .................................................53

G.1 Riving knife longitudinal stability test ...............................................................................................53

G.2 Riving knife lateral stability test .........................................................................................................53

Annex H (normative) Minimum dimensions of machine table, extension table and insert .....................54

Annex I (normative) Saw blade guard stability test .....................................................................................55

I.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................55

I.2 Saw blade guards mounted separately from riving knife ................................................................55

I.2.1 Saw blade guards with lead-in ...........................................................................................................55

I.2.2 Saw blade guards with in-feed rollers ...............................................................................................56

I.3 Riving knife mounted saw blade guards ...........................................................................................57

Bibliography ......................................................................................................................................................59

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oSIST prEN ISO 19085-5:2015
ISO/DIS 19085-5
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 19085-5 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 39, Machine tools, Subcommittee SC 4,

Woodworking machines.

This second/third/... edition cancels and replaces the first/second/... edition (), [clause(s) / subclause(s) /

table(s) / figure(s) / annex(es)] of which [has / have] been technically revised.

ISO 19085 consists of the following parts, under the general title Woodworking machines — Safety:

 Part 1: Common requirements
 Part 2: Horizontal beam panel sawing machines
 Part 3: Numerically controlled (NC) boring and routing machines
 Part 4: Vertical panel sawing machines
 Part 5: Dimension saws
 Part 6: Single spindle vertical moulding machines (“toupie”)
 Part 7: Surface, thicknessing, combined surface/thicknessing planing machines
 Part 8: Wide belt calibrating and sanding machines
 Part 9: Bench saws (with and without sliding table)
 Part 10: Building site saws

Al these parts have been prepared simultaneously by Technical Committee ISO/TC 39, Machine tools,

Subcommittee SC 4, Woodworking machines

Additional parts are to be developed in future to deal specific requirements for other woodworking machines.

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oSIST prEN ISO 19085-5:2015
ISO/DIS 19085-5
Introduction

ISO 19085-5 was prepared by ISO/TC 39/SC4 under the Vienna Agreement in order to obtain EN ISO

standards on technical safety requirements for the design and construction of woodworking machinery.

ISO 19085 as a whole concern designers, manufacturers, suppliers and importers of machines described in

the Scope. It also includes a list of informative items to be provided by the manufacturer to the user.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and events are covered are

indicated in the scope of this document. In addition machines shall be designed according with the principals

of ISO 12100:2010 for relevant but not significant hazards which are not dealt with covered by this

International Standard.

This document together with ISO 19085-1 is a type C standard as defined in ISO 12100:2010.

When requirements of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or -B

standards, the requirements of this type-C standard take precedence over the requirements of the other

International Standards for machines that have been designed and built according to the requirements of this

type-C standard.

This part of ISO 19085 is intended to be used in conjunction with part-1. As far as possible, the requirements

of this part are treated by way of reference to the relevant subclauses of ISO 19085-1, thus reducing

considerably the length of this document by avoiding many repetitions.

So, clauses 5 and 6 and Annexes subclauses of this part can either confirm, exclude, supplement with

additions or modify with replacements the corresponding subclause of ISO 19085-1. This link is reported in

the first paragraph of subclause right after the title, using the following possible statements:

 “This subclause of part-1 applies”;
 “Not applicable.”;

 “This subclause of part-1 applies with the following additions.” Or “This subclause of part-1 applies

with the following additions, divided into further specific subclauses.”;

 “This subclause of part-1 is replaced by the following specific text.” Or “This subclause of part-1 is

replaced by the following specific text, subdivided into further specific subclauses.”;

 “Subclause specific to this part.” (i.e. part-1 does not contain such subclause).

Common requirements for tooling are given in EN 847-1:2013.
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oSIST prEN ISO 19085-5:2015
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/DIS 19085-5
Woodworking machines — Safety — Part 5: Dimension saws
1 Scope

This international standard deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events as listed in

Clause 4 which are relevant to stationary and displaceable dimensions saws, hereinafter referred to as

“machines”, designed to cut wood and material with similar physical characteristics to wood, when they are

operated, adjusted and maintained as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer

including reasonably foreseeable misuse. Also transport, assembly, dismantling, disabling and scrapping

phases are taken into account.

NOTE 1 For the definition of stationary and displaceable machine see ISO 19085-1, 3.4 and 3.5.

The machines may also be fitted with one or more of the following devices/facilities, whose hazards have

been dealt with:

a) facility for the main saw blade and scoring saw blade (if any) to be raised and lowered;

b) facility to tilt the main saw blade and scoring saw blade (if any) for angled cutting;

c) facility for scoring;

d) facility for grooving with milling tool with a width not exceeding 20 mm in one pass;

e) demountable power feed unit;
f) post-formed edge pre-cutting unit;
g) power operated sliding table;
h) workpiece clamping.

NOTE 2 Dimension saws are used for ripping, cross cutting, dimensioning and grooving.

This document is not applicable to machines:
 intended for use in potentially explosive atmosphere.
 manufactured before the date of its publication as an international standard.
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oSIST prEN ISO 19085-5:2015
ISO/DIS 19085-5
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.
ISO 19085-1, Woodworking machines – Safety – Part-1: common requirements

ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery  General principles for design  Risk assessment and risk reduction

ISO 13849-1:2006, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 1: General

principles for design

ISO 13849-2:2003, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 2: Validation

ISO 13850:2006, Safety of machinery — Emergency stop — Principles for design

ISO 13857:2008, Safety of machinery — Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper

and lower limbs

ISO 7960:1995, Airborne noise emitted by machine tools — Operating conditions for woodworking machines

EN 614-1:2006+A1:2009, Safety of machinery — Ergonomic design principles — Part 1: Terminology and

general principles

EN 847-1:2013, Tools for woodworking — Safety requirements — Part 1: Milling tools, circular saw blades

