Machine tools - Safety - Sawing machines for cold metal (ISO 16093:2017)

This International standard specifies the safety requirements and measures to be adopted by persons undertaking the design, construction and supply (including installation, setting up, maintenance, and repair) of machines, as defined in clause 3 of this standard, whose primary intended use is for sawing cold metal (ferrous and non-ferrous), or material partly of cold metal, by means of a sawing tool.
This international standard takes into account the intended use, reasonably foreseeable misuse, machine setting and blade fitting, maintenance and cleaning, and their effects on the safety of operators and other exposed persons. It presumes access to the machine from all directions at floor level and addresses both normal operation and unexpected or unintended starting.
This international standard covers the significant hazards indicated in clause 4 and applies also to the ancillary devices (i.e. handling equipment for work pieces, chip conveyor) which form an integral part of the machine. Where such devices are not an integral part of the machine, the designer, manufacturer or supplier of the installation should take into account their intended use, and should make provision for the safe linking of such devices with the machine.
This standard applies to (metal) sawing machines which are manufactured after the date of publication by CEN of this standard.

Werkzeugmaschinen - Sicherheit - Sägemaschinen für die Kaltbearbeitung von Metall (ISO 16093:2017)

Machine-outils - Sécurité - Machines à scier les métaux à froid (ISO 16093:2017)

ISO 16093:2017 traite de tous les phénomènes dangereux, situations dangereuses et événements dangereux significatifs pour les machines à scier telles que définies dans l'Article 3, destinées principalement au sciage des métaux à froid (ferreux et non ferreux) ou des matériaux constitués partiellement de métaux à froid, et dans des conditions de mauvaise utilisation qui sont raisonnablement prévisibles par le fabricant (voir l'Article 4).
ISO 16093:2017 est applicable aux machines à scier (les métaux) fabriquées après la date de publication du présent document.
Lorsqu'un traitement supplémentaire (c'est-à-dire fraisage, alésage, marquage, opération de finition, etc.) est envisagé, le présent document peut servir de base pour les exigences de sécurité. Pour des informations plus détaillées, se reporter à la Bibliographie.
ISO 16093:2017 traite des phénomènes dangereux engendrés par le bruit mais ne fournit pas de code d'essai acoustique complet. Il est prévu d'intégrer un tel code lors de la prochaine révision du présent document.
ISO 16093:2017 ne contient pas d'exigences ni de mesures de sécurité pour les phénomènes dangereux d'incendie et d'explosion. Il est prévu de les traiter lors de la prochaine révision du présent document.

Obdelovalni stroji - Varnost - Žage za rezanje hladnih kovin (ISO 16093:2017)

Ta mednarodni standard določa varnostne zahteve in ukrepe za osebe, ki se ukvarjajo z načrtovanjem, izgradnjo ter dobavo (vključno z namestitvijo, postavitvijo, vzdrževanjem in popravilom) strojev, kot je opredeljeno v točki 3 tega standarda, ki so primarno namenjeni za rezanje hladnih kovin (železnih in neželeznih) ali materiala, ki je delno sestavljen iz hladnih kovin, z orodjem za žaganje.
Ta mednarodni standard upošteva predvideno uporabo, pričakovano nepravilno uporabo, postavitev stroja in namestitev rezil, vzdrževanje in čiščenje ter njihove učinke na varnost upravljavcev in drugih izpostavljenih oseb. Predvideva dostop do stroja iz vseh smeri na ravni tal in obravnava tako običajno delovanje kot nepričakovan ali nenameren zagon.
Ta mednarodni standard zajema večje nevarnosti iz točke 4 in se uporablja tudi za pomožne naprave (npr. opremo za ravnanje z obdelovanci in čipirane transporterje), ki so sestavni del stroja. Kadar te naprave niso sestavni del stroja, mora načrtovalec, proizvajalec ali dobavitelj, ki namesti opremo, upoštevati njihovo predvideno uporabo in vzpostaviti pogoje za varno povezavo teh naprav s strojem.
Ta standard se uporablja predvsem za stroje za žaganje (kovin), ki so bili izdelani po tem, ko je CEN objavil ta standard.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
31-Mar-2014
Publication Date
11-Jun-2017
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
09-May-2017
Due Date
14-Jul-2017
Completion Date
12-Jun-2017

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 16093:2017
01-september-2017
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 13898:2004+A1:2009
SIST EN 13898:2004+A1:2009/AC:2010
Obdelovalni stroji - Varnost - Žage za rezanje hladnih kovin (ISO 16093:2017)
Machine tools - Safety - Sawing machines for cold metal (ISO 16093:2017)

Werkzeugmaschinen - Sicherheit - Sägemaschinen für die Kaltbearbeitung von Metall

(ISO 16093:2017)
Machine-outils - Sécurité - Machines à scier les métaux à froid (ISO 16093:2017)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 16093:2017
ICS:
25.080.60 Strojne žage Sawing machines
SIST EN ISO 16093:2017 en,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 16093:2017
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SIST EN ISO 16093:2017
EN ISO 16093
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
April 2017
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 25.080.01 Supersedes EN 13898:2003+A1:2009
English Version
Machine tools - Safety - Sawing machines for cold metal
(ISO 16093:2017)

Machine-outils - Sécurité - Machines à scier les métaux Werkzeugmaschinen - Sicherheit - Sägemaschinen für

à froid (ISO 16093:2017) die Kaltbearbeitung von Metall (ISO 16093:2017)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 21 November 2016.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2017 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 16093:2017 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 16093:2017
EN ISO 16093:2017 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered .................................................. 4

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SIST EN ISO 16093:2017
EN ISO 16093:2017 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 16093:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 39 "Machine

tools" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 143 “Machine tools - Safety” the secretariat of

which is held by SNV.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2017, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by October 2017.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.
This document supersedes EN 13898:2003+A1:2009.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive.

For relationship with EU Directive, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 16093:2017 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 16093:2017 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 16093:2017
EN ISO 16093:2017 (E)
Annex ZA
(informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the essential
requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered

This European Standard has been prepared under a Commission’s standardization request “M/079” to

provide one voluntary means of conforming to essential requirements of the Machinery Directive

2006/42/EC.

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive compliance

with the normative clauses of this standard given in Table ZA.1 confers, within the limits of the scope of

this standard, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding essential requirements of that

Directive and associated EFTA regulations.

Table ZA.1 — Correspondence between this European Standard and Directive 2006/42/EC

Essential Requirements of Clause(s)/sub-clause(s) of Remarks/Notes
Directive2006/42/EC this EN
Within the limits of the scope All normative clauses
all relevant essential
requirements with the
exception of essential
requirements according fire
and explosion hazards are
covered

WARNING 1 — Presumption of conformity stays valid only as long as a reference to this European

Standard is maintained in the list published in the Official Journal of the European Union. Users of this

standard should consult frequently the latest list published in the Official Journal of the European

Union.

WARNING 2 — Other Union legislation may be applicable to the product(s) falling within the scope of

this standard.
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SIST EN ISO 16093:2017
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 16093
First edition
2017-03
Machine tools — Safety — Sawing
machines for cold metal
Machine-outils — Sécurité — Machines à scier les métaux à froid
Reference number
ISO 16093:2017(E)
ISO 2017
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SIST EN ISO 16093:2017
ISO 16093:2017(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2017, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 16093:2017
ISO 16093:2017(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 List of significant hazards ........................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.2 Main hazard zones ............................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures ............................................................................................................ 9

5.1 General requirements ....................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.1.1 Guard requirements for all types of sawing machines ................................................................10

5.1.2 Modes of operation .....................................................................................................................................................10

5.1.3 Control system requirements ............................................................................................................................11

5.2 Machine types described in this document .................................................................................................................14

5.2.1 Band-sawing machines............................................................................................................................................14

5.2.2 Circular sawing machines .....................................................................................................................................18

5.2.3 Hack-sawing machines — Horizontal-pivot type .............................................................................23

5.3 Type-specific safeguarding requirements ....................................................................................................................24

5.3.1 Band-sawing machines (see Figures 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8) ..................................................24

5.3.2 Circular sawing machines (see Figures 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15 and 16) ....................24

5.3.3 Hack-sawing machines (see Figure 17) ....................................................................................................27

5.4 Other mechanical hazards ..........................................................................................................................................................27

5.4.1 Mechanical power transmission elements .............................................................................................27

5.4.2 Work material holding devices .........................................................................................................................28

5.4.3 Power-operated work material clamping devices ...........................................................................28