ISO 14118:2000, Safety of machinery — Prevention of unexpected start-up

ISO 14119:1998+A1:2007, Safety of machinery — Interlocking devices associated with guards — Principles

for design and selection

ISO 13856-3:2004+A1:2009, Safety of machinery — Pressure sensitive protective devices — Part 3: General

principles for the design and testing of pressure sensitive bumpers, plates, wires and similar devices

EN 50178:1997, Electronic equipment for use in power installations

EN 50370-1:2005, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Product family standard for machine-tools —

Part 1: Emission

EN 50370-2:2003, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Product family standard for machine-tools —

Part 2: Immunity

IEC 60204-1:2005, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 1: General requirements

IEC 60439-1:1999, Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear assemblies — Part 1: Type-tested and partially

type-tested assemblies
IEC 60529:1989, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code)

IEC 60825-1:2007, Safety of laser products — Part 1: Equipment classification and requirements

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IEC 61310-1:2007, Safety of machinery — Indication, marking and actuation — Part 1: Requirements for

visual, acoustic and tactile signals

IEC 61496-1:2004, Safety of machinery — Electrosensitive protective equipment — Part 1: General

requirements and tests

IEC 61496-2:2006, Safety of machinery — Electro-sensitive protective equipment — Part 2: Particular

requirements for equipment using active opto-electronic protective devices (AOPDs)

IEC 61800-5-2:2007, Adjustable speed electrical power drive systems — Part 5-2: Safety requirements —

Functional

ISO 3746:2010, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise sources

using sound pressure — Survey method using an enveloping measurement surface over a reflecting plane

ISO 4414:2010, Pneumatic fluid power — General rules and safety requirements for systems and their

components

ISO 9614-1:1993, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels of noise sources using sound intensity —

Part 1: Measurement at discrete points

ISO 11202:2010, Acoustics  Noise emitted by machinery and equipment  Determination of emission

sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions applying approximate environmental

corrections

ISO 11204:2010, Acoustics  Noise emitted by machinery and equipment  Determination of emission

sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions applying accurate environmental

corrections
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oSIST prEN ISO 19085-5:2015
ISO/DIS 19085-5
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 12100:2010, in ISO 19085-1 and

the following apply.
3.1
dimension saw

hand fed machine fitted with a single main circular saw blade which is fixed in position during the cutting

operation, and a sliding table adjacent to the saw blade

Note to entry: Example and terminology are given in Figure 1. The main saw blade is mounted on a spindle below the

table. The machine may have any of the following devices/facilities:

a) facility for the main saw blade and scoring saw blade (if any) to be raised and lowered;

b) facility to tilt the main saw blade and scoring saw blade (if any) for angled cutting;

c) facility for scoring;

d) facility for grooving with milling tool with a width not exceeding 20 mm in one pass;

e) demountable power feed unit;
f) post-formed edge pre-cutting unit;
g) power operated sliding table;
h) workpiece clamping.
3.2
grooving

making of a cut in the surface of the workpiece not deep enough to pass through using the saw blade or a

milling tool
3.3
post-formed / soft-formed edge pre-cutting

cut made by a separate saw blade in the front profiled edge of the workpiece deep enough to prevent surface

damage when the main saw blade makes its cut
Note to entry: see Figure 2.
3.4
post-formed / soft-formed edge pre-cutting saw blade

saw blade used for post-formed edge pre-cutting. This may be the scoring saw blade or a separate saw blade

specifically for this purpose
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oSIST prEN ISO 19085-5:2015
ISO/DIS 19085-5
Key
1 riving knife 9 extension table
2 saw blade(s) guard 10 controls
3 saw blade guard support 11 saw blade guard support (may include pipe for
chips and dust extraction)
4 fixed guard beneath table 12 push stick
5 rip fence 13 sliding table
6 clamping shoe 14 cross-cutting fence
7 table insert 15 sliding table handle
8 machine table 16 moveable control panel
17 additional controls at the rear side of the
sliding table
Figure 1 — Example of a dimension saw
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oSIST prEN ISO 19085-5:2015
ISO/DIS 19085-5
Key
1 post-formed / soft-formed edge pre-cutting saw blade
2 feed direction of the sliding table
3 movement of post-formed / soft-formed edge pre-cutting saw blade
4 main saw blade
5 workpiece
Figure 2 — Post-formed / soft-formed edge pre-cutting
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oSIST prEN ISO 19085-5:2015
ISO/DIS 19085-5
4 List of significant hazards

This clause contains all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events (see ISO 12100:2010), identified

by risk assessment as significant for the machines as defined in the scope and which require action to

eliminate or reduce the risk. This document deals with these significant hazards by defining safety

requirements and/or measures or by reference to relevant standards.
These hazards are listed in Table 1.
Table 1 — List of significant hazards
No Hazards, hazardous situations and ISO 12100:2010 Relevant sub-clause of
hazardous events this document
1 Mechanical hazards related to:
- machine parts or workpieces due to:
a) shape; 6.2.2.1, 6.2.2.2, 6.3 5.3.3, 5.3.9, 5.3.10, 5.3.6,
5.3.8, 5.4.5, 5.4.12
b) relative location; 5.2.2, 5.2.6, 5.2.7, 5.2.12,
5.3.10, 5.3.6, 5.3.8
d) mass and velocity (kinetic energy of elements 5.2.3, 5.2.4.2, 5.2.6,
in controlled or uncontrolled motion); 5.2.12, 5.3.4, 5.3.7, 5.4.5
e) mechanical strength; 5.3.2, 5.3.3, 5.3.4, 5.3.6,
5.3.6, 5.3.11, Annex E,
Annex F, Annex H, Annex
- accumulation of the energy inside t
...

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