5.4.4 Power-operated work material loading/unloading and feeding devices ....................29

5.4.5 Swarf/chip collection and removal systems .........................................................................................29

5.4.6 Preventive maintenance .........................................................................................................................................29

5.5 Electrical hazards ..............................................................................................................................................................................30

5.6 Thermal hazards .................................................................................................................................................................................30

5.7 Hazards generated by noise ......................................................................................................................................................30

5.7.1 Reduction of noise at source ...............................................................................................................................30

5.7.2 Reduction of noise on transmission paths..............................................................................................30

5.8 Hazards generated by vibration ............................................................................................................................................31

5.9 Hazards generated by materials or substances processed ............................................................................31

5.9.1 Hazards from contact with or inhalation of harmful fluids, gases, mists,

fumes and dusts .............................................................................................................................................................31

5.9.2 Minimizing biological and microbiological hazards in metalworking fluids ............32

5.9.3 Swarf and cleanability ..............................................................................................................................................32

5.10 Hazards generated by neglect of ergonomic principles in machinery design ...............................32

5.10.1 Avoidance of unhealthy posture, excessive effort, fatigue and repetitive strain ...32

5.10.2 Inadequate consideration of hand-arm or foot-leg anatomy .................................................33

5.10.3 Inadequate local lighting........................................................................................................................................33

5.10.4 Human error, human behaviour ......................................................................................................................33

5.10.5 Inadequate design, location or identification of manual controls .....................................33

5.10.6 Inadequate design or location of visual display units ..................................................................33

5.11 Unexpected start up, unexpected overrun/over-speed ....................................................................................33

5.11.1 Failure/disorder of the control system .....................................................................................................33

5.11.2 Restoration of energy supply after an interruption .......................................................................34

5.11.3 External influences on the electrical equipment ..............................................................................34

5.12 Errors of fitting ....................................................................................................................................................................................34

5.13 Falling or ejected objects or fluids ......................................................................................................................................34

© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 16093:2017
ISO 16093:2017(E)

5.13.1 Containment of work material, chips and fluids ...............................................................................34

5.13.2 Ejection of parts — Guard strength ..............................................................................................................34

5.14 Loss of stability/overturning of machinery ................................................................................................................35

5.15 Slip, trip and fall of persons ......................................................................................................................................................35

5.15.1 General requirements ...............................................................................................................................................35

5.15.2 Contamination of floors ..........................................................................................................................................35

5.15.3 High parts of the machine which shall be accessible for maintenance or

trouble shooting ............................................................................................................................................................35

5.16 Verification of safety requirements and/or measures.......................................................................................35

6 Information for use .........................................................................................................................................................................................36

6.1 Markings ....................................................................................................................................................................................................36

6.2 Instruction handbook ....................................................................................................................................................................36

6.3 Noise declaration ...............................................................................................................................................................................37

Annex A (normative) Noise emission measurement ........................................................................................................................38

Annex B (normative) Test conditions for measurement of noise level at sawing machines

and work material specifications ....................................................................................................................................................40

Annex C (informative) Examples of guards for circular sawing machines .................................................................44

Annex D (informative) Examples for the determination of the performance level ..........................................47

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................54

iv © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 16093:2017
ISO 16093:2017(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: w w w . i s o .org/ iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 39, Machine tools, Subcommittee

SC 10, Safety.
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 16093:2017
ISO 16093:2017(E)
Introduction
This document is a type-C standard as stated in ISO 12100.

This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups representing the

market players with regard to machinery safety:
— machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organisations, market surveillance, etc.)

Others can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of the document by the

abovementioned stakeholder groups:
— machine users/employers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs);

— service providers, e. g. for maintenance (small, medium and large enterprises);

— consumers (in case of machinery intended for use by consumers).

The above mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the drafting

process of this document.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events

are indicated in the scope of this document.

When requirements of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or

type-B standards, the requirements of this type-C standard take precedence over the requirements of

the other standards for machines that have been designed and built according to the requirements of

this type-C standard.
vi © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 16093:2017
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 16093:2017(E)
Machine tools — Safety — Sawing machines for cold metal
1 Scope

This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events to sawing machines

as defined in Clause 3, whose primary intended use is for sawing cold metal (ferrous and non-ferrous),

or material partly of cold metal and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by

the manufacturer (see Clause 4).

This document is applicable to (metal) sawing machines which are manufactured after the date of

publication of this document.

When additional processing (i.e. milling, boring, marking, finishing operation, etc.) is considered, this

document can serve as a basis for safety requirements. For more detailed information, refer to the

bibliography.

This document deals with noise hazards but does not provide a full noise test code. It is intended to

draft such a code in the next revision of this document.

This document does not include requirements and safety measures for fire and explosion hazards. It is

intended to deal with them in the next revision of this document.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 683-1, Heat-treatable steels, alloy steels and free-cutting steels — Part 1: Non-alloy steels for quenching

and tempering·

ISO 3744, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise sources using

sound pressure — Engineering methods for an essentially free field over a reflecting plane

ISO 3746:2010, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise sources

using sound pressure — Survey method using an enveloping measurement surface over a reflecting plane

ISO 4413, Hydraulic fluid power — General rules and safety requirements for systems and their components

ISO 4414, Pneumatic fluid power — General rules and safety requirements for systems and their components

ISO 4871, Acoustics — Declaration and verification of noise emission values of machinery and equipment

ISO 9355-1, Ergonomic requirements for the design of displays and control actuators — Part 1: Human

interactions with displays and control actuators

ISO 9355-2, Ergonomic requirements for the design of displays and control actuators — Part 2: Displays

ISO 9355-3, Ergonomic requirements for the design of displays and control actuators — Part 3: Control

actuators

ISO 9614-1, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels of noise sources using sound intensity —

Part 1: Measurement at discrete points

ISO 11202:2010, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Determination of emission

sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions applying approximate environmental

corrections
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 16093:2017
ISO 16093:2017(E)

ISO 11204:2010, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Determination of emission

sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions applying accurate environmental

corrections

ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery — General principles for design — Risk assessment and risk reduction

ISO 13849-1:2015, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 1: General

principles for design
ISO 13850, Safety of machinery — Emergency stop function — Principles for design

ISO 13854, Safety of machinery — Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human body

ISO 13855:2010, Safety of machinery — Positioning of safeguards with respect to the approach speeds of

parts of the human body

ISO 13856-1, Safety of machinery — Pressure-sensitive protective devices — Part 1: General principles for

design and testing of pressure-sensitive mats and pressure-sensitive floors

ISO 13857:2008, Safety of machinery — Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper

and lower limbs

ISO 14119:2013, Safety of machinery — Interlocking devices associated with guards — Principles for

design and selection

ISO 14120:2015, Safety of machinery — Guards — General requirements for the design and construction of

fixed and movable guards

ISO 14122-2, Safety of machinery — Permanent means of access to machinery — Part 2: Working platforms

and walkways

ISO 14122-3, Safety of machinery — Permanent means of access to machinery — Part 3: Stairs, stepladders

and guard-rails

ISO/TR 11688-1, Acoustics — Recommended practice for the design of low-noise machinery and

equipment — Part 1: Planning

IEC 60204-1:2009, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 1: General requirements

IEC 61000-6-2, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 6-2: Generic standards — immunity for

industrial environments

IEC 61000-6-4, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 6-4: Generic standards — Emission standard

for industrial environments

E N 1037:1995+A 1: 2008 , Safety of machinery — Prevention of unexpected start-up

E N 1837:1999+A 1: 200 9, Safety of machinery — Integral lighting of machines
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 12100, ISO 13849-1 and the

following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http:// www .iso .org/ obp
2 © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 16093:2017
ISO 16093:2017(E)
3.1
sawing machine

machine tool that is used for cutting material and cutting into length using a sawing tool (3.9)

3.1.1
band-sawing machine

sawing machine (3.1) that is mainly used for cutting material and cutting into length using a sawing tool

(3.9) which is designed as an flexible endless saw band
Note 1 to entry: Examples are given in Clause 5 and Figures 1 to 8.
3.1.2
circular sawing machine

sawing machine (3.1) for cutting bar and profile material to length with a sawing tool (3.9) which is

designed as a circular saw blade
Note 1 to entry: Examples are given in Clause 5, Figures 9 to 16 and Annex C.
3.1.3
hack-sawing machine

sawing machine (3.1) for cutting bar and profile material to length with a sawing tool (3.9) which is

clamped between the ends of a downwardly open bow
Note 1 to entry: E
...

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